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Handy tips for Parajumble Part 1

Couple of things need to be kept in mind: –

  1. The best way to solving PJ is by making pairs or trios by connecting different sentences. For ex. BDC form a trio, AFE form another trio – by combining the two we arrive at the answer. Or F is the first sentence, DCE form a trio and BA form a pair. Arranging the three things, we can arrive at the answer.
  2. PJ cannot be solved with the help of options.

Today’s session involves the use of ‘Pronouns’ and ‘Connectors’ to form pairs or trios etc. Conjunctions like – But, However, Yet etc join opposite or contrasting sentences.

1.But he could not succeed
A.He failed miserably in the examination
B.He tried his level best in the examination
C.He always wanted to work hard for the examination.

Which of the A, B or C would precede 1? Give it a thought and then move forward. Remember ‘But’ joins opposite or contrasting sentences.

Explanation
The answer is B. 1 talks in a negative way about the person, so preceding sentence must be positive (opposite and contrasting). This was an easy one, now based on similar analogy try to attempt the PJ 1. Start with finding the pair of E.

Question:

A.Lying at the point where the Eurasian plate constantly bumps up against the Indo-Australian plate, volcanoes in the archipelago have long been associated with outsized eruptions, deaths and misery.
B.With some 130 active volcanoes, Indonesia is a hotbed of tectonic plate activity.
C.The flip side of the destruction is the availability of a vast amount of geothermal energy that if harnessed, can provide Indonesia with the kind of clean and reliable energy source it is in desperate need of.
D.The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa, for example, killed more than 36,000 people and is considered to be one of the loudest sounds ever heard in modern history.
E.But all this geological ferment is not an unmitigated negative.

Explanation
Lets start with the hint in E. It is easy to see that the theme of the passage is volcano and its effects. E says ‘all this is not negative’, it shows positive side of volcanic eruption, hence the sentence preceding E must show negative side of volcanic eruption. A is a negative sentence about eruption (it says volcanos are associated with death and misery); B just provides information, neither negative nor positive; C tell the positive aspects of eruption; D is again a negative sentence showing harmful effects of eruption.

What we come to know from this analogy is that A & D will come before E and C will come after E. Negative – But – Positive, hence AD/DA + EC

If one can decipher this, then whole PJ is solved. D talks of ‘an example’. A end with ‘death and misery associated with volcanic eruption’ and its example has been cited in D, hence AD. Combining the two, we get ADEC. B can come either last or first. It is easy to gauge it as the first sentence. Hence the answer BADEC.It’s always better if one understands the meaning of each sentence in PJ but even if you don’t get the meaning of each and every line, PJ can be cracked as seen in the example above.

If the example is not clear, do not move to the next question. Read it again.

Just like negative connectors – But and However – there are some positive connectors too like Also, Moreover, In addition to etc. They join positive with positive and negative with negative.

1.Moreover/Also, such an initiative is unsuitable for a country as large as India.
A.Modi’s Swachh Bharat Abhiyan did not succeed due to lack of funds
B.Swachh Bharat Abhiyan could have been a good platform to clean India
C.Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has helped in construction of 50000 toilets and changed the mindset of people.

Which of the A, B or C would precede 1? Give it a thought and then move forward. Remember ‘Moreover’ joins positive with positive and negative with negative.

Explanation
The answer is A.

1 talks in a negative way about Abhiyan, so the preceding sentence must also say something negative about Abhiyan. A shows the problem due to which Abhiyan did not succeed. 1 cites more problems due to which Abhiyan did not succeed.

1.Moreover/Also, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan helped control open defecation.
A.Modi’s Swachh Bharat Abhiyan did not succeed due to lack of funds
B.Swachh Bharat Abhiyan could have been a good platform to clean India
C.Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has helped in construction of 50000 toilets and changed the mindset of people

Which of the A, B or C would precede 1? Give it a thought and then move forward. Remember ‘Moreover’ joins positive with positive and negative with negative.

Explanation
The answer is C.

1 talks of positive aspects of advantages of Abhiyan, C also talks of the good things that have happened due to Abhiyan, hence C should come before 1

Find the sentence which should precede A.

A.The NEFT system also relieves the stress on the existing paper based funds transfer and clearing system.
B.The RBI has introduced a system called the “Reserve Bank of India National Electronic Funds Transfer System”.
C.The remitting branch prepares a structured financial messaging solution (SFMS) message and sends it to its service centre from NEFT.
D.The RBI at the clearing centre sorts the transactions bank-wise and prepares the accounting entries of net debit or credit for passing on to the banks participating in the system.
E.The system facilitates an efficient, secure, economical, reliable and expeditious system of funds transfer and clearing in the banking sector.
F.The transaction under this system may be made for amounts inclusive of paisa component when there is no upper value limit for putting through an individual NEFT transaction.

Explanation
Answer is E.
A talks of the benefits of NEFT. E talks of the different advantages of NEFT, hence the pair EA.

Try yourself with below given exercise using our guidelines

I would suggest you to master usage of – Despite, Inspite of , Instead of, Besides etc. They are used as connectors and help immensely in solving Parajumbles.

From ‘Connectors’ we now move to our second friend ‘Pronoun’. Whenever you see any pronoun in the PJ, try finding the noun it is used for. In 95% of the cases, the two sentences form a pair.

Try the following exercise using our guidelines

Q1: Sentences 1 and 6 are fixed. A, B , C and D need to be aligned to make a coherent and meaningful paragraph. To what does ‘This one’ in C refer to? What sentence should come before C? What sentence will precede 6?

1.Our house is high up on the Yorkshire coast and close to the sea.
A.One is called the North spit and another the South.
B.The sand hills here run down to the sea and end in two stretches of rock, sticking out opposite to each other.
C.This one leads through a dark plantation of fir-trees and brings you out between low cliffs to the loneliest and ugliest little bay on all our coasts.
D.There are beautiful walls all around us in every direction except one.
6 .Between the two, shifting backwards and forwards at certain seasons of the year, lies the most horrible quicksand on the shores of Yorkshire.

Q2: Which sentence should come before C? (hint – ‘study them’)
Which sentence should come before F? (hint – ‘this justificatuon’)

A.There is ample justification for the phenomenon of the description.
B.In the present era also, efforts are being made to rejuvenate Pali.
C.A curious researcher can study them provided he has mastery over Pali language.
D.The Indian tradition describes Buddha as an advocate of analytical method.
E.Pali was perhaps the most commonly used language in those days.
F.This justification is found in several discourses.

Q3: Which sentence should come before E? (hint – ‘behind them’)
Pronouns ‘she’ and ‘her’ used in B and C, refer to whom? Which sentence should come before B and C?

A.”What a waste of my tax money”, I thought, walking past the people having free Californian Chardonnay.
B.”Speak to her”, he said, “She’s into books”.
C.The friend who had brought me there noticed my noticing her.
D.In late 2003, I was still paying taxes in America, so it horrified me that the US Consulate was hosting a “Gallo drinking appreciation event”.
E.Behind them, a pianist was playing old film tunes, and a slim short woman was dancing around him.

Q4: Try solving this PJ by making pairs. Lot of hints have been given – B, E, F,  and G all contain pronoun or connectors. Try forming pairs and you will arrive at the answer. 

A.It is obvious from the above that the Commission has accorded highest priority to securing speedy justice to women.
B.These members continue to pursue their mandated activities, namely review of legislation, intervention in specific individual complaints of atrocities and denial of rights.
C.The functions assigned to the Commission, as per the act, are wide and varied covering almost all facts of issues relating to safeguarding women’s rights and promotion.
D.The National Commission for women was set up on 31st January, 1992 in pursuance of the National Commission for Women, Act 1990.
E.Towards this end of speedy justice to women, the Commission is organizing Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalats offering counseling in family disputes and conducting training programmes for creating legal awareness among women.
F.They also suggest remedial action to safeguard the interest of women to the appropriate authorities.
G.To carry out these functions the Commission has a Chairman, five members and a Member Secretary, all nominated by the Central Government.

Q5: Try solving this PJ. It won’t require forming of any pairs. The ones with good reading skills will crack should crack it in one go. It’s a story based passage, try finding the starting sentence and then chain them up one after another. Don’t make pairs.

A.A few minutes later he was hauled back on board the ship, on the captain’s orders.
B.One of the crew began to complain and moan about the situation and no one could silence him.
C.Marvelling at the change, the passengers asked for an explanation, to which the captain replied, “We never appreciate how well off we are in a situation until we fall into a worse one”.
D.During a voyage a great storm arose.
E.In exasperation, the captain ordered him to be thrown overboard.
F.To everyone’s surprise, the man immediately went back to his post and silently began to work.

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