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English On Fillers & Para Jumbled Day 26 Bag

English On Fillers & Para Jumbled Day 26 Bag


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Direction: In each of the following questions few statements are given. You have to arrange them and choose the correct arrangement from the given options.

  1. a) Now a distinguished observer of the universe and a proponent of underlying laws that govern it, Stephen Hawking has pointed out in a BBC programme that human beings need to colonise a planet soon and they must start in the next 100 years if the species is to be kept alive.
    b) Science fiction has traditionally used its imagination to show earthlings in a struggle with beings from another planet.
    c) Only recently in movies has the tide been turned towards making an attempt to colonise other planets, mainly Mars.
    d) This is because humanity is in danger of extinction because of climate change, overpopulation, chemical and nuclear wars.
    A) bcda
    B) bdac
    C) cadb
    D) bcad
    E) cabd

    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation
    : Correct Order: bcad.
    sentences a) c) and d) starts with words that cannot be used as an introductory line. Option B) is hence the introduction line. Followed by c) giving an example of the same. d) explains a) and hence follows it. So order is bcad
  2. (a) This particular worldwide security threat, which hasn’t yet run its course, was dismantled by a UK security expert who activated an address that the “kill switch” in the ransomware was compelled to search for.
    (b) ranging from the UK National Health Service to a French carmaker with an alliance plant in Chennai, the German railways, the Andhra Pradesh police and entire Russian systems.
    (c) A massive cyberattack brought computers to a halt on Friday and Saturday, the malware affecting over one lakh computers and systems in nearly 150 nations worldwide,
    (d) Such ransomware attacks are commonplace, with an estimated 600 million attacks likely recorded in 2016 alone.
    A) cbda
    B) cdba
    C) cadb
    D) adbc
    E) abdc

    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation
    : Correct Order: cbda
    c) is the starting sentence as it introduces the passage. Followed by b) then d) tells about various such incidence that have occurred in past, and then a) highlights this particular threat.
  3. a) This sector employs 42.5 lakh Indians directly, and has created over twice as many jobs indirectly in other fields.
    b) Automation would then replace entry-level jobs, denying jobs to college-leavers, and lead to the retrenchment of mid-level professionals who couldn’t remain relevant via constant reskilling.
    c) The landscape of the $150-billion IT sector, one of India’s largest job-providers, is changing fast, owing to technological advances in automation and robotics.
    d) But it is gradually moving away from the linear growth model, with rise in revenue matching net employee addition, to a non-linear one where income growth is independent of additional hiring.
    A) cdba
    B) abdc
    C) badc
    D) cadb
    E) dcba

    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation
    : Correct order: cadb
  4. a) All jobs that don’t require exceptional thought processes and those that could be accomplished by analysing data with a simple algorithm could be replaced.
    b) A study by Oxford University suggested that 100 professions or occupations are at risk of being eliminated by automation in the future.
    c) It is a matter of concern as with growing population, the demand for jobs is also on rise.
    d) People whose jobs require them to come up with solutions on a case- by-case basis can rest assured that their jobs will not be replaced.
    A) abdc
    B) badc
    C) dcab
    D) dcba
    E) cdab

    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation
    : Correct order: badc
  5. a) India’s IT sector must make the Digital India programme its pivot for India-focused opportunities, whose solutions could be profitably deployed in a large number of developing countries.
    b) With around 16 lakh graduates entering the job market every year amid slow job creation due to global protectionism and automation threats, the urgent issue for the Indian government is to redesign its job creation strategy.
    c) As former RBI governor Raghuram Rajan once said, it’s time for the government and Indian industry to focus on “Make for India”, rather than the export-driven “Make in India”.
    d) The focus on the export-led model alone may not work.
    A) dbca
    B) bdac
    C) acdb
    D) cadb
    E) cdab

    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation
    : Correct Order is: bdac
  6. c) In the United States, the world’s most advanced nation, there has been a strange issue that is being discussed. It is being written about in books, and there are talks on it (which one can access on YouTube), but there is yet no action on it, though this is expected soon.
    b) The issue is that of artificial intelligence becoming smarter than man.
    d) To us in India this does not seem like something to think about much. Computers are to us devices that we have control over. Our laptop or mobile phone is to us a tool and our servant. It is not our master.
    a) However in America, some of the smartest people working on technology are thinking about and discussing what will happen when artificial intelligence, meaning computer programs, overtakes man in the ability to think.
    A) bcad
    B) adcb
    C) badc
    D) cbda
    E) bacd

    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation
    : The correct order is: cbda
  7. a) The incident involving a Jet Airways expat pilot who allegedly not only harassed a woman passenger but also apparently assaulted her and let loose racist abuse at Indians in general, and a physically challenged passenger in particular, is disgraceful.
    b) But when such a nasty trait is publicly displayed by a foreigner working in India for an Indian airline, it shows how acute the problem of racism is in our country. The airline expressed regret and de-rostered the pilot, but only belatedly after cricketer Harbhajan Singh tweeted on it.
    c) But it’s clear a fuller remedy is needed: this problem simply can’t be tolerated where the customer and the staff interact face to face.
    d) Racism of all kinds may be inherent in a variety of people.
    A) abdc
    B) dcab
    C) adbc
    D) cadb
    E) dbca

    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : Correct Order is: adbc

Direction (8-10): Rearrange the given sentence to form a meaningful passage and answer the questions that follow.

a) Why are fewer Americans paying for the sports leader? One big reason is that fewer people are subscribing to pay-television overall—a phenomenon known as “cord-cutting”.
b) This has turned off customers and potential customers. Sports fans can get highlights free on social media; non-sports fans can get their fix from Netflix and Amazon.
c) For much of this century ESPN, the television sports network, has been Disney’s cash machine, collecting billions more dollars from American subscribers each year than the company gets from its blockbuster “Star Wars”, Marvel and Pixar films combined.
d) As the bundle of channels offered to homes has grown fatter, it has also become more expensive—the typical pay-TV bill in America has nearly doubled in a decade to more than $100 a month.
e) But for the past six years, fewer and fewer people have been paying for ESPN: the network’s subscribers base has declined from a peak of 100m households in 2011 to less than 88m now.
f) ESPN is by far the most expensive channel in the bundle—the network gets paid $7.86 per subscriber, according to Kagan, a research firm, while no other basic cable channel commands even $2 per subscriber.

  1. Which of the following is the third sentence after rearrangement?
    A) a
    B) b
    C) c
    D) d
    E) e

    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation
    : The correct sequence is: ceadbf
  2. Which of the following is the fifth sentence after rearrangement?
    A) f
    B) b
    C) a
    D) c
    E) e

    View Answer
    Option B
  3. Which of the following is the second sentence after rearrangement?
    A) f
    B) e
    C) d
    D) a
    E) c

    View Answer
    Option B

Direction (1-5): In each question a sentence is given followed by a blank. Each blank is followed by three options and you have determine which option can be used in place of blank to give a meaningful sentence and mark it as your answer.

  1. The NSP aims to maintain a malaria-free status for areas where transmission has been interrupted. It seeks ___________________
    I. to achieve universal case detection and treatment services
    II. to ensure 100% diagnosis of all suspected cases,
    III. Effective indoor residual spray.
    A) Only I
    B) Only II
    C) Only III
    D) Both I & II
    E) All I, II, III

    View Answer
      Option  E
    Explanation: 
    As NSP’s main aim is to maintain a malaria free status, so all the three statements are valid and meaningful in the given context
  2. The shared history of India and Australia, coupled with the shared democratic values and _________________
    I. similar outlooks on the strategic changes taking place in the Indo-Pacific region and globally.
    II. to ensure the Indo-Pacific region — the most dynamic in the world — remain peaceful and increasingly prosperous.
    III. to move beyond their comfort zone and learn how to work with each other in new and different ways.
    A) Only I
    B) Only II
    C) Only III
    D) All I, II, III
    E) None of these

    View Answer
      Option  E
    Explanation: 
    The  given statements do not complete the paragraph.
  3. An investment bank is typically a private company that provides various financial-related and other services to individuals, corporations, and governments such as  ______________________
    I. to the creation of capital
    II. raising financial capital by underwriting
    III. acting as the client’s agent in the issuance of securities.
    A) Only II
    B) Only III
    C) Both II & III
    D) Only I
    E)  None of These

    View Answer
      Option C
    Explanation: 
    Investment banking alone isn’t suffice to create capital.
  4. Literature is used to refer to all written accounts, though contemporary definitions extend the term to include ________________
    I. writing that is considered to be an art form
    II. any single writing deemed to have artistic or intellectual value
    III. developments in print technology
    A) Only I
    B) Both II & III
    C) Both I & II
    D) Only III
    E) Only II

    View Answer
      Option C
    Explanation: 
    Definitions of Literature will not tell about any  print technology
  5. By maintaining a high charge for the morning-after pill, Boots has made the drug out of reach ___________________
    I. for poorer women in society, who are often more vulnerable
    II. women with money in the bank,
    III. from women to make sensible and informed choices about their sexual health
    A) Only I
    B) Both I & II
    C) Only II
    D) Only III
    E) Both II & III

    View Answer
      Option A
  6. Food wastage is an extremely critical issue of national importance. To address the problem of food loss and waste globally, the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 12.3 aims ____________
    I. to halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels
    II. to check the lack of infrastructure for short-term storage.
    III. to reduce food losses along production and supply chains
    A) Both I & II
    B) All I, II, III
    C) Only I
    D) Only III
    E) Both I & III

    View Answer
      Option E
    Explanation: 
    II does not clarify storage of what?. Hence discarded.
  7. Antarctica is a climate stabilising factor and the calving of the ice shelf now has _______________
    I. to protect and conserve the Antarctica to avoid large scale disasters the world can face.
    II. to human-induced climate change was available in this case
    III. opened the path to an even larger flow of ice into the oceans
    A) Only I
    B) Only II
    C) Only III
    D) All of the Above
    E) None of these.

    View Answer
      Option C
  8. It is almost 70 years since independence. As an institution, Parliament is central ________
    I. to the idea of democracy and was assigned a pivotal role in our Constitution
    II. to legislation—laws of the land—by which people govern themselves
    III. to people at election time
    A) Only I
    B) Only III
    C) All of these
    D) Both I & II
    E) None of these

    View Answer
      Option D
    Explanation: 
    Parliament is not central to people.
  9. The 21st edition of exercise “Malabar” was held in the Bay of Bengal in July 2017. Malabar is/was _______________________
    I. an annual military exercise between the navies of India and Japan
    II. began in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between India and the U.S.
    III. permanently expanded into a trilateral format with the inclusion of Japan in 2015.
    A) Only I
    B) Both I & II
    C) Both I & III
    D) None of These
    E) All I, II, III

    View Answer
      Option C
  10. The internal security situation of our country has not shown any marked improvement over what it inherited from the earlier government. The issues like: _____________________
    I. Jammu and Kashmir continues to be in the news for wrong reasons with ceasefire violations by the Pakistan army
    II. The Islamic State in a video has threatened to wage jihad against India
    III. communal riots in Gujarat and Muzaffarnagar
    A) Only I
    B) Only II
    C) Only III
    D) All of these
    E)  None of these

    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation: 
    The above cited statements do relate with internal security issues

Directions: The following five sentences have to be arranged in the proper sequence, so as to form a meaningful paragraph. On the basis of your sequencing, answer the questions that follow

a) The vault is on the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen and contains almost a million packets of seeds, each a variety of an important food crop.

b) It was designed as an impregnable deep-freeze to protect the world’s most precious seeds from any global disaster and ensure humanity’s food supply forever.

c) When it was opened in 2008, the deep permafrost through which the vault was sunk was expected to provide “failsafe” protection against “the challenge of natural or man-made disasters”.

d) But the Global Seed Vault, buried in a mountain deep inside the Arctic circle, has been breached after global warming produced extraordinary temperatures over the winter, sending meltwater gushing into the entrance tunnel.

e) But soaring temperatures in the Arctic at the end of the world’s hottest ever recorded year led to melting and heavy rain, when light snow should have been falling.

  1. After the rearrangement of sentences, what will be the SECOND sentence?
    A) d
    B) c
    C) a
    D) b
    E) e

    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation
    : Correct Sequence is: bdace
    After reading all the sentence we get an idea that the passage is centered around Global Seed Vault. To find the starting sentence we need a statement that completely introduces Global Seed Vault. Sentence d) along with b) i.e first b) then d) fulfills this condition. Then a) further describes the Global Seed Vault. Followed by c) and e)
  2. After the rearrangement of sentences, what will be the FIFTH (LAST) sentence?
    A) a
    B) e
    C) b
    D) d
    E) c

    View Answer
    Option B
  3. After the rearrangement of sentences, what will be the FIRST sentence?
    A) a
    B) b
    C) c
    D) d
    E) e

    View Answer
    Option B
  4. After the rearrangement of sentences, what will be the THIRD sentence?
    A) b
    B) e
    C) c
    D) a
    E) d

    View Answer
    Option D
  5. After the rearrangement of sentences, what will be the FOURTH sentence?
    A) e
    B) d
    C) c
    D) b
    E) a

    View Answer
    Option C

Directions: The following five sentences have to be arranged in the proper sequence, so as to form a meaningful paragraph. On the basis of your sequencing, answer the questions that follow.

a) Every nerve cell in our brain acts on ‘inputs’, or information, from thousands of other nerve cells. Each one integrates these ‘inputs’ into a single goal – whether to fire or not to fire.

b) As the election draws nearer many us feel dread at how a complex array of issues facing our country gets squeezed into a winner takes all, first past the post voting process.

c) Once it does and the impulse is transmitted, all the richness and complexity of the other cell inputs is lost.

d) It doesn’t seem right that the diversity of the electorate’s views is simplified into a simple decision. But that’s the way it works.

e) There’s no grey area or halfway house: a nerve cell either fires an action potential or it doesn’t.

f) And, strangely enough, this is exactly how the brain works, too. Neurones either fire or they don’t; each nerve cell returns a single result despite the infinite number of thoughts and decisions that lead up to it.

  1. After the rearrangement of sentences, what will be the FIRST sentence?
    A) a
    B) d
    C) b
    D) c
    E) f

    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : Correct sequence is: bdfaec
  2. After the rearrangement of sentences, what will be the SIXTH(LAST) sentence?
    A) a
    B) d
    C) b
    D) c
    E) e

    View Answer
    Option D
  3. After the rearrangement of sentences, what will be the FIFTH sentence?
    A) a
    B) b
    C) c
    D) d
    E) e

    View Answer
    Option E
  4. After the rearrangement of sentences, what will be the THIRD sentence?
    A) b
    B) c
    C) d
    D) e
    E) f

    View Answer
    Option E
  5. After the rearrangement of sentences, what will be the SECOND sentence?
    A) a
    B) b
    C) c
    D) d
    E) f

    View Answer
    Option D

Directions: In each of the following questions a passage is given in which there is a blank. Choose the most logical and appropriate option from the five options given that can be filled in the blank.

  1. The judgment was widely expected but it has still thrown Pakistan’s politics into disarray. The Supreme Court banned Pakistan’s Nawaz Sharif from sitting in the National Assembly over corruption allegations, a ruling that meant he couldn’t continue as prime minister…………………….., wanted Sharif out, ideally with the rest of his family. But Sharif, who’s now been ousted from power three times, is a political Houdini and the great question hanging over Pakistan is whether he can eventually make a comeback. Nobody’s writing him off just yet.
    A) it’s certainly clear someone wanted Sharif out, nobody seems exactly sure why
    B) For some time, it’s been clear the ‘Establishment,’ the codeword for the army and other powerful forces
    C) The bottom line for India, though, is that the man who was most favourable to peacemaking moves has been unceremoniously moved out
    D) Sections of the Pakistan army believe Sharif was determined to make peace with India or at least smooth tensions
    E) None of these.

    View Answer
      Option B
  2. India has become rather secretive about its negotiating stance in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) — a trade bloc of 16 countries (Asean plus Japan, China, South Korea, India, Australia and New Zealand) which accounts for over 40 per cent of the world’s population and output. …………………………………………..Surely, this is no way to conduct discussions on tariff lines for farm and industry products, e-commerce, intellectual property, the opening up of services and government procurement, impacting the livelihoods of millions of people.
    A) This is disconcerting in view of reports in the wake of the Hanoi meeting, which were neither confirmed nor denied by the Government
    B) Fears pertain in particular to opening up industrial sectors to China — India’s largest trading partner with whom it already runs a trade deficit of over $50 billion
    C) Imports of not just palm oil and coal, but chemicals, iron and steel, rubber, plastics and chemicals have impacted vast sectors of the economy.
    D) If the outcome of the Hanoi meet held about two months back was unclear, the recently concluded Hyderabad meet has left stakeholders in the dark.
    E) None of these.

    View Answer
      Option D
  3. Having tasted success with its maiden equity investments over the last two years, the Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) is readying to increase its bets this year. ………………………………….allocation from 10 per cent of its annual deposits to 15 per cent this fiscal. This is likely to funnel nearly Rs22,500 crore of EPFO money into stocks.
    A) The Minister for Labour recently revealed that the Central Board of Trustees had recommended increasing the EPFO’s equity
    B) The fund has cited the good returns on its equity portfolio as the reason for raising its exposure from 5 to 15 per cent in the last two years
    C) while the fund has been tom-tomming its equity gains of over 13 per cent, that’s not a very impressive return for a nearly two-year holding period
    D) Returns in the stock market always come in fits and starts, and extrapolating a recent good spell can lead to future disappointments
    E) None of these.

    View Answer
      Option A
  4. SEBI’s revelation that nearly 1,088 companies which were earlier listed on the Regional Stock Exchanges may join the ranks of vanished companies on Indian bourses, hardly comes as a surprise. ………………………….with the rise of the two pan-India electronic exchanges. They were also home to many dubious fund-raisers from the 1994-95 IPO boom
    A) Regional exchanges were steadily losing their relevance from the late nineties
    B) bar them from markets or include them in the vanishing companies list
    C) bringing the promoters of these companies to book may be an uphill task today
    D) the regulators can certainly beef up their early warnings systems to prevent a recurrence of such issues in future.
    E) None of these.

    View Answer
      Option A
  5. Trading halts are not uncommon in global stock exchanges. In July 2015,……………………….. Other exchanges such as the Nasdaq, Intercontinental Exchange and Chicago Mercantile Exchange too experienced partial or complete trading halts in the last decade. The over-reliance on technology for stock market operations globally makes such events imminent.
    A) the BSE has insignificant presence in the equity derivative segment
    B) with the need to activate the back-up or the disaster recovery servers, the exchange needs to have plans to handle minor malfunctions
    C) the NYSE had to suspend trading in all the stocks for almost two hours due to a configuration problem
    D) derivative segment was also shut down immediately after as it is not possible
    E) None of these.

    View Answer
      Option C
  6. Corporate governance has become a movement across the globe. There is fresh thinking at Board level to arrive at new institutional mechanism, codes and standards, strategy formulation and its execution………………….to finally decide the rating of the enterprise.
    A) Ethics are essential as they extends beyond corporate law.
    B) Any accreditation and evaluation of corporate governance would require objective oriented criteria
    C) there is no well-recognised accreditation model to evaluate this in different enterprises.
    D) corporate governance norms would help in developing benchmarks, thereby promoting better adherence to corporate governance norms
    E) None of these.

    View Answer
      Option B
  7. The accreditation framework should be based on the four pillars of corporate governance i.e. Fairness, Transparency, Accountability and Responsibility. ……………….. which would be measured by their satisfaction with respect to quality of the product, service quality/ response time and after sale service.
    A) It is essential that the questions should cover all aspects of corporate governance.
    B) it should be made mandatory for all listed companies and companies proposing to list their scripts
    C) The process should be comprehensive in coverage and aim at covering all stakeholders
    D) There shall be multiple micro parameters such as how much customers are delighted
    E) None of these.

    View Answer
      Option D
  8. The e-waybill would emerge as the most intensively used declaration document in India. Since all goods subject to GST that move on the road would have to potentially create an e-waybill, …………………… Thus the rules and format from an ‘ease of doing business’ point of view is important.
    A) this would means millions of such e-waybills being generated every day.
    B) officer would have all the information related to the truck and the shipments on her screen
    C) number plate of the vehicle tagged to the VAHAN database approaches a modern automated check-point
    D) it requires generation of e-waybill even for intra-State movement
    E) None of these.

    View Answer
      Option A
  9. Trucks are not stopped only by tax-related check-posts. Seventeen different laws regulate the movement of goods in India. Transport-related regulations that check for fitness of the vehicle, overloading, and a host of other transport regulations is one major reason trucks are stopped and inspected. ……………………..commodity-specific controls and so on are some of the other reasons why trucks could be stopped or inspected.
    A) To change the vehicle number every time the shipment changes trucks
    B) Since such movements were earlier exempt from the requirement in most States
    C) Regulations related to the transport of hazardous goods, forest produce
    D) This would mean shifting the responsibility of generating the e-waybill from the shipper to the transporter
    E) None of these.

    View Answer
      Option C
  10. A government that is depending on data analytics is surely bound to have enough data to ensure that Budget allocations to agriculture are adequate even during times when the monsoons decide not to show up. ………………….it is not that the Government does not have any options. When all else fails, they can always pass an Ordinance.
    A) Government that is depending on data analytics is surely bound to have enough data
    B) Even if there is a need for some urgent allocations
    C) Changing to a calendar year would mean that the Budget would have to be presented in November
    D) The decision to change the fiscal year does not seem to have a reason that would make everyone question why it was not thought of before.
    E) None of these.

    View Answer
      Option B

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