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Launched on 1st July, 2015 with the motto of “Har Khet Ko Paani”, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) is being implemented to expand cultivated area with assured irrigation, reduce wastage of water and improve water use efficiency. PMKSY not only focuses on creating sources for assured irrigation, but also creating protective irrigation by harnessing rain water at micro level through “Jal Sanchay” and “Jal Sinchan”. Micro irrigation is also incentivized through subsidy to ensure “Per drop-More crop”.
PMKSY will be supervised and monitored by an Inter-Ministerial National Steering Committee (NSC) will be constituted under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister with Union Ministers from concerned Ministries. A National Executive Committee (NEC) will be constituted under the Chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog to oversee programme implementation, allocation of resources, inter ministerial coordination, monitoring & performance assessment, addressing administrative issues etc
objectives of PMKSY
The broad objectives of PMKSY include:
♦ Achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level (preparation of district level and, if required, sub district level water use plans).
♦ Enhance the physical access of water on the farm and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet Ko Pani).
♦ Integration of water source, distribution and its efficient use, to make best use of water through appropriate technologies and practices.
♦ Improve on – farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage and increase availability both in duration and extent.
♦ Enhance the adoption of precision – irrigation and other water saving technologies (More Crop Per Drop).
♦ Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices.
♦ Ensure the integrated development of rainfed areas using the watershed approach towards soil and water conservation, regeneration of ground water, arresting runoff, providing livelihood options and other NRM activities.
♦ Promote extension activities relating to water harvesting, water management and crop alignment for farmers and grass root level field functionaries.
♦ Explore the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture.
PMKSY aims at a ‘decentralized State level planning and execution’ structure, in order to allow States to draw up a District Irrigation Plan (DIP) and a State Irrigation Plan (SIP). DIP will have holistic developmental perspective of the district outlining medium to long term developmental plans integrating three components namely, water sources, distribution network and water use application of the district to be prepared at two levels – the block and the district. All structures created under the schemes will be geotagged.
Components of PMKSY
- Water Resource: Source augmentation, distribution, ground water development, lift irrigation, diversion of water from water plenty to water scarce areas, supplementing rain water harvesting beyond IWMP, MGNREGA, repair, restoration, renovation of traditional water bodies.
- Per Drop More Crop (Micro Irrigation): Installation of Micro Irrigation Systems (Drip & Sprinkler) in fields, extension activities, coordination & management.
- Watershed: Ridge area treatment, drainage line treatment, soil and moisture conservation, water harvesting structure, livelihood support activities and other watershed works.