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Error Spotting Part 4

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If you are preparing for competitive exams of Banking, SSC, etc. like (IBPS Clerk, IBPS PO, SBI Clerk, SBI PO, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, RRB NTPC, RBI, LIC AAO, etc.) you will encounter English Language and Comprehension sections. One of the most important aspects of the English section, in any exam, is to learn to Spot Errors and Correct Sentences. These Error Spotting and Sentence Correction Grammar Capsules are aimed at helping you learn a little bit of Grammar every day. Let us start with Error Spotting Capsule 4 which deals with the concept of “Would rather…than“. You can even download Error Spotting Capsule 4 as PDF.

Let’s start with an example of a sentence that shows you the use of “would rather… than”.

Eg: “I would not rather go there.”

What’s wrong in this sentence? You’ll be able to identify the error by the end of this article.

‘Would rather’ means like, prefer, etc.
‘I would rather go to the library than stand here’ means the speaker prefers being in the library to standing at that place.

Image result for would rather

Rules for ‘would rather’

  • Coming back to the sentence mentioned in the first part of this article: I would not rather go there.
    The negative always comes on the clause that follows ‘would rather’.
    I would rather not go there.
    Another example, I would rather she did not come to the office.

  • When the subject in both clauses are same, the main verb is in the base form (the way it is listed in a dictionary):
    She would rather smile than cry.
    Here, both clauses have the same subject ‘she’. Mark would rather play golf than football.

  • When the subjects are different,
    Case 1: Present or future tense – the verb is ‘did + base’ form
    I would rather she did come to the office early.
    Case 2: Past tense – the verb is in the past perfect tense
    He would rather you had gone for the trip.

Image result for would rather

 Spot the error in the following sentences

  1. Sammy would rather be gone.
  2. He says that he would not rather come for the next session.
  3. I would rather she did come yesterday.
  4. The judge would rather the victim did not remain silent.
  5. I would rather go to my room to wait here for him to come.

Here are the answers!!!

Explanation 1: Sammy would rather be gone go. Same subject ==> base form.

Explanation 2: He says he would not rather not come for the next session. The original sentence gives an impression that he would not do something else rather will attend the next session. The corrected sentence implies that he prefer not to attend the next session.

Explanation 3: I would rather she did come had come yesterday. Different subject and past tense ==> past perfect form of the verb

Explanation 4: No error.

Explanation 5: I would rather go to my room to than wait here for him to come. ‘Would rather’ is followed by ‘than’.

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