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English Quiz On Parajumble Day 10 Bag

English Quiz On Parajumble Day 10 Bag


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Q1.

A.That begins with bringing in data and analytics-based insights about what really matters to customers and how best to deliver it to them

B.To not only stay in the game but capture new sources of value, incumbents will need to reinvent their customer experience

C.Some companies fail to capture the full benefits of their improvement efforts because they concentrate on optimising individual touch points rather than tackling the customer experience as customers actually experience it a complete journey that cuts across multiple functions and channels

D.Digital is reshaping customer experience in almost every sector

E.disrupting the ways that companies and customers interact and setting a high bar for simplicity, personalisation and interactivity

F.Digital-first attackers are entering markets with radically new offers,

 

DFEBAC

 

Q2.

A.The idea needs to be nipped in the bud. Instead of more bank finance for long-gestation projects, what we need is a thriving corporate bond market, arm’s-length financing and multiple vetting

B.which means that large industrial houses cannot take more than 10% stake in these new financial institutions

C.A Reserve Bank of India discussion paper has called for the setting up of wholesale banks that provide long-term finance for infrastructure and greenfield projects,

D.Also, the licences are to be available ‘on tap’, so as to boost supply of loanable funds

E.The paper has proposed that the eligibility criteria for promoters of wholesale and long-term finance banks be the same as those for a ‘universal banking licence’

F.with a minimum capital requirement of Rs 1,000 crore

 

CFAEBD

 

Q3.

A.Over the decades, North Korea’s ruling Kim family has itself used the threat of force against South Korea and Japan as an effective bargaining chip.

B.Amid escalating tensions on the Korean peninsula, North Korea has warned of a nuclear attack on the US at any sign of American aggression.

C.It has conducted five nuclear tests so far, and could conduct a sixth in the face of recent US military moves.

D.This comes on the heels of Washington’s recent decision to send a naval carrier strike group to the region and US strikes against a Syrian airbase for purported use of chemical weapons.

E.That the US has already begun deploying the THAAD anti-missile defence system in South Korea shows that Washington is preparing for all possible contingencies.

F.That said, such American show of force is unlikely to move Pyongyang. On the contrary, it is likely to harden Pyongyang’s resolve to pursue its nuclear programme.

G.It appears that Washington wants to keep all its options open to get Pyongyang to abandon its nuclear programme.

 

BDGEFA

Q4.

A.Instead of more bank finance for long-gestation projects, what we need is a thriving corporate bond market, arm’s-length financing and multiple vetting.

B.which means that large industrial houses cannot take more than 10% stake in these new financial institutions.

C.Also, the licences are to be available ‘on tap’, so as to boost supply of loanable funds.

D.The idea needs to be nipped in the bud.

E.A Reserve Bank of India discussion paper has called for the setting up of wholesale banks that provide long-term finance for infrastructure and greenfield projects, with a minimum capital requirement of Rs 1,000 crore.

F.The paper has proposed that the eligibility criteria for promoters of wholesale and long-term finance banks be the same as those for a ‘universal banking licence’,

 

EDAFBC

 

Q5.

A.Most of the 40 amendments proposed have nothing to do with Article 110(1) of the Constitution, defining a Money Bill: related to changes in taxation, spending of taxpayer money, changes in Central or state accounting, etc.

B.Many of these amendments are ridiculous. The merging of tribunals is devoid of rationale.

C.The government’s move to tag substantive amendments, many of the 40 relating to diverse aspects of regulation and representation, on to the Finance Bill is an unwelcome blow to the heart of Indian democracy.

D.The government’s claim that these diverse amendments can be lumped together as a Money Bill, outside the scrutiny of the Rajya Sabha, where the BJP is in a minority, holds no water.

E.By incorporating these amendments, which include subjects as diverse as the mandatory necessity of Aadhaar numbers for income-tax returns, removing transparency in political donations and government meddling in the process of appointing appellate tribunals, the Bill seeks to bypass broader parliamentary scrutiny and debate.

 

CEDAB

 

Q6.

A.State-owned LIC is widely invested in many listed companies and should acquire the capability to take a view on business strategy, performance or approach to risks in an investee company.

B.Ditto for all other insurers.

C.The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India has done well to ask all insurers to publicly disclose their voting policies in companies where they hold stakes.

D.The need is for LIC to play an active role to understand how businesses are run and enter into a dialogue with the board for better oversight.

E.The directive, part of IRDAI’s guidelines on a stewardship code, will help raise corporate governance and returns.

F.It is also in sync with the principles adopted by institutional investors such as mutual funds, pensions funds and foreign portfolio investors,This is welcome.

 

CEFADB

 

Q7.

A.A similar stand has been taken for tighter emission norms for power plants as well.

B.It is welcome that the government did not back down on the decision to switch over to tougher emission norms codified as Bharat Stage IV (BS-IV) for automobiles.

C.This changeover was announced years ago and industry had plenty of time to switch production lines and be compliant by the deadline.

D.This is all to the good.

E.When the time comes for the automobile industry to switch over to BS-VI, on April 1, 2020, industry will know that the goalpost would not shift and will be ready with compliant vehicles probably ahead of schedule.

F.If it thought it could game the system and blackmail the government with tales of inventory build-up that would be a dead loss, it thought wrong.

 

BCFDEA

 

Q8.

A.It would make sense to deploy advances in imaging technology, ranging from holography to virtual/augmented reality at or near sites that are difficult to  reach or too fragile to be exposed to the prying eyes and phone cameras of visiting hordes.

B.That governments, central and state, are moving away from that model is welcome news.

C.The breathtaking rock-cut temples at Ajanta and Ellora, world heritage sites in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra, are a ready candidate for such embellishment.

D.For long, governments have succumbed to threatened shocks to the system, such as a spurt in unemployment and opted to let implementation slide.

E.Tourism can not just earn foreign exchange from visitors from abroad but also educate India’s own people about the richness and diversity of its cultural heritage, creating the sensibility of tolerance and accommodation a prosperous India calls for.

F.For too long, the Indian approach has been to frame laws and observe them more in the breach than otherwise.

 

EACFDB

 

Q9.

A.And yet, as disagreeable as the outcomes may have been so far, we must continue to focus on the Arab Spring uprisings, in order to uncover their root causes.

B.Like any landmark event, they have posed new and difficult questions.

C.But waning interest in the Arab uprisings reflects a deeper shift: hope for new, more representative political systems has given way to despair, as expectant revolutions have morphed into counter-revolution, civil war, failed states, and intensifying religious extremism.

D.The sixth anniversary of the Arab Spring uprisings this year came and went largely unnoticed.

E.And one of the most important is why economists failed to anticipate the unrest.

F.Unlike in previous years, there was no torrent of commentary about the tumultuous events that shook the Arab world and seemed to promise a transformation of its politics, Of course, novelty wears off over time.

 

DFCABE

 

 

Q10.

A.Likewise, the Delphi and nuTonomy driverless taxi services in Singapore have started to replace taxi drivers.

B.The idea of a tax on robots was raised last May in a draft report to the European Parliament prepared by MEP MadyDelvaux from the Committee on Legal Affairs.

C.And Doordash, which uses Starship Technologies miniature self-driving vehicles, is replacing restaurant delivery people.

D.The public reaction to Delvaux’s proposal has been overwhelmingly negative, with the notable exception of Bill Gates, who endorsed it.

E.But we should not dismiss the idea out of hand, In just the past year, we have seen the proliferation of devices such as Google Home and Amazon Echo Dot (Alexa), which replace some aspects of household help.

F.Emphasizing how robots could boost inequality, the report proposed that there might be a “need to introduce corporate reporting requirements on the extent and proportion of the contribution of robotics and AI to the economic results of a company for the purpose of taxation and social security contributions.”

 

BFDEAC

 

Q11.

A.Likewise, the Delphi and nuTonomy driverless taxi services in Singapore have started to replace taxi drivers.

B.The idea of a tax on robots was raised last May in a draft report to the European Parliament prepared by MEP MadyDelvaux from the Committee on Legal Affairs.

C.AndDoordash, which uses Starship Technologies miniature self-driving vehicles, is replacing restaurant delivery people.

D.The public reaction to Delvaux’s proposal has been overwhelmingly negative, with the notable exception of Bill Gates, who endorsed it.

E.But we should not dismiss the idea out of hand, In just the past year, we have seen the proliferation of devices such as Google Home and Amazon Echo Dot (Alexa), which replace some aspects of household help.

F.Emphasizing how robots could boost inequality, the report proposed that there might be a “need to introduce corporate reporting requirements on the extent and proportion of the contribution of robotics and AI to the economic results of a company for the purpose of taxation and social security contributions.”

 

CDEABF

 

Q12.

A.Almost 20 years ago, a pathbreaking infrastructure project that connected India like never before took off.

B.This not just connects major cities but reaches the entire country, every nook and corner, and touches every single person within. Enter the goods and  services tax (GST).

C.This month, the blueprints of an expressway just as important, if not more, may finally become a reality.

D.In more ways than one, the Golden Quadrilateral highway network has contributed in a major way to our economy through increased trade, mobility and accessibility.

E.The new highway goes beyond the Golden Quadrilateral.

 

ADCEB

Q13.

A.With today’s greater computing power and storage, deep learning is now a practical possibility, and a deep-learning application gained worldwide attention in 2016 by beating the world champion in Go.

B.Commercial enterprises and governments alike hope to adapt the technology to find useful patterns in “Big Data” of all kinds.

C.To ponder the future of AI is thus to acknowledge that the future is AI.

D.Artificial intelligence already plays a major role in human economies and societies, and it will play an even bigger role in the coming years.

E.This will be partly owing to advances in “deep learning,” which uses multilayer neural networks that were first theorized in the 1980s.

 

DCEAB

 

Q14.

A.Leading the charge are antagonistic forces – from populist political parties to separatist groups to terrorist organizations – whose actions tend to focus more on what they oppose than on what they support.

B.Nowadays, globalization’s opponents seem increasingly to be drowning out its defenders.

C.Every aspect of globalization – free trade, free movement of capital, and international migration – is under attack.

D.If they get their way, the post-World War II international order – which aimed, often successfully, to advance peace and prosperity through exchange and connection – could well collapse.

E.At first glance, the outlook appears grim.

F.Can globalization be saved?

 

BDFECA

 

Q15.

A.Leading the charge are antagonistic forces – from populist political parties to separatist groups to terrorist organizations – whose actions tend to focus more on what they oppose than on what they support.

B.Nowadays, globalization’s opponents seem increasingly to be drowning out its defenders.

C.Every aspect of globalization – free trade, free movement of capital, and international migration – is under attack.

D.If they get their way, the post-World War II international order – which aimed, often successfully, to advance peace and prosperity through exchange and connection – could well collapse.

E.At first glance, the outlook appears grim.

F.Can globalization be saved?

 

CEADBF

 

Q16.

A.It’s being said that America doesn’t produce enough STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) graduates of its own and will need to rely on Indian talent, President Donald Trump’s disinclination to admit foreigners notwithstanding.

B.If we have the talent, why can’t we have the institutions, thereby benefiting India rather than America?

C.Isro may be one such institution but India needs many, many others.

D.Heavy-handed regulation of India’s educational institutions has also stifled creativity and innovation.

E.But why does Indian talent need to be married to American institutions to succeed?

F.In that sense, as MukeshAmbani has suggested, Trump may be a blessing in disguise if he prompts India to rethink its fundamentals, and start producing and innovating instead of just feeding talent to foreign shores.

 

DAEBCF

 

Q17.

A.It’s being said that America doesn’t produce enough STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) graduates of its own and will need to rely on Indian talent, President Donald Trump’s disinclination to admit foreigners notwithstanding.

B.If we have the talent, why can’t we have the institutions, thereby benefiting India rather than America?

C.Isro may be one such institution but India needs many, many others.

D.Heavy-handed regulation of India’s educational institutions has also stifled creativity and innovation.

E.But why does Indian talent need to be married to American institutions to succeed?

F.In that sense, as MukeshAmbani has suggested, Trump may be a blessing in disguise if he prompts India to rethink its fundamentals, and start producing and innovating instead of just feeding talent to foreign shores.

 

CEADBF

 

Q18.

A.It will also be transformational for the environment, since pollution from large new coal-based power plants can be avoided.

B.Yet, performance has not matched intent and the target of installing 12 GW solar capacity in 2016-17 is far from attainable, since it fell short by almost 10 GW as of December.

C.The levellised tariff — factoring in a small annual increase for a given period of time — for the 750 MW Rewa project over a 25-year period is ₹3.29, which is less than half the rate at which some State governments signed contracts in recent years.

D.The progress of this clean source of energy must be deepened with policy incentives, for several reasons. Arguably, the most important is the need to connect millions of people without access to electricity.

E.There is everything to gain by accelerating the pace of growth that essentially began in 2010, with the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission.

F.A rapid scaling-up of solar capacity is vital also to meet the national goal of installing 100 gigawatts by 2022, a target that is being internationally monitored as part of the country’s pledges under the Paris Agreement on climate change.

G.In another barrier-breaking development, the auctioned price of solar photovoltaic (SPV) power per kilowatt hour has dropped below ₹3 to ₹2.97 in Madhya Pradesh, providing a clear pointer to the future course of renewable energy.

 

GCDFAE

 

Q19.

A.But, while teamwork is critical to success, so is recognition of the distinct roles and responsibilities of governments in the industrialized and developing worlds.

B.The global cooperation that has emerged lately is certainly welcome.

C.Last November, while much of the world was trying to unpack Donald Trump’s election as US president, the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 22) was held in Marrakesh, Morocco.

D.It was an important step forward, but the issue remains far more complex – and politically charged – than most would care to admit.

E.Participants from all over the world, including 38 heads of state and government, came together to create a plan for implementing the 2015 Paris climate agreement, which aims to limit global warming to well below two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

 

CEDBA

 

Q20.

A.But it makes sense to think of it as a prudent and affordable insurance policy.

B.This should make us think about smart, alternative solutions.

C.But one such alternative, geoengineering, is a solution that many people refuse to entertain.

D.Geoengineering means deliberately manipulating the Earth’s climate.

E.Even climate activists increasingly recognize that the lofty rhetoric of the global agreement to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions, concluded in Paris just over a year ago, will not be matched by its promises’ actual impact on temperatures.

F.It seems like something from science fiction.

 

EBCDFA

 

Q21.

A.But it makes sense to think of it as a prudent and affordable insurance policy.

B.This should make us think about smart, alternative solutions.

C.But one such alternative, geoengineering, is a solution that many people refuse to entertain.

D.Geoengineering means deliberately manipulating the Earth’s climate.

E.Even climate activists increasingly recognize that the lofty rhetoric of the global agreement to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions, concluded in Paris just over a year ago, will not be matched by its promises’ actual impact on temperatures.

F.It seems like something from science fiction.

 

BEDCAF

 

Q22.

A.To understand these limitations, we have to first understand the nature and mechanism of logic

B.European enlightenment exposed certain flaws in blind faith and ushered in an era of rationality, and logic became the dominant paradigm

C.Since ages, we have been witness to an incessant face off between faith and logic

D.Oriental metaphysical thoughts like the Advaita Vedanta are expounded on as rational a ground as metaphysics could ever be

E.But at a certain point, they have to forsake logic due to its inherent limitations and enter a realm where tools of logic are no longer applicable and things have to be taken on faith.

 

CBDEA

 

Q23.

A.Despite the increased funding, poor learning outcomes mark the education system, irrespective of the school’s ownership.

B.Improving learning outcomes will require looking beyond funding to the central component of an effective education system: the teacher.

C.Expenditure on education as share of GDP has fluctuated between 3.55 per cent and 4 per cent, falling short of the 6 per cent of GDP promised by successive governments.

D.Assessments by private/non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and government agencies find at least a third of students failing to meet the required minimum learning levels in mathematics and reading comprehension.

E.Nonetheless, over the last decade, education has accounted for nearly 50 per cent of total social services spending.

 

CEADB

 

Q24.

A.opening up the possibility of introducing the new,

B.A more realistic view would be to set the launch date of the new tax three months after the final state and central GST laws are passed and the rules published.

C.Companies need time to prepare their accounting systems in order to draw up an invoice that fully conforms to the requirements of the new tax on launch day.

D.It is indeed welcome that the Centre and the states have reached agreement on the vexed issue of dual control of administering the goods and services tax (GST),

E.paradigm-shifting tax regime on July 1 this year.

 

DAEBC

 

Q25.

A.A National Human Rights Commission report points to an increase in the frequency of mining-related accidents in recent years.

B.Isn’t Indian infrastructure crumbling all around us?

C.Then the recent mine collapse at the Lalmatia open-cast coalfields owned by ECL in Jharkhand came on the back of a year where there was a mining fatality every 10 days.

D.with the horrific derailments of the Patna-Indore Express and the Sealdah- Ajmer Express taking place near Kanpur within a month of each other.

E.Meanwhile the safety record of Indian Railways seems to be worsening instead of improving,

F.Until just a year ago technical delays used to be a rarity on the Delhi metro but now they seem to have become a daily affair.

 

BFEDCA

 

Q26.

A.It was suggested that he was exaggerating the problems with the food – that the dal, for example,

B.When Border Security Force constable Tej Bahadur Yadav posted videos on social media alleging sub-standard food being served to the jawans on the Line of Control,

C.had settled at the bottom of the container he showed, making it seem even more watery than it might have been.

D.the almost immediate reaction of the Armed Forces command was to attempt to discredit him.

E.Yadav was said to be an alcoholic who had been jailed in the past for showing insubordination towards his superiors.

F.Even without waiting for the promised investigation into the incident,

 

BDFEA

 

Q27.

A.Of course, the post-Brexit forecasts may not be entirely wrong, but only if we look at the long-term impact of the Brexit vote.

B.But now that British Prime Minister Theresa May has implied that she prefers a “hard” Brexit, a gloomy long-term prognosis is probably correct.

C.Is the economics profession “in crisis”? Many policymakers, such as Andy Haldane, the Bank of England’s chief economist, believe that it is.

D.More recently, they misjudged the immediate impact that the United Kingdom’s Brexit vote would have on its economy.

E.True, some economists expected the UK economy to collapse during the post-referendum panic, whereas economic activity proved to be rather resilient, with GDP growth reaching some 2.1% in 2016.

F.Indeed, a decade ago, economists failed to see a massive storm on the horizon, until it culminated in the most destructive global financial crisis in nearly 80 years.

 

CFDAEB

 

Q28.

A.Skewed representation reflecting a bygone era, whether on the United Nations Security Council or the International Monetary Fund’s Board, undermines global institutions’ legitimacy and ability to respond to new challenges.

B.This has spurred a shift toward informal mechanisms like the G-20 and new, untested institutions like the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

C.The annushorribilis of 2016 is behind us now.

D.For years, the liberal order has been under strain. Perhaps most obvious, there has been a lack of progress in the development of institutions and legal instruments.

E.In short, we have been trying to fit the round pegs of twenty-first-century global power into the square holes of post-World War II institutions.

F.Unfortunately, those symptoms are now accelerating the system’s decline.

G.But its low points – the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union, the election of Donald Trump as US president, the ongoing atrocities in Syria – were merely symptoms of a process of dissolution of the liberal rules-based global system that began long before.

 

CGCDEA

 

Q29.

A)Moreover, salaries in public sector enterprises are not as competitive as those offered by private or foreign corporate.

B)This trend should be a wake-up call for stakeholders to examine why employee are seeking better opportunities with private companies in India and abroad.

C)Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs) have been experiencing severe challenges in attracting, motivating and retaining their key staff.

D)Having identified these as the reasons why employees leave PSEs, it is important to empower stakeholders to find ways to remedy the situation.

E)One reason is that young employees lured away by private firms are more willing to undertake professional risks.

F)Employees in specialist roles especially have become increasingly difficult to retain.

 

CFBEAD.

 

Q30.

A.That a good majority of sports-lovers in the country have found refuge in nihilism and come to believe that nothing will change in the state of affairs.

B.very soon you realise it is nothing more than chimerical and it might be foolish and useless to bravely make your way through the haze.

C.The best thing that has happened to sports in India in a long, long time — longer perhaps than many of us have existed on this planet — is the laudably idealistic yet remarkably pragmatic intervention of the Supreme Court into Wild West territory — the landscape of cricket administration.

D.When you think that something has been transformed for the better,

E.So much of what the well-meaning lay people have expected of the men who control sports has been trampled under mercilessly and maliciously,

CEADB

31.

(A) The accounts have to be audited by duly qualified auditors as stipulated in the Act.

(B) The board of financial supervision has been set up for this purpose.

(C) Banking companies have to prepare their balance sheet and accounts annually as provided in the Banking Regulation Act.

(D) Banking companies have to file many other returns to the Reserve Bank.

(E) The audited balance sheet and accounts have to be submitted as returns to the Reserve Bank and copies thereof have to be submitted to the Registrar of companies.

(F) The Banking Regulation Act also provides for inspection and scrutiny of the books and accounts of banking companies.

CAEDFB

32.

(A) Switching off a light takes exactly the same amount of time and energy as switching it on.

(B) Yet we are often not so keen or prompt with the former.

(C) Most of us don’t mind running up a huge power bill.

(D) So, every year, we burn up hundreds of units of electricity, which we could have easily saved.

(E) This is true especially during the festive season.

CEABD

33.

(A) Bolder isn’t always better, however.

(B) Red, orange and purple are vibrant colours with energising effects to counter the blues.

(C) The eye must catch it, look at it and study it.

(D) Too much colour can be overwhelming to some people.

(E) So, if not the change of paints, go for a bright-coloured table-cloth instead.

(F) The draped piece of furniture must be placed prominently.

BEFCAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

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