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SSC CGL Previous Years GK Question Paper Set – 5 (Solved) – Solutions
Q1. Option 2
The Sajnekhali Bird Sanctuary is located in the Sunderbans Forests and is home to a wide variety of birds. The most popular among the birds are the Spotted Billed Pelican, Fish Eagle, Caspian Tern, Cotton Teal, Osprey Herring Gull, Purple Heron, Greenbacked Heron, Grey Heron, Egret, Grey Headed Fishing Eagle, Night Heron, Open Billed Stork, White Ibis, White Bellied Sea Eagle, Common Kingfisher, Brahmini Kite and Paradise Flycatcher.
Q2. Option 4
The Jaduguda Mine is a uranium mine in Jaduguda village in the Purbi Singhbhum district of the Indian state of Jharkhand. It commenced operation in 1967 and was the first uranium mine in India. The deposits at this main were discovered in 1951. As of March 2012 India only possesses two functional uranium mines, including the Jaduguda Mine. 2. Option 1 Explanation: Over 97 per cent of total recoverable reserves.
Q3. Option 3
Madhya Pradesh is known as the tiger state of India,’ because of the large number of tiger reserves in the state. Kanha, Pench, Bandhavgarh, Panna, BoriSatpura, Sanjay-Dubri tiger reserves are located in the state. There are 42 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
Q4. Option 1
Meghalaya, one of the seven sister states of North East India, is inhabited largely by tribes. After Khasi, Garo comprise the largest population of tribes in Meghalaya. Most of these tribes habitat in Garo hills of Meghalaya, as the name depicts itself. Other than Meghalaya a sizeable population of these tribes can also be found in other states like Assam, Tripura, West Bengal and Bangladesh.
Q5. Option 2
The Suez Canal is an artificial waterway in Egypt extending from Port Said to Suez and connecting the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea. It is one of the world’s most important waterways. The canal separates the African continent from Asia, and it provides the shortest maritime route between Europe and the lands lying around the Indian and western Pacific oceans. It is one of the world’s most heavily used shipping lanes. The canal extends 101 miles (163 kilometres) between Port Said in the north and Suez in the south, with dredged approach channels north of Port Said into the Mediterranean, and south of Suez.
Q6. Option 4
Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) is a centrally sponsored scheme which was launched on December 25, 2000 for one crore of the poorest families. It is an important milestone in providing foodgrains to the poor. It contemplated providing 25 kg. of foodgrains per month at highly subsidized rates of Rs. 2 per kg. for wheat and Rs. 3 per kg. for rice to each Antyodaya family. This scheme reflects the commitment of the Government of India to ensure food security for all, create a hunger free India in the next five years and to reform and improve the Public Distribution System so as to serve the poorest of the poor in rural and urban areas.
Q7. Option 3
Rising population can be a virtue or can be vice with regards to economic development of a country. In India, demerits of population growth outweigh its merits. Due to large population size and its rate of growth, our per capita income continues to be stagnant at a low level. Since First Five Year Plan, our national income has increased about 11 times but our per capita income has increased only about three and half times, thanks to the rise in population. Also, large population size has tended to reduce the land man ratio in India which reduces productivity of land and labour. Growing population has also reduced per capita availability of cereals and pulses. Further, due to high growth rate of population, unemployment is assuming monstrous proportions. Lack of employment opportunities outside agriculture, builds pressure on farming as a source of subsistence. Consequently, disguised unemployment in the farming sector is emerging as a serious challenge.
Q8. Option 4
There are primarily two types of economiescapitalist or free market economy and socialist economy. Mixed economy is a median between these two main economies taking some characteristics of either of them. We have adopted mixed economy in India. All the basic industries such as railways, post and telegraph, defence production, atomic energy etc. are in the public sector. Industries dealing with consumer goods are in the private sector. India has a pubic private partnership economy.
Q9. Option 1
An oligopoly is a market form in which a market or industry is dominated by a small number of sellers (oligopolists). Because there are few sellers, each oligopolist is likely to be aware of the actions of the others. The decisions of one firm influence, and are influenced by, the decisions of other firms. Businesses that are part of an oligopoly share some common characteristics: they are less concentrated than in a monopoly, but more concentrated than in a competitive system. This creates a high amount of interdependence which encourages competition in non pricerelated areas, like advertising and packaging. The tobacco companies, soft drink companies, and airlines are examples of an imperfect oligopoly.
Q10. Option 4
The fundamental condition of perfect competition is that there must be a large number of sellers or firms. Homogeneous Commodity is the second fundamental condition of a perfect market. The products of all firms in the industry are homogeneous and identical. In other words, they are perfect substitutes for one another. There are no trademarks, patents etc. to distinguish the product of one seller from that of another. Under perfect competition, the control over price is completely eliminated because all firms produce homogeneous commodities. This condition ensures that the same price prevails in the market for the same commodity.
Q11. Option 3
Disposable income is total personal income minus personal current taxes. In national accounts definitions, personal income, minus personal current taxes equals disposable personal income. Subtracting personal outlays (which includes the major category of personal (or, private) consumption expenditure) yields personal (or, private) savings.
Q12. Option 2
“Supply creates its own demand” is the formulation of Say’s law by John Maynard Keynes. The rejection of this doctrine is a central component of The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (1936) and a central tenet of Keynesian economics. Say’s law, or the law of market, is an economic principle of classical economics named after the French businessman and economist Jean-Baptiste Say (1767– 1832), who stated that “products are paid for with products” and “a glut can take place only when there are too many means of production applied to one kind of product and not enough to another.
Q13. Option 1
The term indirect tax has more than one meaning. In the colloquial sense, an indirect tax (such as sales tax, a specific tax, value added tax (VAT), or goods and services tax (GST)) is a tax collected by an intermediary (such as a retail store) from the person who bears the ultimate economic burden of the tax (such as the consumer). The intermediary later files a tax return and forwards the tax proceeds to government with the return. In this sense, the term indirect tax is contrasted with a direct tax which is collected directly by government from the persons (legal or natural) on which it is imposed.
Q14. Option 4
There are many benefits of using technology in agriculture system, but there are also negative aspects. Technology transfer is most difficult in agriculture because of the differences in natural conditions, such as weather, geographical features, plant ecology, and irrigation, which overlap social and institutional restrictions. When an agricultural technology is stable as a result of the limitations imposed by the existing national conditions and social system, the limits of production are empirically foreseeable.
Q15. Option 2
A boat will float when the weight of the water it displaces equals the weight of the boat and anything will float if it is shaped to displace its own weight of water before it reaches the point where it will submerge. Floating of the boat works on the principle of buoyancy force which is an upward force exerted by a liquid, gas or other fluid, that opposes the weight of an immersed object. In a column of fluid, pressure increases with depth as a result of the weight of the overlying fluid. Thus a column of fluid, or an object submerged in the fluid, experiences greater pressure at the bottom of the column than at the top. This difference in pressure results in a net force that tends to accelerate an object upwards.
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