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English Quiz On Paragraph Fillers Day 18 Bag

English Quiz On Paragraph Fillers Day 18 Bag


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Directions: In each question a sentence is given followed by a blank. Each blank is followed by three options and you have to determine which option can be used in place of blank to make it a meaningful sentence and mark it as your answer.

 

Credit rating agencies may be in for a tough ride as the Securities and Exchange Board of India …………………..

  1. continues to tighten the screws on them
  2. has released a consultation paper seeking feedback

iii. may not have any substantial impact on the quality of credit rating

A)Only i

B)Both i and ii

C)Both ii and iii

D)Only iii

E)None of these

 

Option B

 

An economist is a practitioner in the social science discipline of economics. An economist is one who……………………..

  1. has attained a Ph.D. in economics, teaches economic science
  2. believe their profession

iii. are awarded in economics.

  1. A) All of these
  2. B) None of these
  3. C) All except i
  4. D) Only i
  5. E) Both i and iii

 

Option D

 

The much touted launch of the bullet train is a matter of pride. Still,

  1. the project will generate employment
  2. there are many more pressing issues to consider

iii. the objective of growth will not be achieved

  1. A) Only i

B)Only ii

C)Only iii

D)All of these

E)None of these

 

Option D

 

For a country which is a major global player in the global pharmaceuticals sector and whose prowess in generic formulations is feared by the world’s pharmaceuticals behemoths, it may come as a surprise to many that India…………..

  1. doesn’t have a full-fledged ministry for pharmaceuticals.
  2. has a ministry for practically every letter of the alphabet.

iii. has its own ministry

A)only i

B)Both i nad ii

C)Both ii and iii

D)Only ii

E)None of these

 

Option B

 

Treatment of panic attacks should be directed at the underlying cause. In those with frequent attacks……………….

  1. begin during puberty or early adulthood.
  2. counselling or medications may be used.

iii. produce similar symptoms including hyperthyroidism.

  1. A) Only i

B)Only ii

C)Only iii

D)None of these

E)All of these

 

Option B

 

Yoga gurus from India later introduced yoga to the west, following the success of Swami Vivekananda in the late 19th and early 20th century. In the 1980s, yoga became popular as…………………………

  1. a system of physical exercise across the Western world.
  2. others suggesting yoga may reduce risk factors.

iii. describing yoga-practices is unclear

A)Only i

B)Only ii

C)Only iii

D)Both i and ii

E)Both ii and iii

 

Option A

 

Public relations is the process of providing information to the public in order to present a specific view of a product or organization. Public relations differs from advertising in that……………………..

  1. involves looking at how news is produced
  2. public relations professionals only have control until the message is related to media gatekeepers

iii. it is  less obtrusive, and aimed at providing a more comprehensive opinion to a large audience

  1. A) Both i and ii
  2. B) Both ii and iii
  3. C) Both i and iii
  4. D) Only i
  5. E) Only ii

 

Option B

 

Communism and all other similar isms bear no relationship whatever to the United Order. They are merely……………….

  1. the most beneficial elements of left anarchism
  2. the clumsy counterfeits which Satan always devises of the Gospel plan

iii. founded by Alpheus Cutler and headquartered in Independence, Missouri.

  1. A) Only i

B)Only ii

C)Only iii

D)None of these

E)All of these

 

Option B

 

Liberal feminism seeks social reform through policy change and is epitomized by the Equal Rights Amendment. Liberal feminists…………………..

  1. believe all people should be considered equal under the law
  2. want to change society by using the established institutions of power, like our federal government.

iii. believes many of those institutions themselves are inherently sexist.

A)Only i

B)Both i and ii

C)Both ii and iii

D)Both i and iii

E)None of these

 

Option B

 

Explanation:Option iii is believed by radical feminist

On the occasion, Abe said the Indo-Japan partnership is special, strategic and global. A strong India is in………………

  1. Japan’s interest and a strong Japan is in India’s interest,
  2. the beautiful scenery of India through the windows of the bullet train

iii. project between Ahmedabad and Mumbai

A)Both i and ii

B)All of these

C)None of these

D)Both ii and iii

E)Only i

 

Option E

 

The unprecedented outbreak of violence and arson that followed the conviction by a CBI court of the Dera Sacha Sauda’s maverick chief Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh leads to….

i.death of 30 people

ii.imposition of curfew

iii. Injury of 250 people

  1. A) Only i
  2. B) Only ii
  3. C) Both i and ii
  4. D) Both ii and iii
  5. E) All of these

 

Option E

Explanation:

 

As the statement says that ‘there is unprecedented violence and arson” hence death, injury and curfew is an obvious issue.

After an anonymous letter was sent by a Dera ‘sadhvi’ in 2002 to Prime Minister AB Vajpayee, the district court in Sirsa tried but ….

  1. to get evidence against the accused
  2. the Haryana CM fiddled while Panchkula burned.

iii. failed as the terrorised victims refused to speak out.

  1. A) Only i
  2. B) only ii
  3. C) Both i and ii
  4. D) Both ii and iii
  5. E) Both i and iii

 

Option A

Explanation:

 

As the statement ends with “but” so it must follow a contradictory statement.

Not having a consensus is welcome but having a hidden agenda will lead to ……

  1. data availability and methodological robustness.
  2. decisions that will weaken institutions and the policy framework.

iii. long term implications for growth.

  1. A) Only i
  2. B) Both i and ii
  3. C) Both ii and iii
  4. D) Only ii
  5. E) None of these

 

Option C

 

People often wonder if machines can take over the stock markets with algorithmic trading why not accounting? But then, these algorithms….

  1. run on standardised data sets of stock prices, interest rates, unemployment rates etc.
  2. run on equations built on historical data and linked to variables available in homogeneous forms.

iii. dominate the auditing profession.

  1. A) Only i
  2. B) Only ii
  3. C) Both ii and iii
  4. D) Only iii
  5. E) All of these

 

Option E

 

But over-enthusiastic taxpayers end up submitting the forms without doing a cross-check because they are not sure when the portal will go kaput. If there is anything that accountants have learned from the first GST filing, it is ………

  1. to ensure that the ‘submit’ button is clicked only after a comprehensive audit of everything
  2. to the amount in the liability ledger to avoid penalty

iii. to cough up an additional amount of ₹22.27 lakhs in tax.

  1. A) Only ii
  2. B) All except i
  3. C) Both ii and iii
  4. D) Only iii
  5. E) None of these

 

Option B

 

In modern cricket, mystery spinners need to be able to…

  1. beat both the batsmen and the coaches armed with their computers
  2. to develop ‘mystery’ deliveries

iii. to get back to the roots of their craft

  1. A) Only i
  2. B) All except iii
  3. C) Both i and ii
  4. D) All except ii
  5. E) None of these

 

Option D

 

The reason why jobs are top of mind for those who are running the government…

i.is not hard to fathom

  1. that jobless growth will go against them

iii. is the lack of market strategy

  1. A) Only i
  2. B) Only ii
  3. C) Only iii
  4. D) Both i and ii
  5. E) both ii and iii

 

Option D

Explanation: “job concern” is not related with “market strategy”

 

Whatever critical paradigm we use to discuss and analyze it, literature is important to us because…

  1. it speaks to us
  2. it is universal

iii.  it affects us on a deeply personal level

  1. A) Only i
  2. B) Only ii
  3. C) Only iii
  4. D) All of these
  5. E) None of these

 

Option D

 

Online stores typically enable shoppers to use “search” features to find specific models, brands or items. Online customers must have ….

  1. access to the Internet and a valid method of payment in order to complete a transaction
  2. to the customer; for digital products, such as digital audio files of songs or software

iii. to enable businesses to buy from another businesses

  1. A) All except i
  2. B) Both i and ii
  3. C) All except ii
  4. D) Both ii and iii
  5. E) None of these

 

Option E

Explanation: Only i is the right answer

 

Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance or fragrance of the body. Many cosmetics are…

i.designed for use of applying to the face and hair

  1. generally mixtures of chemical compounds

iii. applied to the face to enhance its appearance

  1. A) only i
  2. B) only ii
  3. C) Both i and ii
  4. D) All of these
  5. E) None of these

 

Option D

 

The small, 20-basis point increase in Indian households’ allocation to financial savings has been widely celebrated in the last two years as a structural shift. Such celebration, however, may have been premature going by the findings of an expert committee on household finances commissioned by the RBI. The committee, chaired by Tarun Ramadorai, unearths deep-rooted cultural and structural causes for ………and sit on unproductive physical assets. The findings call for a reboot in the current policy approach towards savings and investment products.

  1. A) very few Indians are investing towards retirement,
  2. B) why Indian households across the spectrum avoid financial products
  3. C) these recommendations are eminently sensible, their implementation is unlikely to prove easy
  4. D) why Indians find financial products daunting
  5. E) None of these

 

Option B

Explanation: A- retirement plans are not discussed

C- Committee is finding some causes and is not keen on giving recommendations

D- Passage does not talk about “INDIANS” it specifies “Indian households’ allocation”

 

Rail mishaps are not an uncommon occurrence in India, but rarely does one see heads roll at the very top. After the August 19 mishap when the Puri-Haridwar Utkal Express derailed near Muzaffarnagar and killed over 20 people, the Railway Board chairman and member (engineering) were sent packing. Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu has offered to resign, but the Prime Minister has asked him to wait rather than reject his offer outright — ………….

  1. A) a moot point whether replacing Prabhu will improve matters
  2. B) an indication that the latter is not pleased with the functioning of the railways
  3. C) a persistent shortage of loco pilots, with nearly 19,000 vacancies
  4. D) a shift to LHB coaches that do not pile up on top of each other in the event of derailment should be expedited
  5. E) None of these

 

Option B

Explanation: Since sentence is talking about The Supremo’s decision so B suits best.

 

It isn’t often that we’re given the privilege of watching history unfold before our eyes. But the privacy judgement handed down by a nine-judge bench of the Supreme Court is ……….. And it’s safe to say that the learned judges have in five separate judgments come down on the side of the angels by unanimously declaring that privacy is a fundamental right protected by Article 21 and Part III of the Constitution. To make their position crystal clear, the judges also did a considerable amount of judicial cleaning up and specifically overruled earlier judgments like MP Sharma and Kharak Singh to the extent they held that privacy was not a fundamental right.

  1. A) that privacy was a concept foreign to India and one enjoyed only by the more affluent classes
  2. B) that the poor need no civil and political rights and are concerned only with economic well-being
  3. C) that privacy is a concept that cannot be defined
  4. D) one that will be scrutinised and interpreted for decades.
  5. E) None of these

 

Option D

Explanation: A– The sentence “declaring that privacy is a fundamental right” discards option A

B – Right of privacy is under limelght. Nothing has been said about the poor.

 

The Supreme Court has once again stepped in where successive legislatures have failed to tread. On critical counts of ensuring relief to the individual concerned while also protecting a woman’s right and legitimacy as an equal citizen, the apex court’s judgment holding instant and irrevocable talaq unconstitutional has rightfully been hailed as historic. Although the Court had, in Shamim Ara versus State of UP, already invalidated triple talaq in 2002, the majority judgment in the latest case takes a significant step forward by underlining ……….under Article 25 (freedom of religion) of the Constitution. The triumvirate of judges who prevailed over Chief Justice JS Khehar and Justice S Abdul Naseer asserted that since the 1937 Sharia Application Act mentions the word talaq, it was no longer a personal law to escape the scope of the fundamental rights

  1. A) which had also been challenged through the PIL
  2. B) that the legislature missed the opportunity to address
  3. C) that this utterly unjust practice is not protected
  4. D) unearths deep-rooted cultural and structural causes
  5. E) None of these

 

Option C

Explanation:

 

Since article 25 says about freedom of religion and  the apex court’s earlier verdict  of holding irrevocable talaq “unconstitutional”, makes option C valid.

More than ten days after over 70 children having died at the Baba Raghav Das Memorial Hospital in Gorakhpur, it is still not clear what caused the colossal loss of lives. The paucity of oxygen cylinders, which led to 30 children dying on August 10 and 11 according to official reports, seems to have been the immediate factor. The run-up of events leading to this situation needs to be established by an independent inquiry and the guilty punished. This points to a systems failure in the hospital, which is incidentally a major healthcare provider for about 15 districts in Uttar Pradesh, besides people from neighbouring Nepal. In the last one week, the supposed role of Japanese encephalitis has come into the picture, even as it became evident ……

  1. A) that there are only 25 medical colleges, public and private
  2. B) that children were succumbing to a range of ailments.
  3. C) that over-reliance on the private sector can be misplaced
  4. D) healthcare requires attention in terms of funds and quality of personnel
  5. E) None of these

 

Option B

Explanation:

Passage talks about “cause of colossal loss of life” hence, D cannot be fitted in.

 

Bitcoin, the world’s most popular virtual currency that was first mined in 2008, can no longer be ignored as just another passing geek fad. The market capitalisation of bitcoins currently stands at $67 billion and daily traded volumes crossed $2 billion last week. The RBI has so far adopted a conservative approach in dealing with virtual currencies, cautioning investors about the risks in 2013 and recently releasing a statement saying that …….. and that anyone dealing in these currencies are doing so at their own risk.

  1. A) bitcoin transaction is recorded and verified in open ledgers called block-chains
  2. B) the sharp increase in recent months is a case in point
  3. C) the bitcoin exchanges in the country are operating without the central bank’s permission the bitcoin exchanges in the country are operating without the central bank’s permission
  4. D) the purview of SEBI with the stock market regulator framing rules for registering exchanges
  5. E) None of these

 

Option C

 

There’s an air of resignation overhanging the highly charged world of American politics and we’re not just talking about the steady exodus from the White House. President Donald Trump’s legions of enemies concede that despite his wild statements and unpredictable actions, he’s got over three years to go and he’s also still able to strike an unexpected chord with many US voters. Last week, when Trump refused to condemn neo-Nazis outright and also lost his key right-hand man Steve Bannon, ……… — not for the first time — that it was Trump’s worst week yet.

  1. A) that hands down weighty judgments has put Trump on its cover
  2. B) his enemies collectively clutched their heads and declared
  3. C) where we’re facing the Chinese, there’s a growing sense that we may be on our own
  4. D) we may have to proceed all the more carefully in the days ahead
  5. E) None of these

 

Option B

 

For long, Indian investors have believed that widely held institutionally-owned companies are better governed and less vulnerable to pulls and pushes from promoters than family-owned businesses. But this has been conclusively disproved by the unsavoury turn of events at Infosys, once the poster-child for corporate governance. On Friday, Infosys’ CEO Vishal Sikka tendered his resignation, stating that “baseless personal attacks” and a “continuous drumbeat of distractions” ………..

  1. A) has countered these allegations and demonstrated that it followed due processes
  2. B) had the necessary approvals from shareholders and the board
  3. C) have had complaints with Infosys’ management
  4. D) had made it difficult for him to focus on his job
  5. E) None of these

 

Option D

 

After shrinking to an eight-year low in FY17, India’s bullion import bill is showing signs of bloating again. Latest data from the commerce ministry indicate that gold imports in the first four months of this fiscal, at $13.35 billion, doubled in value from the year-ago period. This contributed to a threefold expansion in the merchandise trade deficit to $34 billion. Given that ……

  1. A) imports on this count have begun to normalise
  2. B) gold imports spiked in July as some sections of trade exploited a tariff loophole
  3. C) gold imports have been a wild card factor in trade imbalances
  4. D) the Centre should urgently consider measures such as a safeguard duty
  5. E) None of these

 

Option C

Explanation: D- is an incomplete sentence hence discarded.

 

Unlike most other industries, automakers were an ecstatic lot last month when the GST was rolled out. Strangely enough, the new tariff structures put in place by the GST Council ended up lowering the effective tax rates on large cars and SUVs, from 50-55 per cent to 43 per cent. This was on account of the Council fixing the cess component on these vehicles at 15 per cent, on a 28-per cent basic GST. This ran counter to the popular view, reiterated by the Courts, that car buyers must be actively dis-incentivised from acquiring large diesel-guzzling vehicles. But it turns out that this celebration was premature. …… last week, the GST Council has pegged the cess for large cars and SUVs at 25 per cent, taking their effective GST rate to 53 per cent.

  1. A) clearing up stocks
  2. B) repricing of the carried forward inventory
  3. C) pinning its hopes on Make in India
  4. D) Tweaking the cess component again
  5. E) None of these

Spoiler title

Option D

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