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# Reasoning Mix Quiz

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1. Statement: Next time, when you lose your baggage or meet with an accident while travelling by train, you need not run from pillar to post and wait for years before the cheque lands at your door.

Which of the following can be inferred from the given information? (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given information.)

A) There will be quicker settlement of claims into the claimant’s account.
C) The loss will be covered by any insurance company through railways.
D) There will be direct settlement of claim by the IRCTC.
E) None of these

Directions: In the question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions and decide which of them logically follow/s beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

2.Statement: People with anger issues tend to think others are being hostile when they are not
Conclusion I: People with anger issues often make the wrong conclusions about the intentions of others
Conclusion II: People with anger issues notice only those things that reinforce their belief that the other person is challenging them.

A) If only conclusion I follows
B) If only conclusion II follows
C) If either I or II follows
D) If neither I nor II follows; and
E) If both I and II follow.

Directions: In the question below is given a statement or passage followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the given assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Arnab Goswami’s interview of Narandra Modi was a little out of track. It was truly sober and unlike him. And we as viewers and critics of his style of journalism would much appreciate if this comes as a turning point in his career. Bu that would be too much of optimism on our part

3. Assumption I: Arnab Goswami is capable of conducting interviews in a sober manner

Assumption II: Too much of optimism regarding something is not likely to be vindicated

A) if only Assumption I is implicit
B) if only Assumption II is implicit
C) if either Assumption I or Assumption II is implicit
D) if neither Assumption I nor Assumption II is implicit
E) if both Assumption I and Assumption II are implicit

Direction: In this question is given a statement followed by two inferences numbered I and II. (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can be inferred from given information.) You have to consider the statement and the inferences and then decide which of these can be drawn from the given statement and select the appropriate answer.

4. Statement: Typhoon Nepartak made first landfall early yesterday in eastern Taiwan, packing winds of up to 190 kms per hour gusting up to 234 kms per hour leaving two people dead and 72 injured.

Inference I: Nepartak was not blowing into Taiwan from a westerly direction

Inference II: There would have been many more fatalities had the typhoon been blowing at more than its reported speed

A) Only I
B) Only II
C) Either I or II
D) Neither I nor II
E) Both I and II

Direction: In this question is given a statement or passage followed by two inferences numbered I and II. (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can be inferred from given information.) You have to consider the statement and the inferences and then decide which of these can be drawn from the given statement and select appropriate answer.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday night arrived in Durban from Johannesburg for the second day of his engagements in South Africa. This is his Modi’s first visit to mainland Africa and also the first prime ministerial visit from India to South Africa since Prime Minister Manmohan Singh arrived in 2013 for the G20 summit in Durban.

5.Inference I: Johannesburg is the seat of the South African government
Inference II: Manmohan Singh made the first bilateral visit by an Indian PM to South Africa

A) Only I
B) Only II
C) Either I or II
D) Neither I nor II
E) Both I and II

Direction: In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions and decide which of them logically follow/s beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

6. Statement: A bipartisan group of two US lawmakers has introduced in the House of Representatives a legislation, which if passed by the Congress, would prevent Indian companies from hiring IT professionals on H-1B and L1 work visas.

Conclusion I: The passage of the bill into law will have a major impact on big Indian IT companies
Conclusion II: The two US lawmakers do not belong to the same political party

A) If only conclusion I follows
B) If only conclusion II follows
C) If either I or II follows
D) If neither I nor II follows; and
E) If both I and II follow.

Directions: The question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is strong and which one weak.

7.  Statement: Should women carry a powerful light-weight flashlight as much as pepper spray, a personal alarm, and keys to clutch between her knuckles, to defend herself against attacks on her person?

Argument I: No. The more the things she carries the less her mobility

Argument II: Yes. Not only is a flash light immediately activated, it will also expose an attacker lurking in the shadows, dazzle and blind an attacker, and come in handy as a blunt object during a struggle

A) If only argument I is strong
B) If only argument II is strong
C) If either I or II is strong
D) If neither I nor II is strong and
E) If both I and II are strong

Directions: Read the statement given below and answer the question that follows it

8. Statement: Diabetes burdens women in a unique way
Which of the following supports the claim made in the statement above?

A) Diabetes can be a killer
B) More women than men suffer from diabetes
C) Diabetes affects both a mother and the unborn child inside her body
D) Older women are less capable of coping with diabetes compared to younger women
E) Both C and D

Directions: The question given below is a statement or passage followed by assumptions marked I, II, III, IV and V). An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the given assumptions and decide which of them is/are implicit in the statement

9.Statement: If you’re like most Americans, you probably don’t get eight hours sleep each night.

Which of the following is/are assumptions implicit in the statement above?

I. You may be like most Americans

II. Most Americans often get less than eight hours of sleep every night

III. A few Americans certainly get eight hours of sleep every night

IV. Many Americans sleep during the day

V. Most Americans are overburdened with work and responsibilities

A) Only I, II and III
B) Only IV and V
C) Only II and III
D) Only I and II and IV
E) Only I and II

Directions: Given below is a passage followed by several possible inferences that can be drawn on the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.

If you constantly feel exhausted, experience headaches for no obvious reason or have high blood pressure, you could have a more serious problem. That’s because these can all be the result of snoring, which is, in turn, the most common symptom of a potentially serious health problem–obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). While most people think of snoring as a minor annoyance, it can be hazardous to health. That’s because it’s related to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). People who suffer from OSA repeatedly and unknowingly stop breathing during the night due to a complete or partial obstruction of their airway. It occurs when the jaw, throat, and tongue muscles relax, blocking the airway used for breathing. Thankfully, most people wake when a complete or partial obstruction occurs, but it can leave them feeling completely exhausted. OSA, which has been linked to health problems like acid reflux, frequent night time urination, memory loss, stroke, depression, diabetes and heart attack, can be expensive to diagnose and treat and is not always covered by insurance. A sleep clinic will require an overnight visit costing up to \$5,000. Doctors then analyse the data and prescribe one of several treatments. These may require you to wear uncomfortable CPAP devices that force air through your nose and mouth while you sleep to keep your airways open, and may even include painful surgery. Fortunately, there is now a comfortable, non-invasive and far less costly treatment option available: wearing a simple chin strap while you are sleeping. The chin strap works by supporting the lower jaw and tongue, preventing obstruction of the airway. It’s made from a high-tech, lightweight and super-comfortable material. Thousands of people have used this chin strap to help relieve their snoring symptoms, and they have reported better sleeping and better health overall because of it.

10. Inference I: If you do not constantly feel exhausted, do not experience headaches with no obvious reason, and do not have low blood pressure, you do not suffer from OSD

A) If the inference is ‘definitely true,’ that is, it properly follows from the statement of facts given
B) If the inference is ‘probably true, though not definitely true in the light of the facts given
C) If the ‘data are inadequate, that is, from the facts given, you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false
D) If the inference is probably false, though not definitely false, in the light of the facts given
E) If the inference is definitely false, that is, it cannot possibly be drawn on the facts given or it contradicts the given facts

11. Inference II: This passage has been written for American readers

A) If the inference is ‘definitely true,’ that is, it properly follows from the statement of facts given
B) If the inference is ‘probably true, though not definitely true in the light of the facts given
C) If the ‘data are inadequate, that is, from the facts given, you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false
D) If the inference is probably false, though not definitely false, in the light of the facts given
E) If the inference is definitely false, that is, it cannot possibly be drawn on the facts given or it contradicts the given facts

12. Inference III: Common Indians suffering from OSD may not prefer the chin strap treatment over other treatments currently in practice

A) If the inference is ‘definitely true,’ that is, it properly follows from the statement of facts given
B) If the inference is ‘probably true, though not definitely true in the light of the facts given
C) If the ‘data are inadequate, that is, from the facts given, you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false
D) If the inference is probably false, though not definitely false, in the light of the facts given
E) If the inference is definitely false, that is, it cannot possibly be drawn on the facts given or it contradicts the given facts

Solutions