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Reasoning Quiz On Statement and Course of Action Day 22 Bag

Reasoning Quiz On Statement and Course of Action Day 22 Bag


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Directions (Q.1-5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step of administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Give answer 
(a) If only course of action I follows
(b) If only course of action II follows 
(c) If either course of action I or II follows
(d) If neither course of action I nor II follows 
(e)If both courses of action I and II follow. 

1. Statement: 

Many pilgrims died in a stampede while boarding a private ferry to the holy place on the first day of the ten-day-long festival.
Courses of action:
I.The Govt. should immediately cancel the licenses of all the private ferry operators with
  immediate effect.
II.The Govt. should deploy an adequate number of its personnel to guide pilgrims on their
  journey to the holy place.
Answer: (b) I is an insensible action. But II will be helpful in preventing such accidents.
2. Statement: 
Some students of the local college were caught travelling in the train without purchasing valid tickets.
Course of action:
I. The parents of these students should be informed about the incident and requested to counsel their
wards.
II. These students should be put behind bars for travelling without bona fide credentials.
Answer: (a) We should remember that the culprits are mere students. Going for II instead of I would make sense only if it is a repeated act.)
3. Statement: 
A large part of the locality was flooded as the main pipe supplying drinking water burst while the workers of a utility company were laying cables in the area.
Course of action:
I. The civic authority should immediately arrange to repair the damage and stop loss of water.
II. The civic authority should seek an explanation and compensation from the utility company for the damage caused by them.
Answer: (e) I is advisable in the short term and II in the long term.
4. Statement: 
Millions of pilgrims are expected to take a dip in the Ganges at the holy place during the next fortnight.
Course of action:
I. The Govt. should restrict the number of pilgrims who can take dip each day during the fortnight.
II. The Govt. should deploy an adequate number of security personnel to maintain law and order during the next fortnight at the holy place.
Answer: (b) I is a sensitive issue and not feasible. II will help take care of the rush.
5. Statement: 
The rate of inflation has reached its highest in last twenty years and there is no sign of    it
softening in the coming months.
Course of action: 
I. The Govt. should initiate steps like reducing Govt. taxes on essential commodities with immediate effect.
II. Farmers should be asked by the Govt. to sell their produce at lower prices.
Answer: (d) Going for I and II would create other problems.

 

Directions :- In the following questions a factsituation is given followed by two suggested courses. A course of action is a step of administrative decision taken for improvement or follow- up action. Read the situation and then decide which of the given courses of action follows.
Give answer,
(a) if only course of action I follows
(b) if only course of action II follows
(c) if both the course of action follow
(d) if neither follows
(e) If the data given is inadequate i.e., if in the light of the given information. It cannot be asserted with certainty whether a course of action follows or not.
6. Statement : The Central Bureau of Investigation receives the complaint of an officer taking bribe to do the duty he is supposed to.

Courses of Action :
I ) CBI should try to catch the officer taking bribe red-handed and then take a strict action against him
II) CBI should wait for some more complaints about the officer to be sure about the matter.
Answers

6. (a) One complaint is enough for a wrong doing. This should be confirmed by catching the guilty red- should be handed and strict action taken against him. So only course I follows.

 

7. Statement : The Finance Minister submits his resignation a month before the new budget is to be presented in the parliament.

Courses of Action :
I) The resignation should be accepted and another person should be appointed as the Finance Minister.
II) the resignation should not be accepted.
Answers

7. (b) An already working Finance Minister shall know better all the plans and resources of the Government and he alone can present a suitable budget. So course II
should be followed.

 

8. Statement : The Asian Development Bank has approved a $ 285 million loan to finance a project to construct coal ports by Paradip and Madras Port Trusts.

Courses of Action :
I) India should use financial assistance from other international financial organisations to develop such ports in other places.
II) India should not seek such financial assistance from the international financial agencies
Answers

 

8. (a) Such projects shall be an asset and a source of income to the country later on. So course I shall follow

 

9. Statement : Orissa and Andhra Pradesh have agreed in principle to set up a joint control board for better control management and productivity of several inter-state multipurpose projects.

Courses of Action :
I) Other neighbouring states should set up such control boards.
II) The proposed control board should not be allowed to function as such joint boards are always ineffective.
Answers

 

9. (a) The effectiveness of such control boards is established by the fact that Orissa and A.P have agreed to it for better control of its multipurpose projects. Hence only I follows.

10. Statement : Certian mining industries in Gujarat may come to a standstill because of the notification issued by the Department of Environment and Forest banning mining operations and industries alike within 25 kms of National park, the game sanctuary and reserve forest areas.

Courses of Action :
I) The department should be asked to immediately withdraw the notification.
II) The Government should make effort to shift the parks, sanctuaries and reserve forests to other non-mining areas.
Answers

 

10. (d) None follows. Firstly , the notification is issued to promote the natural environment and so cannot be withdrawn and secondly, the sanctuaries etc cannot be shifted.

 

Directions :- In the following questions a fact or situation is given followed by two suggested courses. A course of action is a step of administrative decision taken for improvement or follow- up action. Read the situation and then decide which of the given courses of action follows.
Give answer,
(a) if only course of action I follows
(b) if only course of action II follows
(c) if both the course of action follow
(d) if neither follows
(e) If the data given is inadequate

1) Statement : The officer in-charge of a company had a hunch that some money was missing from the safe.

Courses of Action :
I) He should get it recounted with the help of the staff and check it with the balance sheet
II) He should inform the police.

 Answer

1) a Clearly, a suspicion first needs to be confirmed and only when it is confirmed , should an action be taken. So only course I follows.
2) Statement : Doordarshan is concerned about the quality of its programmes particularly in view of stiff competition it is facing from Star and other satellite TV channels and is contemplating various measures to attract talent for its programers. 
Courses of Action :
I In an effort to attract talent, the Doordarshan has decided to revise its fee structure for the artists.
II. The fee structure should not be revised until other electronic media also revise it.
 
 Ans
2) a Clearly, the decision to revise its fee structure for artists is taken by Doordarshan as a remedy to the challenging problem that had arisen before it. It cannot wait till other media lack action. So only course I follows.
3) Statement : Since its launching in 1981, Vayudoot has so far accumulated losses amounting to Rs. 153 crore during the last ten years. 
Courses of Action :
I) Vayudoot should be directed to reduce wasteful expenditure and to increase passenger fare
II) An amount of about Rs. 300 crore should be provided to vayudoot to make the airlines economically viable.
Ans
3) a Clearly, for better economic gain, losses should be reduced and income should be increased. So only course I follows.
4) Statement : Youngsters are often found staring at obscene posters.
Courses of Action : 
I) Children should be punished and penalised if they are found doing so.
II) Any display of such materials should be banned.
Ans
4) b Bad things attract more and punishment after the act has been committed is no remedy. The act should be prevented so only II follows.
5) Statement: Exporters in the capital are alleging that commercial banks are violating a RBI directive to operate a post shipment export credit denominated in foreign Currency at international interest rate from January this year.
Courses of Action : 
I) The officers concerned in the commercial banks are to be suspended.
II) The RBI Should be asked to stop giving such directives to commercial banks.
Ans
5) d The statement mentions that the commercial banks violate a directive issued by the RBI. The remedy is only to make the banks implement the act . So none of the courses follows.
6) Statement : India’s performance in the recent Busan Asian – Games was very poor. Government has spent a few crores in training and deputing a team of players to participate in these games.
Courses of Action: 
I) India should stop sending players to the future Asian games.
II) Government should immediately set up an enquiry commission to find out the reason for India’s dismal performance.
Answers
6) b Clearly to compete against a challenge, the first step must be to find out where the lackening is . So only course II follows.
7) Statement : Courts take too long in deciding important disputes of various departments. 
Courses of Action : 
I) Courts should be ordered to speed up matters.
II) Special powers should be granted to officers to settle disputes concerning their department.
Answers
7) e For quick disposal of cases, either the matters in the court should be speeded up or the matters should be cleared up in their respective departments to prevent the delay. So both the courses follow.
8) Statement : A shop – keeper was reported to be selling adulterated grains.
Courses of Action : 
I) He should be fined and shop sealed.
II) He should be asked to leave the town and open a shop elsewhere.
Answers
8) a Clearly if allowed to continue without being punished , the shopkeeper would create the problem elsewhere. So course I shall follow.

 

9) Statement : A train has derailed near a station while moving over a bridge and fell into the river. 
Courses of Action : 
I) The Railway Authorities should clarify the reason of the accident to the Government.
II) The Government should allocate founds to compensate the destruction caused .
Answers
9) d What is necessary is the preventive measures to protect the passengers and pay them adequate compensation. So, none of the courses follow.
10) Statement : The librarian finds some case in which the pages from certain books issued from the library, are torn. 
Courses of Action : 
I) The Librarian should keep a record of books issued by each student, and if the pages are found torn, strict measures should be taken against the child who had been issued that book.
II) Some funds should be collected from the children collectively to renovate the library.
Ans

10) a Clearly, Precaution should be taken to catch the guilty person and punish him for the act. This alone will help curb the wrong practice. So only course I will follow.

 

Directions :- In the following questions a fact/situation is given followed by two suggested courses. A course of action is a step of administrative decision taken for improvement
or follow- up action. Read the situation and then decide which of the given courses of action follows.
Give answer,
(a) if only course of action I follows
(b) if only course of action II follows
(c) if both the course of action follow
(d) if neither follows
(e) If the data given is inadequate i.e., if in the light of the given information. It cannot be asserted with certainty whether a course of action follows or not.

1) Statement : A leading US multinational engineering and construction firm is keen to invest in India in a variety of sectors ranging from power to land management.
Courses of Action :
I) Such multinational companies should not be allowed to operate in India.
II) India should encourage multinational companies from other developed countries to invest in power sectors to bring in competitive climate.
 Answer
1) b
Clearly, financing is the major problem in starting any project. The investment by multinational companies shall, therefore, be a way to development. So course II should follow.
2) Statement : The Government could consider the possibility of increasing the software budget from the current Rs. 20 crore to Rs. 100 crore in the Eighth Plan, provided there are concrete suggestions for the utilisation of the funds.
Courses of Action :
I) The Government should consult the trade unions in this regard.
II) Software companies should submit detailed proposals to the Government.
 2) b
The suggestions shall be offered to the Government only through detailed proposals by software Companies. Hence II follows.
3) Statement : Inspite of the Principal’s repeated warnings a child was caught exploding crackers secretly in the school.
Courses of Action:
I) All the crackers should be taken away from the child and he should be threatened not to do it again.
II) the child should be severely punished for his wrong act.
3) b
Since the act has been repeated despite various warnings, course I would only be another warning and would not help. Severe punishment to set example to him and others is inevitable. Thus II follows.
4) Statement : Most of the children in India are not able to get education, because they get employed to earn livelihood in their childhood only.
Courses of Action :
I) Education should be made compulsory for all children up to the age of 14
II) Employment of children below the age of 14 years, should be banned
4) e
To educate all children enforcement of education is necessary . Also, the reason is that they are employed. So , ban on such employment is also needed. Thus both the courses follow.
5) Statement : The Central Bureau of Investigation receives the complaint of an officer taking bribe to do the duty he is supposed to.
Courses of Action :
I ) CBI should try to catch the officer taking bribe red-handed and then take a strict action against him
II) CBI should wait for some more complaints about the officer to be sure about the matter.
 5) a
One complaint is enough for a wrong doing. This should be confirmed by catching the guilty red- should be handed and strict action taken against him. So only course I follows.
6) Statement : The Finance Minister submits his resignation a month before the new budget is to be presented in the parliament.
Courses of Action :
I) The resignation should be accepted and another person should be appointed as the Finance Minister.
II) the resignation should not be accepted.
6) b
An already working Finance Minister shall know better all the plans and resources of the Government and he alone can present a suitable budget. So course II should be followed.
7) Statement : The Asian Development Bank has approved a $ 285 million loan to finance a project to construct coal ports by Paradip and Madras Port Trusts.
Courses of Action :
I) India should use financial assistance from other international financial organisations to develop such ports in other places.
II) India should not seek such financial assistance from the international financial agencies
 7) a
Such projects shall be an asset and a source of income to the country later on. So course I shall follow
8) Statement : Orissa and Andhra Pradesh have agreed in principle to set up a joint control board for better control management and productivity of several inter-state multipurpose projects.
Courses of Action :
I) Other neighbouring states should set up such control boards.
II) The proposed control board should not be allowed to function as such joint boards are always ineffective.
8) a
The effectiveness of such control boards is established by the fact that Orissa and A.P have agreed to it for better control of its multipurpose projects. Hence only I follows.
9) Statement : Certian mining industries in Gujarat may come to a standstill because of the notification issued by the Department of Environment and Forest banning mining operations and industries alike within 25 kms of National park, the game sanctuary and reserve forest areas.
Courses of Action :
I) The department should be asked to immediately withdraw the notification.
II) The Government should make effort to shift the parks, sanctuaries and reserve forests to other non-mining areas.
 9) d
None follows. Firstly , the notification is issued to promote the natural environment and so cannot be withdrawn and secondly, the sanctuaries etc cannot be shifted.
10) Statement : The Indian electronic component industry venturing into the west European markets faces tough competition from the Japanese.
Courses of Action :
I) India should search for other international markets for its products.
II) India should improve the quality of the electronic components to complete with the Japanese in capturing these markets.
 Answer
10) b
An escapists attitude does not help much. The need is to compete and emerge successful. So only II follows.

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