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Daily The Hindu Editorial With Vocabulary in Detail : Plunger in a churn Nitish Kumar and Bihar politics

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Plunger in a churn: Nitish Kumar and Bihar politics

Nitish Kumar’s manoeuvres have been forcing other parties in Bihar into realignments
If politics in Bihar is in continual churn(मंथन), then the plunger in the barrel is Nitish Kumar, the Chief Minister and leader of the Janata Dal (United). Each time Mr. Kumar ditches(तोड़ना/खाई बनाना) an old friend or chooses a new ally(सहयोगी), the other parties are forced into a realignment(संगठित करना।). The latest to shift camps is Upendra Kushwaha’s Rashtriya Lok Samta Party. After the BJP and the JD(U) reached(पहुँचना) an agreement(समझौते ) on sharing an equal number(समान संख्या) of seats for next year’s Lok Sabha election, the other allies of the BJP felt squeezed for space in the NationalDemocratic(लोकतांत्रिक ) Alliance(गठबंधन). With the BJP, which won 22 of the 30 seats it contested(चुनाव लड़ा/विवादास्पद) in 2014, cutting down its own share of the seats in order to make room for the JD(U), both the RLSP, which won all its three seats in the last election, and the Lok Janshakti Party of Ram Vilas Paswan, which won six of its seven seats, were expected( उम्मीद ) to do the same. But more than the LJP, the RLSP found the situation(स्थिति ) uncomfortable(असहज) as Mr. Kushwaha had built his party in opposition(विपक्ष/विरोध) to Mr. Kumar over the last five years. The BJP made no serious attempt(प्रयास) to retain(बनाए रखें) the RLSP within its fold, in a way glad( प्रसन्न/ख़ुश) that the pressure on the process of allocation of the 40 seats in Bihar would ease(आराम/चैन) a bit(अंश/टुकड़ा) If the NDA got crowded(भीड़) after the entry of Mr. Kumar and the JD(U), the alliance led by the Rashtriya Janata Dal remained a mahagathbandhan only in name. Both Mr. Kushwaha and Hindustani Awam Morcha’s Jitan Ram Manjhi, a former ally of the BJP, were easily accommodated(समायोजित ) by the RJD-Congress combine(जोड़ना) in the mahagathbandhan.

In a way, the exit of Mr. Kushwaha has strengthened(मजबूत किया) the bargaining(सौदेबाजी ) power of Mr. Paswan and the LJP. The LJP seems unwilling(अनिच्छुक) to surrender any of its sitting seats to accommodate the JD(U). Like many of the other parties in Bihar, the LJP has switched sides often, choosing(चयन) between the Congress and the BJP on the basis of how it reads the political winds( हवाएं।). With the RJD steadfastly(लगातार) wooing(लुभाने/मना) the LJP, the BJP has been trying hard to keep the party within the NDA. The bilateral(द्विपक्षीय ) agreement with the BJP was a victory of sorts for the JD(U). It was very much the senior partner in the NDA right until 2013, when it broke away(तोड़ दिया) from the BJP,protesting(विरोध कर) against the nomination of Narendra Modi as the prime ministerial candidate. But since then the party appears(प्रकट होता है/निकलना) to have conceded(स्वीकार करना) a lot of ground to the BJP. Another change of alliance partners for the JD(U) is unlikely. As things stand, the RJD may not entertain(मनोरंजन) such an option. The JD(U) has been the most important player in Bihar’s politics in the last 13 years, but Mr. Kumar’s room for political manoeuvre(पैंतरेबाज़ी) is now severely limited. The plunger might have just done its last churn in the barrel.

Important Vocabulary

1. Churn(मंथन),
Synonyms: boil, bubble, simmer, swirl, agitate
Antonyms: freeze

2. Ditches(तोड़ना/खाई बनाना)
Synonyms: dike, gutter, moat, trench, canal

3. Uncomfortable(असहज)
Synonyms: annoying, awkward, bitter, difficult, distressing
Antonyms: agreeable, easy, kind, mild, nice

4. Realignment(संगठित करना।)
Synonyms: changeover, conversion, development, evolution, growth
Antonyms: decline, decrease, idleness, sameness, stagnation

5. Accommodated(समायोजित ) 
Synonyms: contain, entertain, hold, rent, shelter
Antonyms: reject, turn away, bar, block, disarrange

6. Combine(जोड़ना) 
Synonyms: associate, blend, couple, fuse, incorporate
Antonyms: disconnect, disjoin, dissociate, divide, part

7. Attempt(प्रयास
Synonyms: attack, bid, endeavor, experiment, pursuit
Antonyms: retreat, surrender, certainty, laziness, success

8. Unwilling(अनिच्छुक) 
Synonyms: afraid, averse, compelled, evasive, forced
Antonyms: eager, enthusiastic, ready, willing, prepared

9. Wooing(लुभाने/मना)
Synonyms: cultivate, pursue, solicit, address, beg
Antonyms: ignore, answer, disregard, repulse

10. Appears(प्रकट होता है/निकलना)
Synonyms: arrive, come, come out, crop up, develop
Antonyms: abandon, conceal, depart, disappear, go

11. Unwilling(अनिच्छुक)
Synonyms: afraid, averse, compelled, evasive, forced
Antonyms: eager, enthusiastic, ready, willing, prepared

12. Bargaining(सौदेबाजी )
Synonyms: dealings, haggling, trading, exchange, transaction

 

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