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# Direction & Distance Tricks & Tips

In almost all the Multiple choice type examination a few question pertaining to Distance and / or Direction are asked regularly .

In this article, we are going to discuss how to solve direction sense questions along with the shortcuts and tricks to solve the question in less than a minute. The first step for solving the questions utilizing the concept of ‘directions’ is to understand the direction chart, which has 8 directions. Take an optical canvassing of the direction chart given below.

Basic Directions:

Note :- If not mentioned we always assume that the person is facing north.

### Shortcut Approach:-  To remember four main directions, always remember the  word ‘NEWS.’

Points to Remember :-

1. There are 8 directions in all i.e. N, S, E, W, NE, SE, SW, NW
2. Angle between 2 crosses i.e. NW & NE or N and E etc is 90*

1) Find the Final Direction.
2) Starting point direction with respect to the ending point.
3) Ending point direction with respect to starting point.

Some other basics:

1.B is to the east of A.

2. B is to the west of A.

3. B is to the north of A.

4. B is to the south of A.

5. B is to the North East of A.

6. B is to the North West of A.

7. B is to the South East of A.

8. B is to the South West of A.

### Example Based on  Basics Direction

Example:- A Person is walking towards east 50 meters then he turned towards his right and walks 100 meters. Later in the journey  he turned towards his right direction and walks for 150 meters finally he turns right and walks 100 meters.What is his final direction?

Solution :-

1) The 1st line in the question says that person walks 50m east.

2) The 2nd line says that he turns right and walks 100m since he is facing east so his right would be ‘SOUTH’ direction therefore he walks 100m south.

3) The 3rd line says that he turns right again and walks 150m so right of south is west.

4) Further the question says that he finally turns right and walks 100 m so right of west direction is north

### CONCEPT OF MINIMUM DISTANCE

Minimum distance between initial and last point.

h2 = b2 +P2

where,
h = Hypotenuse
b = Base
P = Perpendicular

Remember this important rule is known as Pythogoras Theorem’

### Practice Problems On Direction & Distance

(1) 2 km.
(2) 4 km.
(3) 6 km.
(4) 8 km.

(l) East
(2) West
(3) North
(4) South-west

(1)  1 km
(2)  2 km
(3)  3 km
(4) 4 km

(1)  90 m
(2) 100 m
(3)  260 m
(4) 140 m

(1) South-west
(2) North-west
(3) West
(4) North

(1) South
(2) West
(3) South-East
(4) South-West

(1) 32 m
(2) 23 m
(3) 13 m
(4) 16 m

(1) 3 km
(2) 4 km
(3) 5 km
(4) 2 km

#### 9. Karan facing towards south moved straight  2 km and from there turned to his right 90° and  travelled 2 km. Then he took a 45° turn to his left and travelled 1 km. Where would he be now with respect to the starting point?

(1) South region
(2) South-east region
(3) North-west region
(4) South-west region

(1) South-East
(2) South-West
(3) North-West
(4) North

(1)  16  k.m.
(2)  2 k.m.
(3)  4 k.m.
(4)  3 k.m.