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Phrasal Verbs Tricks & Tips Day 2

Phrasal Verbs Tricks & Tips Day 2


What is a phrasal verb?

A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb alone.

  • Today’s verb: Burn
  • Today’s phrasal verbs: Burn up, Burn down, Burn away, Burn Off, Burn Out, etc.

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 1: Burn up… or burn down???

The following conversation between ‘Kevin’ and ‘Roger’ will explain the meaning of all these phrasal verbs.

Kevin: Do you know, yesterday Tom’s house burnt up. Fortunately, all are safe.

Roger: Thank they’re safe! But you should focus more on phrasal verbs especially for the upcoming aptitude test. Houses don’t burn up, they burn down.

Kevin: These phrasal verbs get on my nerves sometimes. What’s the difference between ‘burn up’ and ‘burn down’?

Roger: When something burns up, it uses energy to produce flames. When something burns down, it is destroyed by fire. That’s why we use ‘burn up’ to mean ‘to get angry’. We just use our energy to produce flames, when we become angry.

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 1 - Burn Up

Kevin: But I have read in a newspaper that a satellite is burnt up’. Why is it so?

Roger: Maybe to avoid confusion.

Kevin: To avoid confusion?!  Hmm… The satellite burnt up… The building burnt down…
Ha! The satellite burnt down up in the sky; the house burnt down to the ground! So, they didn’t want to use ‘down’, ‘up’ and ‘in the sky’. Just ‘burn up’.

Roger: Maybe. Phrasal verbs in English can’t always be explained with a single rule, but there is always some logic behind them.

Kevin: Hmm! The satellite burnt up in the sky; the house burnt down to the ground. It won’t be confusing anymore!

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 1 - Burn Down

Roger: These are some other phrasal verbs of burn: burn away, burn off, burn out.

Kevin: Burn out means to be exhausted or tired.

Roger: Yes! It also means to wear out. ‘The light bulb or the fan burnt out’. Burn away means to remove something, using heat or fire. Like, ‘they burnt away weeds’. But, burn off means to disappear because of warmth or heat. ‘Dew burns off after sunrise’. Here, no one is intentionally removing the dew. As heat increased, it just vanished.

Kevin: Okay! Burn away vs. burn off; burn up vs. burn down; burn out! Got them all, thanks, Roger!!!

  • Today’s verb: Get
  • Today’s phrasal verbs: Get about, get across, get ahead, get along, etc.

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 2: Get

The following conversation between ‘Kevin’ and ‘Roger’ will explain the meaning of all the phrasal verbs associated with the verb ‘get’.

Roger: Hey, look what I have brought for you.

Kevin: Phrasal verb flash cards!?

Roger: But only for phrasal verbs with ‘get’. I couldn’t find others. I used them when I was in the middle school.

Kevin: Still, very kind of you. Let me have a look at them. These are so easy to understand and remember, get ahead… be in the front… successful…

Get Ahead

Meaning: To achieve success, to prosper.

Get = to gain.
Ahead = in the front.

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 2 - Get AheadMemory tip: To be in the front by becoming successful.

Usage: He helped plenty of his villagers to get ahead.

Roger: Also, when you try to overtake a vehicle, you want to get ahead of that vehicle.

Get Across

Meaning: Clarify, explain.

Get = to receive
Ahead = from one side to the other

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 2 - Get Across

Memory tip: To get your thoughts across to the other person.

Usage: I want to get it across that I am not in favour of this motion.

Kevin: Okay! Get across… Ha ha! I wish these phrasal verbs could ‘get across’ from your brain to mine!

Roger: Well, if we try to get something across, it will get across.

Kevin: ???!!!

RogerGet across means both: to make something clear or explain and to become clear or understand.

Kevin: Okay! Let me check out other cards too. These are easy to remember.

Get Among

Meaning: Being surrounded by/being in the company of/join a group.

Get = to cause to be
Among = surrounded by

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 2 - Get Among

Memory tip: To get among (= surrounded by) a group or people.

Usage: Alibaba got among thieves.

 

Get About

Meaning: Circulate, spread.

Get = to cause to be
About = in rotation

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 2 - Get About

Memory tip: To cause to rotate (circulate).

Usage: Whatever happens in the life of celebrities get about quickly.

 

Get Along

Meaning: To be on friendly terms.

Get = to cause to be
Along = accompanying someone

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 2 - Get Along

Memory tip: To be a companion.

Usage: She gets along with children.

 

Get at

Meaning: To reach/to imply (something).

Get = to cause to be
At = preposition expressing location

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 2 - Get At.jpg

Memory tip: To be somewhere/to be on a conclusion.

Usage: 1. It’s difficult for the baby to get at the medicines placed on the top shelf.

2. What are you trying to get at by explaining me the events?

Kevin: I thought get along and get ahead mean the same.

Roger: Of course, they can be used as synonyms for ‘to be successful’. As I told you, ‘get ahead’ means ‘to advance’, ‘to be in the front’. It gives us an impression that we must put some effort. Get along means ‘without much effort’ as if we are born to win. Extroverts get along easily; they seem to be born to interact easily. But it is difficult for introverts to interact continuously with people.

Kevin: Thank you, Roger! I will go through them and will ask you if I have any doubt.

Roger: Always welcome! 🙂

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 3: Get

Get Round

Meaning: To escape by tricking someone.

Get = to cause to go.
Round = to make round.

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 3 - Get Round

Memory tip: You might have seen in movies people escaping goons by circling a tree.

Usage: While camping last week, Mohan got round a ferocious bear by posing dead!

 

Get On

Meaning: To progress with something.

Get = to cause to be
On = with continued action

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 3 - Get On

Memory tip: Doing something continuously can lead to progress. (Learning is a continuous process‼!)

Usage: Get on with your work!

 

Get Through

Meaning: To finish by overcoming obstacles.

Get = to be able to manage
Through = from beginning to end

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 3 - Get Through

Memory tip: To get through to the winning point of a hurdle race.

Usage: He got through the exam.

 

Get Over

Meaning: To overcome.

Get = to cause to be
Over = to a position higher than

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 3 - Get Over

Memory Tip: To rise (over) and shine!

Usage: How did she get over the tragedy?

 

Get Off

Meaning: To escape a punishment.

Get = to cause to be
Off = away

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 3 - Get Off

Memory Tip: If you are stuck on a crashing plane, you don’t land. You jump off using a parachute instead!

Usage: Although the neighbours saw her steal from them, she was able to get off with a warning.

 

Get Down

Meaning: To start, involve.

Get = to cause to be
Down = a lower position that you can take

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 3 - Get Down

Memory tip: Generally when we work, we first sit down.

Usage: Let’s get down to work.

  • Today’s verb: Put
  • Today’s phrasal verbs: Put down, put away, put forth, put off, put on, put out.

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 4 – Put

Put Down

Meaning: Make a humiliating remark, to suppress.

Put = to bring
Down = to a lower position

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 4 - Put Down

Memory tip: Negative remarks cause a drop in your energy levels.

Usage: The government was successful in putting down the rebellion.

 

Put Away

Meaning: 1. Abandon/discard.
2. To place something in its designated place.

Put = to place
Away = at a distance

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 4 - Put Away.gif

Memory tip: When you abandon/discard something, you put it away from yourself. How far away you put it, depends on you.

Usage: 1. He put away his old books.
2. Please put away the vegetables and clear the kitchen counter.

 

Put Forth

Meaning: To suggest, present.

Get = to place
Forth = forward

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 4 - Put Forth

Memory tip: When you come forward, you are seen; when you put forward (forth), what you place is seen.

Usage: He put forth his proposal in the meeting.

 

Put On

Meaning: To wear.

Put = to place
On = in a position over & in contact with.

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 4 - Put On

Memory Tip: To place the dress over and in contact with the body = wear!

Usage: She put her white dress on for the party.

 

Put Off

Meaning: 1. To postpone.
2. To spoil someone’s mood, to discourage someone from doing something.

Put = to place
Off = away

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 4

Memory Tip: 1. To keep an event/task away, and hence delay it!
2. When something spoils your mood, the switch to your happiness gets switched off.

Usage: 1. He put off the meeting.

2.The food was fine, but the bad smell in the restuarant really put me off.

 

Put Out

Meaning: To extinguish.

Put = to place
Out = outside

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 4

Memory tip: Generally when we work, we first sit down.

Usage: Let’s get down to work.

  • Today’s verb: Bear
  • Today’s phrasal verbs: Bear away, bear down, bear out, bear up, bear with

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 5 – Bear

Roger: Hi, Kevin! What’s up?

Kevin: Roger! You have come at the right time. Please help me with this exercise.

Roger: What is it?

Kevin: Phrasal verbs with ‘bear’; here you go.

Fill up the blanks using the prepositions given in the brackets.(away, with, out, down, up, in, on)

  1. Ratna bore ______ many prizes at the Youth Festival.
  2. You must bear ______ this time to clear this project.
  3. He gave testimony bearing ______ the claim of the victim.
  4. A religious hope bears ______ a man in his trials.
  5. A strong man bears ______ sufferings.

 

Bear Down

Roger: Suppose, you are moving through a forest area. Suddenly, a bear appears in front of you! You have a fight with him and defeat him. The bear falls downThe bear is down when you bear down on it!bear down

Kevin: Ha! ‘Bear down’ means to ‘overcome’!

Roger: Yes, ‘bear down’ basically means to use all your effort to do something. Just like you focused your effort on defeating the bear and you overcame it. It also means to overthrow, push, press etc.

bear down

 

Bear Out

Roger: Next, bear out. Confirmed news, the bear is out!! When a bear escapes from a sanctuary to a town, the authority, first of all, confirms if the bear has really escaped. A sanctuary is so big and we cannot just say, ‘it escaped’. We need to confirm. So, ‘bear out’ means to confirm. You can remember it like this: Confirmed news, the bear is out!news
Kevin: Hmm, that’s an effective way!

 

Bear With

Roger: You know Kevin, when you’re with a bear, you must remain calm and patient. Or else, you may provoke it. That’s our next trick: bear with means to have patience! Remain calm and patient when you’re with a bear!Image result for man stand still bear

Kevin: Cool!!

 

Bear Away

Roger: Ratna bore _____ many prizes. What do you think she has done?

Kevin: Of course, she won many prizes.

Roger: If you are a beekeeper, you must keep bears away from your farm. That’s your task and if you keep the bear away, you win!

Image result for keep the bear away from the farm

 

Bear Up

Roger: If you climb up a tree to escape from a bear, you have to be optimistic that it will go to another place and you can climb down safely. All you have to do is remain calm in the middle of all the stress.

Bear up means to remain cheerful in the face of adversity or optimistic or positive. Climb up the tree and be positive that the bear will go away!

Here are the answers!!!

  1. Ratna bore away many prizes at the Youth Festival.
  2. You must bear down this time to clear this project.
  3. He gave testimony bearing out the claim of the victim.
  4. A religious hope bears up a man in his trials.
  5. A strong man bears with sufferings.
  • Today’s verb: Give
  • Today’s phrasal verbs: Give in, give out, give up, give way

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 6 – Give

Etymology

Do you know in Old English the word ‘give’ was not present? They used ‘giefan’ (past tense: geaf, past participle: giefen) meaning to give, bestow, entrust, deliver to another, grant, commit and devote.

In Middle English, it became ‘yiven’ and later, ‘give’.

Give In

Meaning:

  1. To stop fighting, admit defeat.
  2. To agree to do something that you do not want to do.

Image result for sheba gave solomon gifts

Memory tip: Give in means “yield”
‘Yield’ means surrender and in old days, kings would
send gifts to show that they do not want to fight.

Usage: The hijackers were forced to give in.

 

Give Out

Meaning:

  1. To give something to a lot of people.
  2. To come to an end.

Image result for kindness cycle

Memory tip: Misers think giving out will lead to ‘give out’;
wise men know giving out begets giving out.

Usage: 1. The clerk gave out the identity cards.
2. Food supplies gave out in the refugee camp.

 

Give Up

Meaning:

To stop trying to do something.

untitled

Memory tip: You say, “It’s up to you”, when you
give up an argument.

Usage: He doesn’t give up easily.

 

Give Way

Meaning: 

  1. To stop resisting somebody/something.
  2. To break or fall down.

Image result for give way

Memory tip: Always give way to the ambulance
or a family will give way
.”

Usage: 1. The building collapsed as the pillars gave way.
2. He gave way when the kid was about to show
yet another tantrum.

 

Give Over

Meaning:

A phrase used to tell somebody to stop doing something.

Image result for stop fighting kids

Memory tip: Give and ‘it’s over’

Usage: Give over fighting!

 

  • Today’s verb: Look
  • Today’s phrasal verbs: Look after, look at, look back, look for, look out for

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 7 – Look [Part 1]

Look after

Hindi translation: देखभाल करना

Meaning: To take care of someone or something.

Memory Tip: When you care, your eyes follow!

Image result for look at

Use in Sentence: James looks after his kitten as if it is
his younger brother.

 

Look at

Hindi translation: की ओर देखना, पर्यवेक्षण करना

Meaning:

1. To direct your eyes towards someone or something so
that you can see them.
2. To consider something in a particular way.

Memory Tip: Look at the way I look at it, then you
will understand.

Image result for look at

Use in Sentence: Look at the answers from Professor’s
point of view.

 

Look back

Hindi translation: याद करना

Meaning: To think about something that has
happened in the past.

Memory Tip: Peeche mudkar na dekho, faisle par atal raho!

Image result for look back

Use in Sentence: When I look back, I can see my faults!

 

Look for

Hindi translation: ढूंढ़ना

Meaning:

1. To search for something or someone.
2. To expect something.

Memory Tip: To look for, to search for.

Image result for search for

Use in Sentence: He is looking for answers in life.

 

Look out for

Hindi translationसावधान रहना होगा

Meaning: To watch what is happening and be careful.

Memory Tip: Watch out! Look out!

Image result for look out

Use in Sentence: Look out for your path.

 

  • Today’s verb: Look
  • Today’s phrasal verbs: Look down on, look up, look up to, look through, look into

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 8

Look down on

Hindi translation: नाचीज समझना     

Meaning: To consider someone or something as not important.

Memory Tip: Poor people are included in the lowest
strata – down.

Image result for low class middle class

Use in Sentence: Mr. Darcy looked down on Miss. Elizabeth
when they first met.

 

Look up

Hindi translation: नज़र फेंकना   

Meaning:

  1. To try to find a particular piece of information by
    looking in a book or on a list, or by using
    a computer.
  2. To become better.
  3. To visit someone where they live.

Memory Tip: Look up when things become better or safe.

Image result for peek dog

Use in Sentence: I looked up for his contact number in
the directory.

 

Look up to

Hindi translation: आदर करना

Meaning: To admire and respect someone.

Memory Tip:  Bacche badon ki or dekhte hain kyun
ki unke liye wahi role models hote hain.

Use in Sentence: All the students look up to the new teacher.

 

Look through

Hindi translation: तेजी से पढ़ना

Meaning: To read something quickly, especially to find the
information you need.

Memory Tip: Remember Mr. Chiti scanning books
at the saloon?

Use in Sentence: He looked through the diaries to find a hint.

 

Look into

Hindi translationजांच पड़ताल करना

Meaning: To investigate, to acquire facts especially
about a crime.

Memory Tip: Policemen look inside (into) the car
while searching.

Related image

Use in Sentence: He assured me that he would look into
my complaint.

  • Today’s verb: Jump
  • Today’s phrasal verbs: Jump at, jump on, jump out, jump in

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 9 – Jump

Jump At

Meaning: To accept something eagerly.

Image result for grabbing by jumping funny

Memory Tip: When the opportunity is too amazing, you
literally jump at it.

Usage: When he was asked to draw illustrations for the
project, he jumped at it.

 

Jump On

Meaning: Attack or take hold of (someone) suddenly.
Criticize (someone) suddenly and severely.

Image result for white tiger jumping at you

Memory Tip: Hide and then jump! That’s how lions and
tigers attack.

Usage: The politician jumped on his opponent.

 

Jump Out

Meaning: Have a strong visual or mental impact.

Memory Tip: Some advertisements really jump out.

Usage: The company wants a socially productive
advertisement which will jump out.

 

Jump In

Meaning: To interrupt when someone else is speaking.

Usage: His habit of jumping in annoys me.

  • Today’s verb: Back, Bank
  • Today’s phrasal verbs: Back away, back out, bank on

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 10 – Back

Back away

Meaning: to move backward away from something or someone

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 10

Memory Tip: This means they went backward, away from the spot.
And, for short, backed away

Usage: They backed away from the accident spot when the police asked.

 

Back out

Meaning: to decide not to do something that you had said you would do

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 10

Memory Tip: ‘Out’ sounds like leaving something you
were already in, a part of

Usage: They backed out of the deal.

 

Back down

Meaning: to admit that you were wrong or that you have been defeated

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 10

Memory Tip: Back down sounds similar to sit down; In ancient times,
people sit down and bow to admit defeat

Usage: He showed wisdom by backing down.

 

 

Bank on

Meaning: To base your hopes on something/someone

Phrasal Verbs Made Easy Capsule 10

Memory Tip: Bank on sounds similar to “bank loan” –
a hope for people in financial difficulty
Bank se loan ke liye apply kiya hai, time par paise de denge

Usage: I’m banking on you with this project.


Phrasal Verbs Made Easy PDF Capsule 10 – 
Exercise

 

Match the following
  1. Back out
  2. Back down
  3. Back away
  • retreat (an act of moving back)
  • withdraw one’s position in an argument
  • fail to keep a promise

Here are the answers!

  1. Back out
  2. Back down
  3. Back away
  • fail to keep a promise
  • withdraw one’s position in an argument
  • retreat (an act of moving back)
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