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If you are preparing for competitive exams of Banking, SSC, etc. like (IBPS Clerk, IBPS PO, SBI Clerk, SBI PO, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, RRB NTPC, RBI, LIC AAO, etc.) you will encounter English Language and Comprehension sections. One of the most important aspects of the English section, in any exam, is to learn to Spot Errors and Correct Sentences. These Error Spotting and Sentence Correction GrammarCapsules are aimed at helping you learn a little bit of Grammar every day. Let us start with Error Spotting Capsule 7 which deals with the concept of “Too much vs. Much too“. You can even download Error Spotting Capsule 7 as PDF.
‘Too’ is generally used in these cases:
- While talking about quantities.
- To emphasize something.
Let us go through both the uses one-by-one. We will start with understanding the usage of ‘too’ to talk about quality and then move on to understand how ‘too’ can be used to emphasize something.
Using ‘Too’ to Quantify
You must have read or heard the phrases – ‘too much’, ‘too less’, ‘too few’. Do you often get confused between ‘too much’ and ‘too many’? Have you ever wondered what ‘too few’ means? If yes, then here is an explanation for each of these phrases (too + Quantity):
1. Too much
2. Too many
3. Too few
4. Too little
Using ‘Too’ to Emphasize
Another usage of ‘too’ is when it is used to intensify an adjective or adverb. For e.g. she is much too young to vote. Here is ‘much too’ the emphasizing phrase and ‘young’ is the adjective.
1. Much Too
‘Much too’ is followed by an adverb or an adjective.
Usage: He is much too busy to attend the call. Here, the speaker means that ‘he’ is very busy and cannot attend the call
2. Far too
‘Far too’ is followed by an adverb or an adjective. ‘Far too’ is stronger than ‘much too’.
Usage: His job makes him far too busy to relax.
Now that you know the use cases and rules to instantly spot errors in questions based on usage of ‘too much’,’much too’, etc. try this exercise:
Spot the error in the following sentences
Here are the answers!!
Explanation 1: I had too
many much food today. Food is an uncountable noun and hence, too much.
Explanation 2: He was
too far far too busy. ‘Too far’ is used along with distance.
Explanation 3: No error. Water is an uncountable noun and hence, ‘too little’ to indicate inadequate quantity and ‘too much’ to indicate ‘it’s more than enough’.
Explanation 4: No error. ‘Visitors’ is a countable noun and hence, too many.
Explanation 5: No error. ‘Clothes’ is a countable noun and hence, too few.
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