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Handy tips to attempt Sentence Exclusion or Odd Sentence

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Odd sentence is a newest addition to Bank PO examination. It was asked for the first time in SBI PO Mains 2016. Since it was asked in an online examination, we do not have much practice material as of now. Many of the students are not even aware of what it is and what the questions actually demands.

  • It is nothing except a new way of asking Parajumbles or sentence rearrangement. In such questions, you will be having five or more sentences, of which one sentence will not fit into the context of the passage while the rest will relate to the main idea given in the paragraph.
  • In short, odd sentence is just a new way of testing the old concept of Parajumbles. Students habitual to parajumbles, will find it easy to solve such questions

Understanding the Nuances

Try the following question and pick the odd one out

Ex 1)  1. India    2. China     3. UAE      4.Japan   5. Beglium

What approach will you apply for such questions? – alphabetical order, literacy, population or what? It can be seen that nothing of such sort is asked here. We know that all of them are countries but nothing distinguishing about them has been mentioned here, so we cannot assume anything which is not given here. Now, if we look closely, we can see that they all are countries, and countries belong to continents. We can see that all the countries except Belgium belong to Asia. So, answer is 5.

Ex.2)  1. Pakistan   2.Nepal     3.Bhutan     4. Bangladesh    5. Thailand

Explanation – 5. Thailand doesn’t share border with India.

Similarly, when you attempt to find out a sentence which is out of context, you should be aware of number of things like actions, objects, statements, whether the same idea is followed in the entire paragraph or has it changed. If the paragraph says all about developments in a country and the sentence says something relevant to attack on the country, then we know that the sentence is the odd one out.

One must link all the sentences accordingly within the information given in the paragraph. One must also ensure that the idea expressed in the jumbled paragraphs move in the same line, and any sentence which moves against the context will be an out of context sentence.

STRATEGY

1. Start by looking for a sentence which is most likely to start a paragraph, any sentence that introduces an idea, or a concept, and the one which is not abrupt often starts the paragraph.

2. Now, the next step should be to establish a connecting link; here, mainly, parajumbles come into picture. Any sentence that connects the idea with the next sentence will take the passage forward.

3. Repeat above mentioned step and check to see if a logical arrangement is formed between the sentences maintaining the coherency between the sentences.

4. The sentence you find difficult to link between the sentences is the odd sentence , as well as the right answer..

Lets try some questions now: –

Question 1:

A.Karnan is not the only judge in the recent past to have had a run-in with the law.

B.Two high court judges, JusticeP D Dinakaran and Justice Soumitra Sen, faced impeachment hearings in Parliament for corruption and abuse of power last year.

C.It was only after the retirement in 2010 that the subsequent Chief Justice of India, S H Kapadia, granted sanction for prosecution and Soumitra Sen is currently facing trial.

D.Against Justice C V Nagarjuna Reddy, impeachment proceedings began in 2011 for having allegedly discriminated against a Dalit judge in the state subordinate judiciary.

E.One retired high court judge, Justice Nirmal Yadav, is facing trial before a Central Bureau of Investigation case concerning bribery.

Solution:-

A says ‘Karnan was not the only judge’…….. . Sentence A is incomplete. It must contain some other information too (who else was/were involved). B provides information about who else was involved; D again gives information about people who were impeached (it should be caught in one glance, that B and D are very much alike). E gives another name – Nirmal Yadav, who faced proceedings (or ‘had run in with law’ – A). Even C talks of impeachment proceedings, but its essence is different. It emphasizes that the case against Soumitra Sen started only after S H Kapadia granted sanction.

Many of the webistes advise you to scan the sentences and find the one which does not have same subject.

Like : – A – Sachin   B – Sachin   C – Sachin     D – Sachin      E – Kohli.

There is nothing wrong with the question but it is highly improbable that such a question will be asked in SBI Mains exam, even a 7th standard kid would be able to crack this question.

Question 2.

A.Having attained the position of the world’s second largest economy, China seems bent upon reaching the top spot in record time.

B.In front of representatives from 100 countries, it launched the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road project, also called the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) or One Belt, One Road.

C.Japan and India, Asia’s second and third largest economies, chose to boycott the forum. New Delhi was concerned about “sovereignty and territorial integrity.”

D.It is a massive international project which envisages, a number of roads, railway lines and ports that will connect major economic centres in China, via various routes, with Europe.

E.While romanticising the historical Silk Route, Xi emphasised the advantages of “mutual learning and benefit,” “openness and inclusiveness,” and called the new Silk Road—the BRI—the “project of the century.”

Solution:

We try to connect different sentence and then we will get the odd sentence. D says ‘it is a massive international project’. As we know that Pronouns are really important in connecting the sentences , we need to find the pair of D. Obviously it is talking about BRI in B. D describes about the BRI and E builds on it by telling the advantages of BRI. (Keyword BRI in B, D and E would help you to connect them faster). Now, we have only A and C left. A talks of rapid rise in China and BRI project can be related with it, whereas C is totally out of context.

Try to combine as many sentences as possible and in the end you will be left with one or maximum of two options. Try the following example, it is a tough one.

Question 3.

A.The objective of Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) was to achieve universal sanitation and make India open defecation free by 2019.

B.The SBM has arguably been more visible to the public than its predecessor, the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan.

C.The groundwater and sanitation nexus, in the emerging peri-urban regions, needs a detailed discussion in order to understand its implications for the SBM.

D.Under the SBM , there has been a rise of nearly 16% in households with toilets since 2014, and over 1.2 lakh villages have self-declared to be open defecation free.

E.The SBM, therefore, offers a promising solution to address the issues of sanitation and water in rapidly urbanising areas.

Solution:

A talks of the ‘objective of SBM’ and D describes how successful it has been in achieving them. Hence AD is a pair. E can also be linked to A. E builds on A and talks of the same thing, can be linked with the use of keyword – Sanitation. Two options remain – B and C. What would you choose? Check again, make up your mind for the answer and then proceed.

B talks of the SBM in a positive say. C talks of sanitation nexus and its implications (effects) on SBM. B can be congregated with the group A, D and E, as they all talk of SBM in a positive way, whereas C takes the discussion in some other direction.

P.S. : – If we have just used the concept of connecting sentences quickly with keywords (as many of the websites do), we would have confused ourselves. It is important to read the sentences and alongwith reading, comprehend the meaning.

Tips for improvement

  1. Regular Reading  – This is a remedy of all diseases
  2. Go through the concepts of Parajumbles .
  3. Practice good questions.

 

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