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Current Affairs 3rd October 2018

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New edition of Tirukkural is to be released on 5th October
 
The new edition of Tirukkural will be released on October 5, 2018. Vedagiri Mudaliar, who taught Tamil in Madurai Tamil Sangam, set up a printing press exclusively for the purpose. In the 19th century, 1850 to be precise, Tamil scholars turned their attention to Kalathur as Vedagiri Mudaliar first printed the Tirukkural with commentaries. The revised version was released in 1853. Vedagiri Mudaliar’s book was never printed again. Now, Sivalayam J. Mohan will release the new edition on October 5, exactly 165 years after it was first published.

Manipur won the 24th Senior Womens National football championships

Manipur won the 24th Senior Women’s National football championships for the 19th time in Cuttack, Odisha. Manipur beat Odisha by securing 2-1 in the final. In the semifinals, Manipur had beaten Railways 4-3 in a penalty shootout, while Odisha dethroned Tamil Nadu 4-3.

Oreotrochilus cyanolaemus, a new species of hummingbird found

A team of Ornithologists in Ecuador has found a new species of hummingbird, a blue-green creature that lives in a cold, barren highland area. It is in danger of extinction. The bird has been named as Oreotrochilus cyanolaemus or blue-throated star. It is about 11 cm long and has a stunning, deep blue neck, a curved beak, a white breast with a black stripe and greenish-blue head and body feathers. It lives at an altitude of 3,000 to 3,700 meters in an area near the Pacific coast that straddles the provinces of Loja and El Oro.

Researchers developed spacesuits for microbes

Researchers from the University of California (UC) Berkeley developed spacesuits, a patchwork of mesh-like pieces called a Metal-Organic Framework (MOF), for bacteria which might allow the microbes to survive space environments that would otherwise kill them. The protective suits pair up with a living bacteria with light-absorbing semiconductors in order to capture carbon dioxide and convert it into chemicals that can be used by industry or, someday, in space colonies. The system mimics the photosynthesis process in plants. The hybrid system captures CO2 and light to make a variety of carbon compounds, depending on the type of bacteria. The bacteria used in the experiment are anaerobic, which means they can live in environments without oxygen. The MOF suit is impermeable to oxygen and reactive oxygen molecules, like peroxide, that shortens bacteria’s lifespan. With the suit, the bacteria live five times longer at normal oxygen concentrations, 21% by volume, than without the suits.

Three scientists, laser pioneers, won Nobel Physics prize

Three scientists, Arthur Ashkin of the U.S., Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada, won the Nobel Physics Prize for inventing optical lasers that have paved the way for advanced precision instruments used in corrective eye surgery. Arthur Ashkin won one half of the 9 million Swedish kronor (about $1.01 million) prize, while Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada shared the other half. Mr.Ashkin invented optical tweezers that grab particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells with their laser beam fingers. He made this discovery while working at AT&T Bell Laboratories from 1952 to 1991. Mr.Mourou and Ms.Strickland won for helping develop a method to generate ultra-short optical pulses that are the shortest and most intense laser pulses ever created by mankind. Their technique is now used in corrective eye surgery. Ms.Strickland is the only the third woman to win the Physics Prize.

Odisha government launched own food security scheme

Odisha government launched its own food security scheme on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik launched the scheme at four different districts through video conferencing from the State Secretariat, Bhubaneswar. This scheme will benefit 25 lakh people who were left out of the National Food Security Act (NFSA). The beneficiaries will get 5 kg of rice per person per month at the rate of Rs.1 per kg. The State government will spend Rs.443.5 crore per annum to support the scheme and Rs. 221.75 crore in the current financial year. This move is after the refusal of the Centre to its request to add additional beneficiaries under the NFSA.

OPPI re-elected A Vaidheesh as President for 2nd term of Organisation of Pharmaceutical Producers of India (OPPI)

The Organisation of Pharmaceutical Producers of India (OPPI) re-elected A Vaidheesh as President for the second consecutive term. He is working as Vice President, South Asia & Managing Director, in GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals. It represents the research-based pharmaceutical companies in India.

Lonar Lake and St. Marys Island are announced to be geoparks

Lonar Lake, an ancient circular lake created by a meteorite strike, in Maharashtra and St. Mary’s Island, a hexagonal mosaic of basaltic rocks in an island off Udupi are poised to become global geoparks, under the plan of Geological Survey of India (GSI). Lonar Lake in Maharashtra and St. Mary’s Island and Malpe beach in coastal Karnataka are the GSI’s candidates for UNESCO Global Geopark Network status. St. Mary’s Island which was declared a national geo-heritage site in 1975 is estimated to be an 88-million-year-old and Lonar crater became a geo-heritage site in 1979. It is around 50,000 years old.

Ravi Venkatesan appointed as UNICEF special representative

He was the chairman of the Bank of Baroda between 2015-18. About UNICEF Full Form: United Nations Children’s Fund. Executive Director: Henrietta H. Fore. Headquarters: New York, USA. Member: 190 countries.

Mahatma Gandhi awarded the US Congressional Gold Medal

It is the highest civilian honour given by the US Congress very few foreigners have received this award. The resolution is co-sponsored by four Indian American lawmakers Ami Bera, Raja Krishnamoorthi, Ro Khanna and Pramila Jayapal. Tulsi Gabbard is the current co-chair of the House Congressional Caucus on India and Indian Americans and also one of the co-sponsors of the resolution. Out of the 6 US lawmakers, four were Indian Americans.

India ranked 5th in pictorial warnings on cigarette packets: Canadian Cancer Society

According to a report released by the Canadian Cancer Society named Cigarette Package Health Warning International Status Report 2018, India ranked 5th among 206 countries. This was released in Geneva at the 8th session of the Conference of the Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). There are now 55 countries/jurisdictions that require at least 65 per cent (on average) of the package, front and back, be covered with a warning.

Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated World Peace monument

Vice-President M. Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated the world’s largest dome at the Maharashtra Institute of Technology (MIT)’s World Peace University (MIT-WPU) campus at Loni Kalbhor. It was inaugurated to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The ‘World Peace Monument’ dome took nearly 13 years to be built. The monument is of 160 ft. in diameter and 263 ft tall. It is larger in area than the dome at St. Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City. The dome is built atop the MIT World Peace Library and the World Peace Prayer Hall, which are named after the 13th century poet-saint and philosopher Dnyaneshwar, a pivotal figure of the Bhakti movement in Maharashtra. Each of the 24 massive columns in the dome stands 63 feet tall. The prayer hall can accommodate 3,500 people and is embellished with portraits of more than 50 accomplished men globally.

Nobel Prize 2018: Nobel Prize In Physics Goes To Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou And Donna Strickland

Nobel Medicine or Physiology Prize awarded to James P Allison and Tasuku Honjo “for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.”. This is for the first time that no Literature Prize will be given in 70 years because of a #MeToo scandal.

India-Born Professor Gita Gopinath Named IMF Chief Economist

She succeeded Maurice (Maury) Obstfeld. She is currently working as John Zwaanstra Professor of International Studies and Economics at Harvard University. She received her PhD in economics from Princeton University in 2001 after earning a B.A. from the University of Delhi and M.A. degrees from both the Delhi School of Economics and University of Washington.

Rangachari Sridharan appointed as Chairperson Of NFRA

The former IAS officer Rangachari Sridharan as chairperson of the National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA), an entity which will function as an independent regulator for the auditing profession. He is a retired 1983 batch IAS officer of the Karnataka cadre.

India and Uzbekistan signed 17 Agreements and MoUs

The agreements were signed in the field of law, tourism, military education, agriculture, science and technology, commerce and industry, pharmaceutical, national security and illicit trafficking. About Uzbekistan President: Shavkat Mirziyoyev Trending Capital: Tashkent Currency: Uzbekistani

 

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