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How to Solve Sitting Arrangement

About Inward & Outward Sitting Arrangement:-

No matter what the model is, the following points are to be noted in order to solve the questions easily.

Read the entire puzzle and understand the statements correctly

  • Identify the statements that give definite information.
  • For instance let us take three statements and evaluate them

Statement 1: A is to the left of B.

The data in the statement is basic but not definite as the statement ONLY says that A is to the left of B. but, it does not specify where A is located from B.

Statement 2: A is second to the left of B. The data in the statement is definite as it clearly states that A is placed second to the left of B.

Some important points to be kept in mind before solving the sitting arrangement puzzles are:

  • If A is sitting immediate left of B, it means B is on immediate right of A.
  • To avoid confusion of left and rights in circular and other shapes’ seating arrangement problems, you should assume that all people are facing to center (unless and until they specify the direction).
  • It’s always better idea to assume you are one among them so that it will be easier for you to get an idea of the arrangement.
  • If you are unable to get the idea from a line then better skip that line and go to next line. You can revisit to the skipped line after getting another clue.

For circular sitting arrangement those objects which are facing inwards to the center are favorable to us which means LEFT-RIGHT position are same to reference object and those objects which are facing outwards are unfavorable to us which means LEFT-RIGHT position are opposite to reference object.

Persons sitting in a CIRCLE or RECTANGLE or SQUARE facing AWAY from centre:

  • Seated to the left = Take Anti-clockwise direction
  • Seated to the right = Take clockwise direction

Such types are problems are solved in the same manner as the problems for the centre facing people are solved. The only change in this case is the direction of reference changes which confuses the candidates.

But now-a-days, questions of some different pattern are asked in Bank exams like Some people are facing inward while some of them are facing outwards.

Question:

P, Q, R, S, T, U and V are sitting in a circle. Five of them are facing the center while two of them are facing  opposite to the center. R sits third to the left of S and both are facing the center. T is neither an immediate member of S nor of R. The one sitting exactly between S and U is facing to the center. V sits third to the left of P and V is facing opposite to the center. One of Q’s neighbors is facing opposite to the center.

STEPS TO SOLVE THE QUESTION

Draw a circle. Mark all position of objects in the circle.

Note: Five of them are facing center means favorable to us and then left two are facing outward means unfavorable to us.

Now put S on the middle bottom position of the circle and position R on left side (Clockwise direction) to S.m

 

T is neither an immediate member of S nor of R. the statement leaves a single place for T to sit.n

The one sitting exactly between S and U is facing to the center.

Then put U from left of S by leaving one position blank.o

V sits third to the left of P and V is facing outside to the center.

In this case position of P and V is not discussed in reference to all other objects. So their position can be done by hit and trial method which is based on most convenient positions.v

Now the left place is the only option for Q to sit.

As per the statement, one of Q’s neighbors is facing opposite to the center. This clearly tells us that T is facing opposite to the centre. And according to the question, since five of them are facing the centre, so U and Q also face the centre. So, the final diagram we get isx

Now, since you have understood the Concepts and Shortcuts on Inward- Outward seating arrangement

Tips to Solve Circular Seating Arrangement (Blood Relation)

A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting around a circular table. All are A’s relatives as: Brother, Brother-in-law, Sister, Sister-in-law, Mother, Father & Wife.
1. Neither A nor D sit with wife or mother.
2. A’s sister-in-law & sister sit opposite to each other.
3. H isn’t blood relative of A.
4. F sits 3rd to right of B.
5. Neither F nor H, who sits 2nd to left of A, is the wife of A.
6. E, the father sits 3rd to right of brother-in-law.
7. D sits opposite to G, a first generation female, who is not A’s neighbor.

What Exactly Goes Wrong?
Such questions become critical as they are really scoring if solved with correct strategy. But many people don’t attempt such seating arrangement as they can’t find the starting points and connecting dotsfor such questions.
Due to constraint of time, candidates opt to not to attempt question as they can be really time consuming if not attempted with correct strategy.

What Is Starting Point & How To Find It?
Starting point is important information in the question which, primarily, tells about the position of specific persons. Usually, the question starts with negative information which doesn’t tell the exact position. Remember, Negative information such as “Neither/Nor..” can only give relative positions so it can never be a starting point.
For example, in the example above, the starting point can be:
1. F sits 3rd to right of B.
2. H, who sits 2nd to left of A
Here, we will start with position of B. This gives us 4 possibilities:
Pic 1

3. E, the father sits 3rd to right of brother-in-law. ⇒ this creates 2 additional possibilities for 1st and 2nd:
Pic 2

So far, we’ve got 6 possibilities using Starting Points.

Let’s solve using Connecting Dots.

What are Connecting Dots?
Connecting dots are the little pieces of information in the question that tends to provide further arrangement based on the position of people already seated. Connecting dots in the question above:

1. D sits opposite to G, a first generation female, who is not A’s neighbor.
⇒ G is Mother as she belongs to 1st generation. ⇒ This will eliminate 2a) & 4) possibility and the remaining space is allotted to C.
Pic 33. No we know the position of Mother, so we’ll use the info connected with Mother.
Neither F nor H is the wife of A. Neither A nor D sit with wife or mother. ⇒ this eliminates possibility 2b)
Pic 44. A’s sister-in-law & sister sit opposite to each other. ⇒ This eliminates 1a) & 1b) possibilities as only 3) possibility has space for two people opposite to each other without any relation tag.

H isn’t blood relative of A. ⇒ H is sister-in-law & F is sister while B is brother(only relation left).

pic 5

Now we have got the sitting arrangement with properly using Starting Points and Connecting the dots.

Caution:
This can be a bit of time consuming with respect to amount of time we invest in drawing all the possibilities.
1. But if we practice enough and get the hang of how possibilities are made then such questions can easily solved within 7-10 minutes.
2. Always remember to make as many possibilities as possible because accuracy of such questions depends on your ability to imagine the possible positions of various people & striking the correct one in the end after all the conditions have been met.
3. Just keep practicing the possibilities diagram & when you’ll get hang of it, such passages will become easier to solve.

4. Also, try to solve such complicated passages in the last 10-15 minutes after you’ve done all the easy & less-time-consuming part as these passages require un-divided attention which can only be given when we’re not under pressure.

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