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SSC CGL Previous Years GK Question Paper Set – 3 (Solved) – Solutions
Q1. Opton 2
Pollen grains are large sticky and heavy, usually with rough surfaces so that they can readily cling onto the insects bodies. They are sticky so that pollen grains settling on them are not easily displaced.
Q2. Option 1
Sodium benzoate is used for the preservation of food. It has the chemical formula NaC6H5CO2. It is the sodium salt of benzoic acid and exists in this form when dissolved in water. It can be produced by reacting sodium hydroxide with benzoic acid. It is bacteriostatic and fungistatic under acidic conditions. It is most widely used in acidic foods such as salad dressings (vinegar), carbonated drinks (carbonic acid), jams and fruit juices (citric acid), pickles (vinegar), and condiments.
Q3. Option 1
Emphysema is the common lung disease caused by asbestos. Emphysema is a lung condition in which tiny air sacs in the lungs – alveoli – fill up with air. As the air continues to build up in these sacs, they expand, and may break or become damaged and form scar tissue. The patient becomes progressively short of breath. Emphysema is a type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
Q4. Option 4
Cone cells, or cones, are photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye that are responsible for color vision, they function best in relatively bright light, as opposed to rod cells that work better in dim light. Cone cells are densely packed in the fovea, but quickly reduce in number towards the periphery of the retina. It allow the perception of colour
Q5. Option 3
Generally, there are four different tea categories that differ in processing methods. By withering, new picked leaves are thinly spread to dry during this process. Heated air is forced over the leaves if the climate is not suitable. The main goal of this process is to reduce the water content. By the end of withering, the leaves should be pliable enough to be rolled. From the withering racks, the leaves are now twisted and rolled so that the leaf cells are broken up. Oxidation is a bio-chemical process where oxygen is absorbed. It begins once the leaf membranes are broken during the rolling process. Oxidation causes the leaves to turn bright copper in color. During the stage of drying or firing, the leaves are dried evenly and thoroughly without being burnt. Firing the leaves stops the oxidation process.
Q6. Option 1
Agni-II is a medium range ballistic missile (MRBM) with two solid fuel stages and a Post Boost Vehicle (PBV) integrated into the missile’s Re-entry Vehicle (RV). When the Agni-II was first launched, then Defence Minister George Fernandes indicated that the maximum range of the Agni-II was 3,000 km. Since then, ranges from 2,000 km to 2,500 km have been stated, while Dr. Kalam, at Aero India ’98, stated that Agni-II had a maximum range of 3,700 km. The Agni’s manoeuvring RV is made of a carbon-carbon composite material that is light and able to sustain high thermal stresses of re-entry, in a variety of trajectories. The Ghauri-II is a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM). A longer ranged variant of the GhauriI, it was developed by increasing the length of the motor assembly and using improved propellants. The Ghauri-II missile has a maximum range of 2,000 km.
Q7. Option 4
The ex-aircraft carrier of the Indian Navy, INS Vikrant is being converted into a floating museum and rechristened Indian Museum Ship (IMS) Vikrant. She is now anchored opposite to Middle Ground near Gateway of India in Mumbai. This is with a view to meet the enormous demand of the public to see the ship and also assess the economic viability of sustaining her. The preliminary focus of the museum is to highlight the role of the ship as the cradle of naval aviation in the country.
Q8. Option 2
Nirad C. Chaudhuri was a Bengali-English writer and cultural commentator. He was born in 1897 in Kishoreganj, which today is part of Bangladesh but at that time was part of Bengal, a region of British India. He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award, in 1975 for his biography on Max Müller called Scholar Extraordinary, by the Sahitya Akademi, India’s national academy of letters. In 1992, he was honoured by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom with the title of Commander of Order of the British Empire (CBE).His 1965 work The Continent of Circe earned him the Duff Cooper Memorial Award, becoming the first and only Indian to be selected for the prize.
Q9. Option 2
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade. The organization officially commenced on January 1, 1995 under the Marrakech Agreement, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. The organization deals with regulation of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework for negotiating and formalizing trade agreements, and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants’ adherence to WTO agreements which are signed by representatives of member governments and ratified by their parliaments.
Q10. Option 2
The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs. The World Bank is one of four institutions created at the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), a related institution, is another.
Q11. Option 3
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization that was created on July 22, 1944 at the Bretton Woods Conference and came into existence on December 27, 1945 when 29 countries signed the Articles of Agreement. It originally had 45 members. The IMF’s stated goal was to stabilize exchange rates and assist the reconstruction of the world’s international payment system post-World War II. Countries contribute money to a pool through a quota system from which countries with payment imbalances can borrow funds temporarily.
Q12. Option 4
Structural adjustments are the policies implemented by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (the Bretton Woods Institutions) in developing countries. These policy changes are conditions for getting new loans from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or World Bank, or for obtaining lower interest rates on existing loans. Conditionalities are implemented to ensure that the money lent will be spent in accordance with the overall goals of the loan. The Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) are created with the goal of reducing the borrowing country’s fiscal imbalances.
Q13. Option 3
India has witnessed many changes as a result of globalisation and liberalisation especially during the last decade of second millennium. We have less than 1 per cent share of world trade against more than 16% of world population. At the time of independence it was higher at about 2% though it was forced to export more than its imports in order to meet the unilateral transfers. In 1950, the Indian share in the total world trade was 1.78%, which came down to 0.6% in 1995. According to the Economic Survey 2002-03 this percentage share of 0.6% continued in years 1997 and 1998. In 1999 this share has increased to 0.7% which clearly indicates that India has failed to increase its share in the total world trade.
Q14. Option 1
Secretaries-General serve for five-year terms that can be renewed indefinitely, although none so far has held office for more than two terms. The United Nations Charter provides for the Secretary-General to be appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council, where the permanent members have veto power. The General Assembly can theoretically override the Security Council’s recommendation if a majority vote is not achieved, although this has not happened so far. There are no specific criteria for the post, but over the years, it has become accepted that the post shall be held for one or two terms of five years, that the post shall be appointed on the basis of geographical rotation, and that the Secretary-General shall not originate from one of the five permanent Security Council member states
Q15. Option 4
Martina Hingis is a Swiss former professional tennis player who spent a total of 209 weeks as World No. 1. She won five Grand Slam singles titles (three Australian Opens, one Wimbledon, and one US Open). She also won nine Grand Slam women’s doubles titles, winning a calendar year doubles Grand Slam in 1998, and one Grand Slam mixed doubles title. Hingis set a series of “youngest-ever” records before ligament injuries in both ankles forced her to withdraw temporarily from professional tennis in 2002 at the age of 22. In 1996, Hingis became the youngest Grand Slam champion of all time, when she teamed with Helena Suková at Wimbledon to win the women’s doubles title at age 15 years and 9 months.
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