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Reasoning Quiz On Statement and Assumptions Day 20 Bag

Reasoning Quiz On Statement and Assumptions Day 20 Bag


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Directions(1-5) : In each question below a statement (or a passage) is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken in for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and then decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:

(a) if only assumption I is implicit.

(b) if only assumption II is implicit.

(c) if either assumption I or assumption II is implicit.

(d) if neither of the assumptions is implicit.

(e) if both the assumptions are implicit.

 

  1. Statement : ‘You are expected to be frank and objective while writing yourself appraisal report’ – An institution for writing self appraisal report.

Assumptions :

  1. Unless cautioned, people may tend to be little shy and less objective while writing their self appraisal report.
  2. Every self appraisal report helps the person in his further development.

(a) Only assumption I is implicit in the statement. The instruction was given on the assumption that people tend to be little shy and less objective while writing their self appraisal report.

  1. Statement : The higher echelon of any organisation are expected to be models of observational learning and should not be considered as merely sources of reward and punishments.

Assumptions :

  1. Employees are likely to be sensitive enough to learn by observing the behaviour of their bosses.
  2. Normally bosses are considered as sources of reward and punishment.

2. (e) Both assumption I and II are implicit in the statement. Assumption I is clearly implicit in the statement since it is stated that bosses should not be considered as merely sources of reward and punishments. It implies that the bosses are generally considered so. Hence assumption II is also implicit in the statement.

  1. Statement : “But, out of A,B,C and D products, you buy ‘B’ which alone is based on the international technology” – A shopkeeper tells a customer.

Assumptions :

  1. The customers normally accept the recommendation of the shopkeeper.
  2. Use of international technology is supposed to ensure better quality standards.

3. (e) Both the assumption I and II are implicit in the statement. Assumption II is clearly implicit in the statement. Assumption I is also implicit because the shopkeeper gives his suggestions on the assumption that the customer will consider it.

  1. Statement : Market trends are changing continuously and with increasing competitiveness, the consumers demands with respect to the prices and quality are gradually increasing.

Assumptions :

  1. Consumers did not care for the prices and quality earlier.
  2. Market competitiveness is not favorable for the consumers.

4. (d) Assumption I is not implicit. Consumers are paying mere attention to prices and quality product now-a-days does not mean that they were indifferent to these
factors earlier. Assumption II is just the opposite of what is told in the statement. So it is also not implicit.

  1. Statement : The company has the right to reject any application form without furnishing any reason while shorting the list of candidates for interview – a condition mentioned in the employment notice.

Assumptions :

  1. It is desirable to call only eligible candidates for interview.
  2. The company believes in following impartial practice in all functions.

5. (a) Only assumption I is implicit in the statement. The statement does not imply that all functions of the company are implicit. So assumption II is not implicit.

Directions(1-5) : In each question below a statement (or a passage) is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken in for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and then decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:

(a) if only assumption I is implicit.

(b) if only assumption II is implicit.

(c) if either assumption I or assumption II is implicit.

(d) if neither of the assumptions is implicit.

(e) if both the assumptions are implicit.

 

  1. Statement : ‘You are expected to be frank and objective while writing yourself appraisal report’ – An institution for writing self appraisal report.

Assumptions :

  1. Unless cautioned, people may tend to be little shy and less objective while writing their self appraisal report.
  2. Every self appraisal report helps the person in his further development.

1.(a) Only assumption I is implicit in the statement. The instruction was given on the assumption that people tend to be little shy and less objective while writing their self appraisal report.

  1. Statement : The higher echelon of any organisation are expected to be models of observational learning and should not be considered as merely sources of reward and punishments.

Assumptions :

  1. Employees are likely to be sensitive enough to learn by observing the behaviour of their bosses.
  2. Normally bosses are considered as sources of reward and punishment.

2.(e) Both assumption I and II are implicit in the statement. Assumption I is clearly implicit in the statement since it is stated that bosses should not be considered as merely sources of reward and punishments. It implies that the bosses are generally considered so. Hence assumption II is also implicit in the statement.

  1. Statement : “But, out of A,B,C and D products, you buy ‘B’ which alone is based on the international technology” – A shopkeeper tells a customer.

Assumptions :

  1. The customers normally accept the recommendation of the shopkeeper.
  2. Use of international technology is supposed to ensure better quality standards.

3.(e) Both the assumption I and II are implicit in the statement. Assumption II is clearly implicit in the statement. Assumption I is also implicit because the shopkeeper gives his suggestions on the assumption that the customer will consider it.

  1. Statement : Market trends are changing continuously and with increasing competitiveness, the consumers demands with respect to the prices and

quality are gradually increasing.

Assumptions :

  1. Consumers did not care for the prices and quality earlier.
  2. Market competitiveness is not favorable for the consumers.

 

4.(d) Assumption I is not implicit. Consumers are paying mere attention to prices and quality product now-a-days does not mean that they were indifferent to these
factors earlier. Assumption II is just the opposite of what is told in the statement. So it is also not implicit.

  1. Statement : The company has the right to reject any application form without furnishing any reason while shorting the list of candidates for interview – a condition mentioned in the employment notice.

Assumptions :

  1. It is desirable to call only eligible candidates for interview.
  2. The company believes in following impartial practice in all functions.

 

 

5.(a) Only assumption I is implicit in the statement. The statement does not imply that all functions of the company are implicit. So assumption II is not implicit.

 

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

(A) If only assumption I is implicit
(B) If only assumption II is implicit
(C) If either I or II is implicit
(D) If neither I nor II is implicit
(E) If both I and II are implicit.

1. Statement: “You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation.” – A line in an appointment letter.

Assumptions:
I. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
II. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

ANSWERS:
1. E

2. Statement: It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so.

Assumptions:
I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

ANSWERS:
2.A

3. Statement: “In order to bring punctuality in our office, we must provide conveyance allowance to our employees.” – In charge of a company tells Personnel Manager.

Assumptions:
I. Conveyance allowance will not help in bringing punctuality.
II. Discipline and reward should always go hand in hand.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

ANSWERS:
3.B

4. Statement: Unemployment allowance should be given to all unemployed Indian youth above 18 years of age.

Assumptions:
I. There are unemployed youth in India who needs monetary support.
II. The government has sufficient funds to provide allowance to all unemployed youth.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

ANSWERS:
4.A

5. Statement: “If you trouble me, I will slap you.” – A mother warns her child.

Assumptions:
I. With the warning, the child may stop troubling her.
II. All children are basically naughty.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

ANSWERS:
5.A

6. Statement: The State government has decided to appoint four thousand primary school teachers during the next financial year.

Assumptions:
I. There are enough schools in the state to accommodate four thousand additional primary school teachers.
II. The eligible candidates may not be interested to apply as the government may not finally appoint such a large number of primary school teachers.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

ANSWERS:
6.A

7. Statement: A warning in a train compartment – “To stop train, pull chain. Penalty for improper use Rs. 500.”

Assumptions:
I. Some people misuse the alarm chain.
II. On certain occasions, people may want to stop a running train.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

ANSWERS:
7.E

8. Statement: If it is easy to become an engineer, I don’t want to be an engineer.

Assumptions:
I. An individual aspires to be professional.
II. One desires to achieve a thing which is hard earned.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

ANSWERS:
8.B

9. Statement: The concession in rail fares for the journey to hill stations has been cancelled because it is not needed for people who can spend their holidays there.

Assumptions:
I. Railways should give concession only to needy persons.
II. Railways should not encourage people to spend their holidays at hill stations.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

ANSWERS:
9.A

10. Statement: “The bridge was built at the cost of Rs. 128 crores and even civil bus service is not utilizing it, what a pity to see it grossly underutilized.” – A citizen’s view on a new flyover linking east and west sides of a suburb.

Assumptions:
I. The building of such bridges does not serve any public objective.
II. There has to be some accountability and utility of money spent on public projects.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

ANSWERS:
10.B

Directions : In each question below a statement (or a passage) is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken in for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and then decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:

(a) if only assumption I is implicit.

(b) if only assumption II is implicit.

(c) if either assumption I or assumption II is implicit.

(d) if neither of the assumptions is implicit.

(e) if both the assumptions are implicit.

 

  1. Statement : A sentence in the letter to candidates called for written examination – ‘You have to bear your expenses on travel etc.

Assumptions :

  1. If not clarified all the candidates may claim reimbursement of expenses.
  2. Many organisations reimburse expenses on travel to candidates called for written examination.

Answers

1.(e) It is clearly mentioned in the call letter itself in order to avoid a situation in which the candidates demand for their travelling expenses. So assumption I is implicit. Special mentioning of the fact means that some companies do reimburse the travel expenses.

  1. Statement : It is through participative management policy alone that indiscipline in our industries can be contained and quality of life ensured to the workers.

Assumptions :

  1. Quality of life in our industry is better.
  2. Indiscipline results in poor quality of life.

Answers

2.(d) 
Clearly assumption I is not implicit. Indiscipline in industry and poor quality of life for worker are the two problems pointed at in the statement. But it-is not mentioned that one is the cause of other. So assumption II is also not implicit.

  1. Statement :Many people have expressed surprise as the princes has broken the royal tradition of marriage by choosing a commoner as her life partner.

Assumptions :

  1. People expect royal families to observe customs and traditions.
  2. People still value purity of royal blood and status when it comes to a marriage of members of royal family.

Answers

3. (e) 
As the people surprise the fact that the princes has married a commoner , i.e, a person not of her status and ‘not’ of royal blood’ suggest that assumptions I and II are implicit.

  1. Statement : The chairman and secretary of the housing society have requested society members to use water economically to help society to save on water-tax.

Assumptions :

  1. Majority of members of the society are likely to follow the request.
  2. It is desirable to reduce expenditure whenever possible.

Answers

4. (e) 
When a notice is issued it is expected that the people for which it is issued will pay attention to it. Also the theme of the statement is desirable. Here the theme is reduction of tax, which can be constructed as reduction in expenditure. Hence, the required answer is 5.

  1. Statement : The economic prosperity of any nation is dependent on the quality of its human resources.

Assumption :

  1. It is possible to measure the quality of human resources of a nation.
  2. Achieving economic prosperity is a cherished goal of every nation.

Answers

5. (a) 
Since the statement itself says that economic prosperity is measured by the quality of its human resources, we can say that assumption I is implicit. However, assumption II leaves much to be desired for.

  1. Statement : The campaign of keep your city clean started by the civic council did not evoke any response from the citizen.

Assumptions :

  1. People do not desire to keep their city clean.
  2. The civic council has failed in its campign.

Answers

6. (b) 
The people were not enthused by the campaign does not imply that people do not want to keep their city clean. Thus assumption I is not implicit. Also the main notice. Of the campaign was to involve as many citizens as possible to keep the city clean but it failed to achieve its stipulated target. Thus assumption II is implicit.

  1. Statement : The private bus services in the city has virtually collapsed because of the on going strike of its employees.

Assumptions :

  1. Going on strike has become the right of every employee.
  2. People no more require the services of private bus operators.

Answers

7.(d) 
Assumption I is not at all related to the statement just because private bus operators have gone on strike does not mean that every employee has a right to go for strike (even though it may be true legally, but it is not relevant in this statement). Assumption II is totally irrelevant, hence both the assumptions are not implicit.

 

  1. Statement : The new scheme gives people the opportunity to voluntarily declare their disclosed property and legitimize it by paying the lowest ever

rate of tax.

Assumptions :

  1. The new scheme is much better than the earlier scheme.
  2. People may desire to pay less tax and own things legimately.

Answers

8.(b)
 Since nothing has been said about the earlier scheme or law so we cannot say about the efficiency of the new scheme. Thus assumption I is not implicit. The highlight of the scheme is that people may retain their property by paying lowest ever rate of tax. Thus it can be safely assumed that people desire to pay less tax and own things legally. Thus assumption II is implicit. Hence the required answer is (2).

  1. Statement : An advertisement of a bank “Want to open a bank account ! Just dial our ‘room service’ and we will come at your door steps.”

Assumptions :

  1. There is a section of people who require such service at their home.
  2. Nowadays banking has become very competitive.

Answers

9.(a) 
The advertisement is published with a view to attract customers. Unless and until there exists a section of people who require such kind of services, the bank would not have published the advertisement. The assumption I is implicit. But from the statement we can not assume that banking has became competitive (though we can definitely draw the above said as inference). Hence, the required answer (1).

 

  1. Statement :Do not copy our software without our permission – A notice

Assumptions :

  1. It is possible to copy the software.
  2. Such warning will have some effect.

Answers

10.(e) 
Both the assumptions are implicit. If it was not possible to copy the software, such statement would not have made. The warning is given because it may have some effect. Thus assumptions I and II are implicit.

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