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Error Spotting part 13

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Error Spotting Capsule 13 – Spelling Rules Part 1

Learning how to spot spellings errors in sentences can drastically improve your score in the English section of various Bank and SSC exams. Here are some spelling rules and different cases which can help you become a good speller. Read these rules one by one and download them as PDF to revise and keep a track of your revision!

Case #1 Plurals of Nouns based on their Suffix

Rule 1

A noun, usually forms its plural by adding ‘-s’ at the end.
E.g. dog – dogs, pigeon – pigeons

Rule 2

Most nouns ending in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ change into ‘-ves’.
E.g. leaf – leaves, knife – knives
Exceptions: staffs, cliffs, chiefs, roofs, safes

Rule 3

Nouns ending in ‘y’ add ‘s’ if the ‘y’ follows a vowel.
E.g. toy – toys, ray – rays

Rule 4

Nouns ending in ‘y’ change the ‘y’ to ‘-ies’ if the ‘y’ follows a consonant.
E.g. baby – babies, story – stories

Rule 5

Most nouns ending in ‘o’ form their plurals by adding ‘-es’.
E.g. tornado – tornadoes, echo – echoes
Exceptions: pianos, solos, bamboos

Rule 6

Nouns ending in ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘x’, or ‘z’ add ‘es’ to form plurals.
E.g. gas – gases, grass – grasses, branch – branches

Case #2: The ‘EE’ Sound – Receive or Receive?!!

Rule 7

– When the sound is ee and alphabets used are ‘i’and ‘e’:

1) ‘e’ comes first, when they come after ‘c’
E.g. deceive, receive

2) ‘i’ comes first in all other cases
E.g. pie, grief

Exceptions: seize, weird

Case #3: ALL & FULL

Rule 8

– When the words ‘all’ and ‘full’ are used to make up longer words, one ‘l’ is dropped.

E.g. always, cheerful

Case #4: Adding ‘DIS’ and ‘MIS’

Rule 9

– When adding ‘dis’ and ‘mis’ to other words, the ‘s’ is always kept, even if the other word begins with an ‘s’.

E.g. Misspell

Now that you know all the rules, let’s try a few exercises.

Error Spotting Capsule 13 – Exercises & Solutions

While solving these questions, make sure you do not look at the explanations given below:


  1. Find the misspelt word – skilfull, alright, piece
  2. Which is the correct plural form of chief – chieves, chiefs, chief, chiefs
  3. Choose the correctly spelt word – addresses, addressess, addreses
  4. Find the misspelt word – misstate, mistake, misuse, misspend


Here are the explanations!

  1. Skilfull – According to rule 8, when the words ‘all’ and ‘full’ are used to make up longer words, one ‘l’ is dropped. Skilful is the correct spelling.
  2. Chiefs – Although most nouns ending in ‘f’ or fe change ‘f’ or ‘fe’ to ‘ves’, there are certain exceptions to this rule (refer rule 2)
  3. Addresses – Nouns ending in ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘x’, or ‘z’ add ‘es’ to form plurals.
  4. Mistate – When adding ‘dis’ and ‘mis’ to other words, the ‘s’ is always kept, even if the other word begins with an ‘s’. Misstate is the correct spelling.
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