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Daily The Hindu Editorial With Vocabulary in Detail : Reservation offsets deprivation, period

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Reservation offsets deprivation, period

On August 30, a five-judge Constitution bench of the Supreme Court answered the following question, “Whether a person belonging(संबंधित /संबद्ध) to a Scheduled Caste (SC) in relation(रिश्ता/संबंध) to a particular state would be entitled or not, to the benefits or concessions allowed to SC candidate in the matter of employment, in any other state?” Its answer is “no, with the exception(आपत्ति/अपवाद) of Delhi”. This means a person classified as a SC in Bengal, say, but not on Karnataka’s list, cannot claim reservation when applying for a government job in Mysuru (but can do so in Delhi). The SC says since each state has its own list of SC and scheduled tribes( जनजातियों) (ST), granting reservations to SC and ST from other states would eat into opportunities(अवसरों/मौक़ा) for locals. The judgment would appear to be deeply flawed, in replacing experienced(अनुभव प्राप्त) backwardness as the factor being sought to be compensated(मुआवज़ा देना/प्रतिफल देना) for via reservations, with location. Admittedly(निस्सन्देह), state-specific( विशेष /विशिष्ट) listing of scheduled castes, sub-castes and scheduled tribes throws up ambiguities(अस्पष्टता/संदिग्धता) . For example, Gurjars are a scheduled tribe in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir, but an Other Backward Caste elsewhere.

When a person grows up experiencing the deprivation (हानि/नुक़सान) and backwardness associated(जुड़े/संबंधी) with his social and educational class, does his moving to another state remove the handicap he had experienced in his state, merely because his community’s standing in the state to which he has moved is altogether better than that in the home state? Clearly not. Then comes the question of a person from a different state taking away a job that should have gone to a local resident( निवासी). This is the question that the Shiv Sena has been raising in Maharashtra, about, of course, the general population, rather than about SCs or STs. The court’s view would resonate( गूंजना) with the Sena and could feed demands in every locality to keep outsiders away in the quest for jobs. That would conflict(संघर्ष) with the fundamental freedom of a citizen to move freely and reside anywhere. Denying, in effect, this freedom to the beneficiaries of reservations would flout the guarantee of equality, and deem(समझना) them somewhat less than full citizens. The verdict(निर्णय/विचार) calls for a relook by another bench



Important Vocabulary

1. Exception(आपत्ति/अपवाद) 
Synonyms: omission, barring, debarment, exclusion, expulsion
Antonyms: acceptance, allowance, ratification, admittal, admittance

2. Compensated(मुआवज़ा देना/प्रतिफल देना) 
Synonyms: atone, pay, recoup, refund, reimburse
Antonyms: lose, penalize, take, damage, deprive

3.Tribes( जनजातियों)
Synonyms: association, caste, clan, people, society

4. Resonate( गूंजना)
Synonyms: echo, reverberate, vibrate, oscillate, reproduce

5. Deem(समझना) 
Synonyms: allow, assume, believe, expect, feel
Antonyms: disbelieve, disregard, forget, ignore, misinterpret

6. Admittedly(निस्सन्देह), 
Synonyms: absolutely, actually, certainly, easily, genuinely
Antonyms: doubtfully, dubiously, indefinite, questionably

7. Ambiguities(अस्पष्टता/संदिग्धता) 
Synonyms: doubt, uncertainty, vagueness, anagram, doubtfulness
Antonyms: certainty, clarity, clearness, definiteness, explicitness

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