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Q1. Ans. (e)
The first paragraph of the passage states that Rani Matsya was beautiful. She assisted the king in his judicial probes and would always keep her finger on the pulse of victims and culprits. Also, she was generous and her hands always reached out to help the compassionate and the poor. So, we can conclude that Rani Matsya was beautiful, kind and intelligent. Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.
Q2. Ans. (b)
The phrase ‘pulled a long face’ means to have an unhappy or disappointed expression. Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.
The story in the given passage revolves around the generous Rani Matsya and self-centered Raman. He desired for a bag full of gold coins, which would enable him to buy food and supplies for his family. When Rani asked Raman what he could give her in return, he simply gave five grains of rice to her and in turn Rani gave him only five gold coins. At that moment, Raman realized that if he had given the entire bowl, the Rani would have given him a sack full of gold coins. So, the moral of the story is ‘do onto others as you want others to do to you.’ Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.
The second paragraph of the passage clearly states that Raman was wrecked with poverty as he had lost all his land to the landlord and his age enabled him little towards manual work. So, begging was the only option to salvage his wife and children. Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.
The second paragraph of the passage states that Raman was self-centered. He would eat and drink to his heart’s content and return home with whatever he found excess. So, we can conclude that Raman was ‘selfish’. ‘Deceitful’ means behaving in a dishonest way by telling lies. We can say Raman was ‘deceitful’ because he never let anyone discover his interests as he always put a long face when he returned home. Hence, option (c) is the correct answer.
‘Galloped’ refers to the way a horse or any animal moves when it is running very fast. Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.
‘Revered’ means to show a great respect or admiration for someone. Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.
‘Hands’ is a synonym of ‘limb’ because both are used as a grasping organ. Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.
‘Reveal’ means to make something known to somebody. ‘Conceal’, which means to keep something secret, is an antonym of the word. Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.
‘Elated’ means very happy and excited. ‘Depressed’ is opposite in meaning to the word. Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.
The author has said in the 2nd paragraph of the passage that how the developing countries are lacking in the infrastructure and expertise because of which they always need to be alert therefore option (d) is the correct choice for the given question.
Q12. Ans (b);
Refer to the 3rd paragraph of the passage, “China has found its own road of development i.e, to base what we do on the realities of China while sticking to the basic system of socialism”… Hence option (b) is the correct choice for the given question.
Q13. Ans (c);
Comprehensive is the most suitable choice, you can get confused with options (a) and (b) but they are just one of the aspects but comprehensive which means including or dealing with all or nearly all elements or aspects of something most suitably describes the Chinese opening.
Refer to the 6th paragraph of the passage where it is explained how China has provided the World with new wider market as when more than 1.25 billion people become well-off, the demand on everything will be enormous.
Only option (ii) is the correct choice as it is given in the 2nd paragraph of the passage that developing countries are the one that are the biggest beneficiaries.
Option (i) and (iii) are incorrect hence Option (a) is the correct choice for the given question.
Refer to the last paragraph of the passage, “China is faced with growing pressure from international competition.” Hence option (c) is the correct choice.
Option (d) is the correct choice as it is not mentioned in the last paragraph of the passage that where China faces fiercer competition.