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Error Spotting Part 10

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If you are preparing for competitive exams of Banking, SSC, etc. like (IBPS Clerk, IBPS PO, SBI Clerk, SBI PO, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, RRB NTPC, RBI, LIC AAO, etc.) you will encounter English Language and Comprehension sections. One of the most important aspects of the English section, in any exam, is to learn to Spot Errors and Correct Sentences. These Error Spotting and Sentence Correction GrammarCapsules are aimed at helping you learn a little bit of Grammar every day. Let us start with Error Spotting Capsule 10 which deals with the concept of “Subordinating Conjunctions“. You can even download Error Spotting Capsule 10 as PDF.

Error Spotting Capsule 10: Subordinating Conjunctions – Part 1

Conjunctions are the words used to link together two different parts (clauses) of a sentence.

I’m going to Liza’s school.
Her teacher wants to meet me.
I’m going to Liza’s school because her teacher wants to meet me. 

Definition:
Subordinating conjunctions are the words which connect
the main or the independent clause to a subordinate
or the dependent clause.

I'm going to watch a movie as it's my free time.

Here, the clause ‘I’m going to watch a movie‘ is the main clause – stand alone and meaningful.

It’s my free time!’
Did anyone ask you?
Why are you saying this?
What’s the relevance of saying this?

This part is not so independent as the main clause and we need additional information to understand the meaning (situation, scene, complete picture, whatever you love to call it).

Thus, a subordinate conjunction like as connects an otherwise non-meaningful clause to a meaningful clause.

United we stand, divided the subordinate clause will fall!

 

Here are some of the subordinate conjunctions:

Conjunction Used for
after After coming from the office,
she went to meet her friend.
as I couldn’t go there as I had a meeting.
as long as/
as soon as
Let us be honest as long as the life lasts.He rushed to the hospital as soon
as he heard the news.
because I’m everything I am because
you loved me.
before Before you leave, please close the windows.
by the time By the time he reached there,
the show was finished.
even if Even if I got it for free, I won’t take it.‘Even if’ is used in a
supposition or hypothesis.
It refers to an imaginary or unreal situation.
every time Every time I go there, his dog barks at me.
if I will take my umbrella if it rains.‘If’ indicates an emergency preparation.
You should do an action after something
happens or might happen.
in case I will take my umbrella in case it rains.‘In case’ indicates a precautionary action.
You should do an action before something
happens or might happen.
lest They feared to spare him lest he should
report the matter to the king.
now that Now that Angie’s English has improved,
she feels more confident at work.
once Once I finish this, I will go to sleep.
since He couldn’t deliver the parcel since no
one was there to answer the door.
so that I woke up early in the morning so that
I could finish the assignment.
than He’s taller than I am.
though / although
/ even though
Though they liked it, they didn’t buy it.
till Let’s wait here till the rain stops.
unless They don’t come unless you invite them.
until No one left the room until the talk ended.
when When I was young, we had only a radio.
where Where you find mines,  put up a flag.
whereas African elephants have up to 21 pairs of
ribs whereas
Asian elephants have a maximum of 20 pairs.
whether (or not) She asked whether I wanted to
go there (or not).
while Lets watch some T.V. while
he prepares dinner.
wherever Wherever you go, I will be there.

Spot the error in the following sentences

  1. Please return your registration form until you leave the room.
  2. I’m not sure if I can meet Hari. When I meet him, I will convey your message.
  3. Although she has enough money, she can buy it.

Here are the answers!!

  1. Please return your registration form until before you leave the room.
    We can’t use until or till to mean ‘in advance of’ and we use before.
  2. I’m not sure if I can meet Hari. When If I meet him, I will convey your message.
    We use when to refer to a future situation or condition that we are certain of, whereas we use if to introduce a possible or unreal situation.
  3. Although Since / As she has enough money, she can buy it.
    Although means ‘in spite of’.

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