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Analytical Reasoning – Solved Examples

In PO level exams, one of the important topics in Reasoning is Analytical Reasoning. Here you can check some tips and an example.

Tips:

  • Read all the given data carefully.
  • Don’t choose the answer by assumptions.
  • Check all possible cases with respect to the problem
  • Read the question and analyze the case then go for the solution from the given data.

Example:

Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

For a recruitment process in an organization, the candidates need to possess the following qualifications/criteria.

I. A graduate in science with at least 60% marks.
II. An age of at least 25 years and not more than 40 years as on 01.08.2016
III. Have a post-qualification work experience of at least 2 years.
IV. Should have secured 55% marks in the selection procedure.

However, if the candidate fulfills the above-mentioned criteria except

(A) at (I) and if the candidate is not a graduate in Science but has a post graduation degree with a minimum of 60% marks, he/she should be referred to the HR Manager of the organization.
(B) at (III) and if the candidate fulfills all the eligibility criteria but of post-qualification work experience but has secured 75% of marks in the selection process, he/she may be referred to the Director of the organization

Based on the above information study carefully whether the following candidates are eligible for the recruitment process and mark your answer. You are not to assume anything other than the information provided in each question. All the cases are given to you as on 01.08.2016

Questions:

Shalini has 4 years of post qualification work experience in a top organization. She has secured 59% marks in the selection process. Born on 5.10.1990. she has completed her Bachelor’s degree in Physics and secured 66% marks in it.
Mark answer
A. if the candidate is to be selected.
B. if the candidate is not to be selected.
C. if the candidate may be referred to the HR – Manager.
D. if the candidate may be referred to the Director.
E. if the data provided is inadequate to take the decision
Ans – A. if the candidate is to be selected.
Explanation:
Minimum 2 years experience. – Shalini has 4 years of work experience
Candidates Should have secured 55% marks in the selection procedure. – Shalini secured 59%
A graduate in science with at least 60% marks. – she has completed her Bachelor’s degree in Physics and secured 66% marks in it.
Minimum age – 25 – Born on 5.10.1990.
All conditions are satisfied.

2.  Ahmed has completed graduation and post graduation in Economics from Bhopal in and has secured 51% and 68% marks respectively. His Date of Birth is 26.11.1980. He has been working as an executive in a reputed firm since 2006 till date. He has secured 56% marks in the selection process.
Mark answer
A. if the candidate is to be selected.
B. if the candidate is not to be selected.
C. if the candidate may be referred to the HR – Manager
D. if the candidate may be referred to the Director.
E. if the data provided is inadequate to take the decision
Ans: C. if the candidate may be referred to the HR – Manager
Explanation:
Condition: (A) at (I) and if the candidate is not a graduate in Science but has a post graduation degree with a minimum of 60% marks, he/she should be referred to the HR Manager of the organization.
Ahmed has completed graduation and post graduation in Economics from Bhopal in and has secured 51% and 68% marks respectively.

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