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1. A federal structure for India was
first put forward by the :
(1) Act of 1909 (2) Act of 1919
(3) Act of 1935 (4) Act of 1947
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 27.02.2000
(First Sitting)

2. Which of the following exercised
the most profound influence in
framing the Indian Constitution?
(1) British Constitution
(2) US Constitution
(3) Irish Constitution
(4) The Government of India Act,
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 27.02.2000
(Second Sitting)

3. How does the Constitution of India
describe India as?
(1) A federation of States and
Union Territories
(2) A Union of States
(3) Bharatvarsh
(4) A federated nation
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 27.02.2000
(Second Sitting)

4. The system of judicial review
originated in
(1) India (2) Gemany
(3) Russia (4) U.S.A.
(SSC Section Officer (Audit)
Exam. 09.09.2001)

5. Preventive detention means–
(1) detention for interrogation
(2) detention after interrogation
(3) detention without interrogation
(4) detention for cognisable
(SSC Section Officer (Audit)
Exam. 14.12.2003)

6. What was the basis for
constituting the Constituent
Assembly of India ?
(1) The Resolution of the Indian
National Congress
(2) The Cabinet Mission Plan,
(3) The Indian Independence Act,
(4) The resolutions of the
Provincial/State Legislatures of
the Dominion of India
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004
(Second Sitting)

7. From the Constitution of which
country the provision of
Federation was borrowed while
framing the Constitution of
India ?
(1) USA (2) UK
(3) Canada (4) Switzerland
(SSC Section Officer (Commercial
Audit) Exam. 25.09.2005)

8. Who among the following was not
a member of the Consti-tuent
Assembly established in July
1946 ?
(1) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
(2) K M Munshi
(3) Mahatma Gandhi
(4) Abul Kalam Azad
(SSC Section Officer (Commercial
Audit) Exam. 25.09.2005)

9. Who was the Chairman of the
Drafting Committee of the
Constitution ?
(1) J. B. Kripalani
(2) Rajendra Prasad
(3) J. L. Nehru
(4) B. R. Ambedkar
(SSC Statistical Investigators
Grade–IV Exam. 13.08.2006)

10. India is a republic because—
(1) it is democratic country
(2) It is a parl iamentary
(3) the head of the state is elected
for a definite period
(4) All of these
(SSC Statistical Investigators
Grade–IV Exam. 13.08.2006)

Solution :-

1. (3) The Government of India Act 1935, the voluminous
and final constitutional effort at governing British
India, articulated three major goals: establishing a
loose federal structure, achieving provincial autonomy,
and safeguarding minority interests through separate
electorates. The federal provisions, intended to unite
princely states and British India at the centre, were
not implemented because of ambiguities in
safeguarding the existing privileges of princes. In
February 1937, however, provincial autonomy became
a reality when elections were held.

2. (4) The most profound influence was exercised by
the Government of India Act of 1935. Such features
as the federal scheme, office of governor, power of
federal judiciary, emergency powers etc were drawn
from this Act. The British practice influenced the
lawmaking procedures, rule of law, system of single
citizenship, besides, of course, the model of a
parliamentary government. The US Constitution
inspired details on the independence of judiciary,
judicial review, fundamental rights, and the removal
of Supreme Court and High Court judges. The Irish
Constitution was the source of the Directive
Principles, method of Presidential elections, and the
nomination of members of Rajya Sabha by the

3. (2) With its adoption, the Union of India officially
became the modern and contemporary Republic of
India and it replaced the Government of India Act
1935 as the country’s fundamental governing
document. The Constitution declares India to be a
sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic,
assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty,
and endeavours to promote fraternity among them.

4. (4) Judicial review is the doctrine under which
legislative and executive actions are subject to review
(and possible invalidation) by the judiciary. It is an
example of the separation of powers in a modern
governmental system (where the judiciary is one of
three branches of government). Is is one of the main
characteristics of government in the Republic of the
United States. In the United States, federal and state
courts (at all levels, both appellate and trial) are able
to review and declare the “constitutionality”, or
agreement with the Constitution (or lack there of) of
legislation that is relevant to any case properly within
their jurisdiction. In American legal language, “judicial
review” refers primarily to the adjudication of
constitutionality of statutes, especially by the Supreme
Court of the United States.

5. (3) Preventive detention is an imprisonment that is
putatively justified for non-punitive purposes. In
contrast to this, under preventive detention the
government can imprison a person for some time
without a criminal charge. It means that if the
government feels that a person being at liberty can
be a threat to the law and order or the unity and
integrity of the nation, it can detain or arrest that
person to prevent him from doing this possible harm.

6. (2) The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to
write the Constitution of India. The Constituent
Assembly was set up while India was still under
British rule, following negotiations between Indian
leaders and members of the 1946 Cabinet Mission
to India from the United Kingdom. The Assembly
members were elected to it indirectly by the members
of the individual provincial legislative assemblies, and
initially included representatives for those provinces
which came to form part of Pakistan, some of which
are now within Bangladesh.

7. (3) Though the basic features of Indian Constitution
are based on the Government of India Act, 1935, it
has many features which were borrowed from many
foreign constitutions. It was from the Canadian
Constitution that India borrowed a quasi-federal form
of government (a federal system with a strong central
government) and the idea of Residual Powers.

8. (3) The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to
write the Constitution of India. Some of its prominent
members were Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Maulana
Abul Kalam Azad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Acharya
J.B. Kriplani, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Smt. Sarojini
Naidu, Shri Hare-Krushna Mahatab, Pandit Govind
Ballabh Pant, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, Shri Sarat Chandra
Bose, Shri C. Rajagopalachari and Shri M. Asaf Ali.

9. (4) On 29 August, 1947, the Drafting Committee was
appointed, with Dr B. R. Ambedkar as the Chairman
along with six other members assisted by a
constitutional advisor. These members were
Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi (K M Munshi, Ex- Home
Minister, Bombay), Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer (Ex-
Advocate General, Madras State), N Gopalaswami
Ayengar (Ex-Prime Minister, J&K and later member
of Nehru Cabinet), B L Mitter (Ex-Advocate General,
India), Md. Saadullah (Ex- Chief Minister of Assam,
Muslim League member) and D P Khaitan (Scion of
Khaitan Business family and a renowned lawyer). The
constitutional advisor was Sir Benegal Narsing Rau
(who became First Indian Judge in International Court
of Justice, 1950–54).

10. (3) India is a republic because India elects its supreme
head. It is called a republic because of the applicable
definition of a republic: a form of government in which
representatives are entitled to act on behalf of the
people whom they represent.


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