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Daily The Hindu Editorial With Vocabulary in Detail : Onus on the CBI on the case against P. Chidambaram

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Onus on the CBI: on the case against P. Chidambaram

 

The case against P. Chidambaram is another test for the agency’s credibility

The arraignment(आरोप/अपराध) of former Union Minister P. Chidambaram on corruption(भ्रष्टाचार) charges is a flashpoint in relations(संबंध/सूचना) between the ruling BJP and the principal Opposition(विपक्षी दल/सामना) party, the Congress, in the run-up to the 2019 Lok Sabha election. It also came on the eve(पूर्व संध्या) of the debate in Parliament on a no-confidence(आत्मविश्वास ) motion(प्रस्ताव) against the four-year-old Narendra Modi government. The CBI has filed a charge sheet against Mr. Chidambaram, his son Karti Chidambaram and 16 others, on the ground that Foreign Investment(निवेश/पूंजी निवेश) Promotion Board approval was granted for investments made in Aircel by Global Communication(संचार/संपर्क) Holdings Service, a Mauritius-based subsidiary(सहायक) of Maxis, a Malaysian conglomerate, in violation(उल्लंघन/बाधा) of norms. Mr. Chidambaram is accused(मुलजिम/अभियुक्त) of cheating(धोखाधड़ी ) and bribery(रिश्वत), and having exceeded(पार हो गई/बढ़ती करना) his authority by clearing investments amounting to ₹3,200 crore, whereas any investment above ₹600 crore needed the clearance of the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs. For a case that essentially(अनिवार्य रूप स/दर असल) turns on documentary evidence(सबूत/प्रमाण), the CBI has taken unusually long to come to this conclusion. Mr. Chidambaram’s statement on the FIPB approval was recorded in December 2014, and since then his son has been under the scanner. The filing(दाखिल) of a charge sheet against Mr. Chidambaram ends the uncertainty(अनिश्चितता/संदेह) about the agency’s intentions(इरादों/नीयत). The Congress leader had said he was the real target though it was his son and those associated(जुड़े/शामिल) with him who were subjected to repeated(दोहराया गया/पुनरावृत्त) searches and questioning.

The two cases are vastly(बेहद/अत्यंत) different, but given that the main case against former Union Communications Minister Dayanidhi Maran relating (संबंधित/सुनाना) to the Aircel-Maxis investment was thrown out at the pre-trial stage by the Special Court, the CBI has a greater burden(बोझ/भार) of proof to discharge. Mr. Chidambaram has maintained(बनाए रख/अनुरक्षित)there was nothing amiss about the FIPB approval, which was given only after being processed at various levels. It may not be enough for the agency to prove that the Aircel-Maxis investment supposedly worth ₹180 crore actually had a value of ₹3,200 crore if the premium attached to it was taken into account. It also has to establish(स्थापित करन/स्थापना करना) a clear link between the FIPB approval and some payments received by companies said to be controlled(नियंत्रित) by Mr. Karti. Special Judge O.P. Saini, before whom the charge sheet has been filed, has a record of not accepting theories(सिद्धांतों) of quid pro quo(मुआवज़ा) behind government decisions without sufficient evidence. Both in the main 2G spectrum case, in which former Minister A. Raja and others were acquitted(बरी कर दिया,/अपराधमुक्त) and in the Aircel-Maxis case related to Mr. Maran, the judge had rejected prosecution claims seeking to link some transactions with the decisions(निर्णय/विचार) of the ministers concerne(चिंतित/चिंताशील) . The case against Mr. Chidambaram will be a test for the CBI not only on merits(योग्यता /गुणदोष), but also in disproving the allegations of political vendetta(प्रतिशोध/बदला).

 

Important Vocabulary

1.Arraignment(आरोप/अपराध)
Synonyms: indictmen, charg, citatio, denunciation, impeachment
Antonyms: acquittal

2.Motion(प्रस्ताव)
Synonyms: ac, gestur, passage, advance, agitation
Antonyms: idleness, stagnation, immobility, repose, rest

3.Communication(संचार/संपर्क)
Synonyms: connection, contact, conversation, deliver, intelligence
Antonyms: quie, denia, disagreement, silenc, concealment

4.Accused(मुलजिम/अभियुक्त)
Synonyms: arraigned, implicated, incriminated, indicted, charged with
Antonyms: acquitted, clea, discharged

5.subsidiary(सहायक)
Synonyms: ancillary, supplementary, accessory, adjuvan, assistant
Antonyms: chief, main, major, importan, necessary

6.Intentions(इरादों/नीयत).
Synonyms:acceptation, animus, bottom line, conation, design

7.Vastly(बेहद/अत्यंत)
Synonyms: enormously, exceedingly, extremely, greatly, hugely

8. Relating (संबंधित/सुनाना)
Synonyms: describe, detail, disclose, present, reveal
Antonyms: conceal, hide, misrepresent, suppress, withhold

9.Establish(स्थापित करन/स्थापना करना)
Synonyms: authorize, base, build, create, enact
Antonyms: destroy, end, prevent, remove, ruin

10.Theories(सिद्धांतों)
Synonyms: approach, argument, assumption, code, concept
Antonyms: disbelief, fact, information, reality, truth

11.Merits(योग्यता /गुणदोष)
Synonyms: benefit, dignity, excellence, integrity, quality
Antonyms: disadvantage, dishonor, disrespect, evil, ill repute

12.Vendetta(प्रतिशोध/बदला).
Synonyms: bickering, grudge, hostility, quarrel, revenge, rivalry
Antonyms: agreement, forgiveness, calm, harmony, peace

 

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