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English Quiz On Cloze Test Day 7 Bag

English Quiz On Cloze Test Day 7 Bag


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D.1-10): In the following passage there are words highlighted, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four words are suggested marked as (a), (b), (c) and (d) out of which only one word fits in. If the given word itself is appropriate mark your answer as (e).

 

What news stories and numbers could not do, one photograph of a three-year-old Syrian toddler washed up on a beach in Turkey did. It shook the European Union from its [apathy] (1) about folk who perish while fleeing to safer havens. European Union leaders now sheepishly accept their failure to [exasperate] (2) the plight of these desperate people. In the first eight months of 2015, 3,50,000 people migrated to Europe by sea, higher than the 2014 record of 2,19,000, reflecting the distress in Syria, Iraq, northern Africa, Afghanistan, Pakistan and so on. Germany and Sweden keep their doors relatively [sweltered] (3); Hungary has the most liberal policy regarding immigrants: of all Schengen nations, it hosts the highest numbers of asylum seekers as a percentage of its population. The rest of the European Union [should] (4) learn from it. An open-door policy helps host nations. Opinion is near-unanimous that immigrants work harder than locals, bring new [ardour] (5) and skills, and add to the national productivity. The best example, of course, is America, a nation built, nurtured and made [shoddy] (6) by successive waves of immigration. This is an acceptance of the reality of human evolution, and our global spread. Our ancestors travelled out of Africa ages ago. Over millennia, this relatively physically feeble creature populated continents and crossed oceans. The urge to [jaunt] (7) — whether from distress or for better opportunities — is part of our nature. This should inform policies on immigration. We and our neighbours have to evolve, instead of playing politics about ‘illegal’ immigrants and citizenship. We must stop [exalting] (8) political football with Bengali speaking Muslims in the northeast and Chakmas, a relatively small Buddhist population spread along Bangladesh, Tripura and Mizoram. The latter’s Christian majority [comforts] (9) Chakmas and makes them stateless. Tripura, in contrast, has been a generous host. Close by, Buddhist-majority Burma persecutes Rohingyas, Muslim natives of the Arakan Hills [repudiated] (10)

between Bangladesh and Burma. Emulate the US (in its formative state, not its present, Trumped up one), not North Korea.

 

Question 1

Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A fervor

B disquietude

C vehemence

D accrual

E no change required

 

The sentence has a negative context. It means that the photograph moved the European Union’s view. ‘Apathy’ is the most suitable response. It means ‘uncaring attitude/lack of interest’.

Fervor means intense and passionate feeling.

Disquietude means a state of uneasiness or anxiety.

Vehemence means great forcefulness or intensity of feeling or expression.

Accrual means growth.

 

Question 2

Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A Alleviate

B Evict

C Aggrandize

D Augment

E no change required

 

The sentence means that the EU leaders have now accepted their failure to do anything good for the desperate people. Corresponding to it, ‘Alleviate’ is the most suitable response. It means ‘relieve/lessen’. Plight means a dangerous, difficult, or otherwise unfortunate situation.

Evict means expel (someone) from a property, especially with the support of the law.

Aggrandize means increase the power, status, or wealth of.

Augment means make (something) greater by adding to it; increase.

 

Question 3

Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A Clinched

B deferred

C beetled

D gaped

E no change required

 

‘Gaped’ is the most suitable response. It means ‘wide open’. It can be inferred from the following lines which talk about an open door policy. The use of the word ‘relatively’ highlights a contrast between the two contexts.

 

Clinch means confirm or settle (a contract or bargain).

Defer means put off (an action or event) to a later time; postpone.

Beetle means make one’s way hurriedly.

Swelter means be uncomfortably hot.

 

Question 4

Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A Shall

B Would

C Will

D Could

E no change required

 

‘Should’ should be used to make the sentence grammatically correct.

 

Question 5

Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A Expertise

B Semblance

C Analogy

D Veneer

E no change required

 

‘Expertise’ is the most suitable response. It means ‘knowledge/information’.

Ardor means great enthusiasm or passion.

Semblance means the outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different.

Analogy means a comparison between one thing and another, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification.

Veneer means an attractive appearance that covers or disguises someone or something’s true nature or feelings.

Since the word following the blank is ‘skills’, expertise is the most suitable response.

 

Question 6

Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A Debilitated

B Affluent

C Morose

D Uncanny

E no change required

 

The sentence has a positive context hence a word in the similar context is required.

 

‘Affluent’ is the most suitable response. It means successful thriving.

Debilitate means make (someone) very weak and infirm.

Morose means sullen and ill-tempered.

Uncanny means strange or mysterious, especially in an unsettling way.

Shoddy means badly made or done.

 

Question 7

Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A Mutate

B Strut

C Migrate

D Apostatize

E no change required

 

The preceding line indicates travel.

 

‘Migrate’ is the most suitable response. It means to move/travel to another place.

Jaunt means a short excursion or journey made for pleasure.

Mutate means change in form or nature.

Strut means to walk with a stiff, erect, and apparently arrogant or conceited gait.

Apostatize means renounce a religious or political belief or principle.

 

Question 8

Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A Kicking

B Playing

C Inflating

D Augmenting

E no change required

 

‘Playing’ is the most suitable response grammatically as well as contextually.

 

Question 9

Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A Ignores

B Expedites

C Assuages

D Persecutes

E no change required

 

The sentence has a negative context and indicates some ill-treatment.

‘Persecutes’ is the most suitable response. It means ‘torment i.e.severe physical or mental suffering’.

Ignores is a less severe word than persecutes, hence it is ruled out.

Expedite means make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.

Assuage means make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense.

Comfort means a state of physical ease and freedom from pain or constraint, ease the grief or distress of.

 

Question 10

Find out the appropriate word in each case.

A Ostracized

B Bated

C Unsolicited

D Shared

E no change required

 

The word in the blank defines the hills. ‘Shared’ is the most suitable response grammatically as well as contextually.

 

COMPUTER security is a contradiction in terms. Consider the past year (1)_______[unaided] : cyberthieves stole $81m from the central bank of Bangladesh; the $4.8bn takeover of Yahoo, an internet firm, by Verizon, a telecoms firm, was nearly derailed by two (2)______ [common] data breaches; and Russian hackers (3)________ [dominated] in the American presidential election.

 

Away from the headlines, a black market in computerised extortion, hacking-for-hire and stolen digital goods is (4)______[departing]. The problem is about to get (5)_____ [better] . Computers increasingly deal not just with abstract data like credit-card details and databases, but also with the (6)_____ [dynamic] world of physical objects and vulnerable human bodies. A modern car is a computer on wheels; an aeroplane is a computer with wings. The arrival of the “Internet of Things” will see computers baked into everything from road signs and MRI scanners to prosthetics and insulin pumps. There is little evidence that these gadgets will be any more (7)_____ [trustworthy] than their desktop counterparts. Hackers have already proved that they can take remote control of connected cars and pacemakers.

 

It is tempting to believe that the security problem can be solved with yet more technical wizardry and a call for heightened (8)______ [leapfrog] . And it is certainly true that many firms still (9)_____ [charge] to take security seriously enough. That requires a kind of cultivated paranoia which does not come naturally to non-tech firms. Companies of all stripes should (10)____ [envelope] initiatives like “bug bounty” programmes, whereby firms reward ethical hackers for discovering flaws so that they can be fixed before they are taken advantage of.

 

But there is no way to make computers completely safe. Software is hugely complex. Across its products, Google must manage around 2bn lines of source code—errors are inevitable. The average program has 14 separate vulnerabilities, each of them a potential point of illicit entry. Such weaknesses are compounded by the history of the internet, in which security was an afterthought

1.

  1. A) differently
  2. B) alone
  3. C) vacant
  4. D) aside
  5. E) No Change Required

 

Option B

Explanation: alone

2.

  1. A) tiny
  2. B) loud
  3. C) enormous
  4. D) unnatural
  5. E) No Change Required

 

Option C

Explanation: enormous

3.

  1. A) interfered
  2. B) prevented
  3. C) baffled
  4. D) opposed
  5. E) No Change Required

 

Option A

Explanation: interfered

4.

  1. A) changing
  2. B) failing
  3. C) oppressing
  4. D) booming
  5. E) No Change Required

 

Option D

Explanation: booming

5.

  1. A) weak
  2. B) worse
  3. C) precinct
  4. D) mischance
  5. E) No Change Required

 

Option B

Explanation: worse

6.

  1. A) solid
  2. B) stable
  3. C) real
  4. D) sensible
  5. E) No Change Required

 

Option C

Explanation: abstract and real

7.

  1. A) damaging
  2. B) easy
  3. C) fast
  4. D) convenient
  5. E) No Change Required

Option E

Explanation: trustworthy

8.

  1. A) control
  2. B) despair
  3. C) vigilance
  4. D) manque
  5. E) No Change Required

 

Option C

Explanation: vigilance

9.

  1. A) deny
  2. B) appear
  3. C) incite
  4. D) fail
  5. E) No Change Required

 

Option D

Explanation: fail

10.

  1. A) embrace
  2. B) secure
  3. C) grab
  4. D) grip
  5. E) No Change Required

 

Option A

Explanation: embrace

Between 1999 and 2014 sales of prescription opioid drugs almost quadrupled in America, an increase that came not simply _(1)__(in response with) patient suffering but because more of the population are addicted to these powerful drugs. Such is the demand for them, Americans now consume four-fifths of the global supply.

 

Growth on this scale has been profitable for some: OxyContin, a popular opioid made by Purdue Pharma, a drug company in Stamford, Connecticut, has made its _(2)__(artist)tens of billions of dollars . But more broadly it has spelled _(3)__(misfortue). Deaths from opioid use in America quadrupled over the same period. About 90 people die every day, according to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention

 

That _(4)__(aptness) between corporate success and private pain has become a matter of public interest. On March 28th Senator Claire McCaskill, a Democrat from Missouri, said that she would investigate the role that pharma firms played in creating the opioid _(5)__(pass). Through a committee that oversees issues of homeland security and government affairs, she has written to five makers of prescription painkillers—Purdue Pharma, Depomed, Janssen/Johnson & Johnson, Insys Therapeutics and Mylan. She is demanding internal corporate documents _(6)__(enlarge) back over five years.

1

  1. A) to respond for
  2. B) responded
  3. C) in response
  4. D) in response to
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option D

2.

  1. A) creator
  2. B) manufacturer
  3. C) maker
  4. D) builder
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option B

3.

  1. A) adversity
  2. B) tragedy
  3. C) woe
  4. D) mishap
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option B

4.

  1. A) discrepancy
  2. B) conflict
  3. C) dissonance
  4. D) disaccord
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option C

 

5.

  1. A) difficulty
  2. B) emergency
  3. C) pinch
  4. D) crisis
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option C

 

6.

  1. A) extending
  2. B) stretching
  3. C) widening
  4. D) broadening
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option C

 

The message from Xiamen sounded _(1)__ (confirmed)crystal clear. India and China are determined to put behind them what one Indian official described as the ‘D-Word’. Instead, Xi Jinping _(2)__(swept) eloquent ___(about) the Panchsheel principles and Prime Minister Narendra Modi said pointedly about Doklam: “Both of us know what happened. This was not a backward-looking conversation. It was forward-looking.” The Indian delegation was also delighted China agreed to name-and-shame Pakistan-based terrorist groups like Lashkar-e-Taiba and the Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) in the final Xiamen Declaration. This was the first time BRICS _(3)__ (named) the groups, though it wasn’t quite the breakthrough it was initially _(4)__ (quiet) as because these terrorist groups were also named at the Heart of Asia ministerial conference in Amritsar last year. India’s now waiting to see if China will block its (5)__(tender) to designate JeM chief Masood Azhar a global terrorist.

1.

  1. A) cheeringly
  2. B) hearteningly
  3. C) reassuringly
  4. D) calmingly
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option C

2.

  1. A) waxed
  2. B) lissom
  3. C) grew
  4. D) plastic
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option A

3.

  1. A) over
  2. B) for
  3. C) at
  4. D) towards
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option E

4.

  1. A) had been named
  2. B) has named
  3. C) had named
  4. D) nmaed
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option C

5.

  1. A) delneated
  2. B) portrayed
  3. C) rendered
  4. D) characterized
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option B

6.

  1. A) order
  2. B) demnad
  3. C) stand
  4. D) bid
  5. E) No Correction required

 

Option D

 

The Centre has empowered the Reserve Bank of India to get banks to take tougher steps, including insolvency and bankruptcy proceedings against defaulters, to address the growing volume of bad loans on their books. An ordinance to amend the Banking Regulation Act of 1949 has been issued to________ (1) put down doubts whether the existing provisions allowed the RBI to direct banks to deal with specific stressed assets. The RBI has also been vested with the power to form oversight committees wherever it deems fit. Currently such committees exist only for loans brought into a scheme for sustainable structuring of stressed assets, also known as S4A. Now the RBI can bring in such panels to monitor the alphabet soup of other mechanisms for tackling non-performing assets (NPAs) such as SDR (strategic debt restructuring) through the JLFs, or joint lenders’ forums. The hope is that this will let bankers take ________ (2) trivial calls on loan accounts that have turned bad, as an independent oversight committee’s approval could keep investigative agencies off their backs. Bankers may not always have the sectoral expertise to monetise or ________ (3) leverage assets underlying bad loans in the best possible way. Yet, their_________ (4) bottom out on the NPA front, with its _________ (5) coincident impact being the worst bank credit growth recorded in decades, is driven by the fear that they could get themselves _________ (6) implicated for poor lending and monitoring decisions. The success of this latest salvo against bad loans will depend on the fine print on how the ultimate decision — whether to take a haircut on a loan and restructure it or _________ (7) answer bankruptcy clauses — is arrived at. Perhaps of equal significance is the reshuffle of certain public sector bank officials announced on Friday. This is a clear signal that the NDA government is losing its patience with bankers persisting with a status quoits approach. The ordinance is the latest attempt to resolve the twin balance sheet problem (of indebted borrowers and NPA-burdened lenders) _________ (8) infesting India’s domestic investment cycle. In 2015, the Prime Minister launched a Gyan Sangam conclave with bankers, and an Indradhanush road map to __________ (9) reanimate public sector banks. Last year, a Bank Board Bureau was set up to recommend the appointment of top bosses at banks and help them develop strategies and plan raising of capital. If the government wants to see a _________ (10) spurt in investment and job-creation, it needs to do more than just pin its hopes on new oversight committees. It must amend the anticorruption law as has been promised for a while now, and accept the need to fix the policy-level stress affecting sectors such as telecom, power and highways. Above all, the government cannot in the same breath argue that the political cost of reforms is dissipating, but that the ‘re-privatisation’ of banks as mooted by the RBI recently is still a holy cow for the Indian polity.

 

1.

 

(a) Extinguish

 

(b) Compliment

 

(c) Subdue

 

(d) Quell

 

(e) No Change Required

 

 

(d) Quell

 

2.

 

(a) Decisive

 

(b) Influential

 

(c) Resolute

 

(d) Indefinite

 

(e) No Change Required

 

 

 

(a) Decisive

 

3.

 

(a) Undominated

 

(b) Retention

 

(c) Blemish

 

(d) Assimilation

 

(e) No Change Required

 

 

 

(e) No Change Required

 

4.

 

(a) Dislocation

 

(b) Inactivity

 

(c) Paralysis

 

(d) Convexity

 

(e) No Change Required

 

 

 

(c) Paralysis

 

5.

 

(a) Complementary

 

(b) Collateral

 

(c) Disparate

 

(d) Homogeneous

 

(e) No Change Required

 

 

 

(b) Collateral

 

6.

 

(a) Lookout

 

(b) Hooked

 

(c) Certain

 

(d) Speculate

 

(e) No Change Required

 

 

 

(e) No Change Required

 

7.

 

(a) Pray

 

(b) Invoke

 

(c) Obligate

 

(d) Indebt

 

(e) No Change Required

 

 

 

(b) Invoke

 

8.

 

(a) Affirming

 

(b) Chafing

 

(c) Assisting

 

(d) Plauging

 

(e) No Change Required

 

 

 

(d) Plauging

 

9.

 

(a) Revitalise

 

(b) Exhilarate

 

(c) Dissuade

 

(d) Stimulate

 

(e) No Change Required

 

 

 

10.

 

(a) Charge

 

(b) Stream

 

(c) Continuity

 

(d) Dovetailing

 

(e) No Change Required

 

 

 

(e) No Change Required

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