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Statement and Argument Tricks & Tips

Statement and Argument Tricks & Tips



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In exams, one of the important topics in Reasoning is Statements and Arguments. Here you can check some tricks and examples. This topic is asked to evaluate the decision making capability of candidates.

Types of Statements:
• General
• Political
• Economic
• Social/Culture

Types of Arguments:
• Strong Argument
• Weak Argument

Tricks:
• You have to choose the strong argument which satisfies the Statement.
• Strong Arguments may contain the universal truth, decisions taken by the Government etc.,
• Weak Arguments may contain simple logic, superfluous and ambiguous.
• But we have to choose the strong argument which satisfies the statement.

How Strong is/are Your Argument(s)?

‘Strong arguments’ are directly related to the question.

‘Weak arguments’ are not directly related to the question.

In these questions, a statement is followed by two arguments. A strong argument is that which
touches the practical and real aspect of the situation as described in the statement. A weak
argument is very simple, superfluous and long drawn one. Candidates are required to distinguish
between the strong and weak arguments.

Steps to Mark Strong or Weak, Arguments

1. A strong argument should relate with the statement and be supported by facts or established
notions, but it should not be a factual statement.

Situation 1

Statement Rural tourism should be encouraged in rural areas.

Arguments

I. Yes, rural people are creative.

II. Yes, this would help to solve problems of unemployment to some extent.

Argument I is a factual statement. It may be true or may not be true. So, it is a weak argument.
Argument

II gives a strong reason for promotion of rural tourism. So, it is a strong argument. 8

2. A strong argument should give the deep analysis of the topic dealt within the statement.

Situation 2

Statement Traditionalculture should be preferred to modern culture.

Argument No, both have their good points as well as bad points.

The argument above is a super fluous one. It does not give any analysis of the core of the topic. It
gives no reasons. Hence, it is a weak argument.

3. A strong argument gives the realistic diagnosis of the situation described in the statement.

Situation 3

Statement Nuclear families are better than joint families.

Argument No, joint families ensure security and also reduce the burden of work.

Above argument provides a realistic diagnosis of the situation given in the question. So, it is a
strong argument.

4. The argument must be judged as an argument not as an opinion.

Situation 4

Statement Should India be declared a ‘developed country’?

Argument Yes, why not.

The argument is in the form of a counter-question, which shows it is an opinion of the author,
without any strong’ reason. Hence, this is not a strong’ argument.

5. A strong argument should not be mere reiteration of the situation given in the statement.

6. Whenever any argument is followed by ‘only’, then that is generally a weak argument as that may not be only possible case.

Situation 5

Statement All the rivers should be connected.

Arguments

I. Yes, this is the only way of checking floods.

II. Yes, this will prove very helpful for irrigation.

Argument I is a weak argument due to the use of word ‘only’. There may be other ways to check
floods also. So, it is a weak argument. II is a strong argument as it is providing sufficient reason in
favor of the situation.

7. Whenever any argument covers a mass or the government or higher authority then you cannot
direct them. So, in these cases if the argument is followed by ‘must’, then that is generally a weak
argument. But a person on higher post may direct and instruct his/her subordinates (or mass).

Situation 6

Statement Social and financial inclusion are Iwo very important and fruitful steps for reducing the
gap between various classes.

Arguments

I. Yes, government must take all possible steps to ensure this.

II. Yes, government should encourage and promote this.

Argument is a weak argument as government cannot be forced to take any step. We should keep
faith in the governance process. So, due to use of word must’, it is a weak argument. II is a strong
argument. II says that government should encourage this.

This is the right way of arguments, with a person on higher authority, with the use of word
‘should’.

8. Whenever instead of saying anything about the statement, some other ways or some alternate
options are provided in the argument, then that is a weak argument.

Situation 7

Statement India should go for more nuclear power plants.

Arguments

I. Yes, it is safe and efficient.

II. No, India should go for more hydro-power plants.

Argument II is a weak argument as it is providing an alternate option instead of arguing for or
against the statement. us a strong argument as it is in favour of the statement and providing solid
reasons for the statement.

9. Whenever any argument is based on the comparisons, like comparison with other country etc,
then that argument is a weak one.

Situation 8

Statement:- India should adopt one child policy.

Arguments

I. No, this is not possible.

II. Yes, China has adopted this policy, so we should adopt this.

Argument II is based on the comparison but the condition of India is different from China, so it is
not right to go for comparisons. Hence II is a weak argument. is also weak as it does not provide
a valid reason for the argument.

10. An argument must contain a conclusion. It should either support the statement or should be
against the statement.

Situation 9

Statement The aim of education system is to inspire young minds and develop their capabilities.
Arguments

I. Yes, this is the best way to prepare young ones for the future.

II. No, there are many other ways also.

Here argument I is supporting the statement and is in co-ordinance with the sense of the
statement. On the basis of II, no conclusion can be drawn. So, it is a weak argument and I is a
strong one.

11. An argument can be valid without being true in real world. So, you should go with the question
without interpreting anything by yourself. For example-All birds can fly. An ostrich is a bird. So,
according to the statement an ostrich can fly. Your answer should be this only.

12. Ambiguous arguments are weak arguments. In such statements, the writer’s intention is not
clear and their is no co-relation between the statement and the arguments and course of action.

Situation 10

Statement One should enjoy life because tomorrow one has to die.

Argument No, instead one should strive to achieve a goal rather than think of death as a goal.

Here the argument is ambiguous. Both statement and argument are different and unrelated.
Argument is not related to the statement and only a hint of it is made. So, it is a weak argument.

13. An argument is a strong argument, if it is a scientifically and universally established and
accepted fact.

Situations 11

Statement Smoking should be banned in India.

Argument Yes, it causes and mouth-ulcers.

Here, the argument is an established fact. So, it is a strong’ argument.

14. Universally accepted experiences and examples are ‘strong’ arguments.

Situation 12

Statement Should there be free trade between countries?

Argument No, the poor countries are likely to be exploited by the rich.

The argument above is a universally accepted experience’ and it has been proved in the past, so, it is a strong argument.

15. An argument is a weak argument, if it violates the prevailing notions of truth.

Situation 13

Statement Love marriages in the same clan should be allowed.

Argument Yes, if both are mature and willing, then they cannot be prohibited from doing it.

The argument above violates the prevailing notions of truth that marriages in same clan is not

possible’ and promotes incest, so it is a weak argument’.

16. An individual’s perceptions or assumptions are ‘weak’ arguments. Assertions are also ‘weak’
arguments.

Situation 14

Statement Cottage industries should be promoted in villages.

Argument Yes, rural people are creative.

The argument for the statement is a mere perception of an individual with no reasoning behind it.

So, it can be rejected as a ‘weak’ argument.

 

Problems Set for Statement & Argument



In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered 1 & 2. On the basis of information given in the statement to be true, then decide which of the following suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Give your answer as-
1)If only 1 follows
2)If only 2 follows
3)If either 1 or 2 follows
4)If neither 1 nor 2 follows
5)If both 1 & 2 follow

  1. The government has decided to earmark a separate lane in the metropolis for passengers vehicles with more than one occupant.
    Many people may resort to pool car systems to avoid traffic.
    II.The move may help decongest the roads of the metropolis

Answer & Explanation

Answer – 5)If both 1 & 2 follow
Explanation :
The gov has taken steps assuming that decongestion of the roads will improve.

  1. New Census data on the educational status of India show the biggest increase in the no of people pursuing engineering & technology diplomas or technical degrees equivalent to a graduate .
    India has over 30lakh people with teaching degree and over 15 lakh people with a medical degree
    II.Education in India has been boosted up with the opening of new private and government colleges.

Answer & Explanation

Answer – 2)If only 2 follows
Explanation :
The biggest increase in the no of Engineering graduates is owing to the opening of new colleges

  1. NTPC is under a lot of pressure to expand and deliver cheap power but faces a big challenges as its customers, the state owned power distribution companies are not buying electricity due to their poor financial health.
    NTPC should enter into distribution business and show existing discoms that power distribution is a profitable business
    II.Debt-laden discoms have been forcing generating companies to run their units at less than full capacity.

Answer & Explanation

Answer – 2)If only 2 follows
Explanation :
When there is less demand, generating companies will be forced to produce less.

  1. The Indian Railways has tied up with TCS to pilot Systems to conduct its recruitments exam online, as the country’s largest employer looks to introduce trasparecy into its operation.
    Online examination will reduce corruption and bring transparency
    II.Cheating in examination will be wiped out

Answer & Explanation

Answer – 2)If only 1 follow
Explanation :
Online examination will avoid forgery and reveal the real talents and accuracy of the candidates

  1. The Gov may raise the minimum wages in the country by as much as 25% and also make them binding on all states, a move aimed at improving the lifestyle of the poor and giving an indirect boost to the rural economy.
    Unskilled workers will get motivated to move into semi-skilled and skilled category for a better lifestyle
    II.It will help the gov to cut expenditure on social sector programmes and generate demands in the economy.

Answer & Explanation

Answer – 2)If only 2 follows
Explanation :
The increase in the min wages by the gov will help to provide livelihood to the workers and save the money spent on social programmes.

  1. The crime branch unearthed a major fake admission racket in Delhi University and arrested around 100 candidates for forged documents.
    DU should cancel the admission of such candidates and strict action should be taken by the college against such candidates.
    II.Document verification should be done properly to avoid the forgery.

Answer & Explanation

Answer – 1)If only 1 follow
Explanation :
DU should take the action against candidate to avoid this in future

  1. With the implementation of Mobile Number Portability(MNP), mobile subscribers can now keep their existing mobile numbers even while shifting between states and circles.
    The profit of the mobile companies will reduce
    II.People won’t to change their numbers frequently

Answer & Explanation

Answer – 2)If only 2 follows
Explanation :
With MNP facility customers can retain their number in any parts of India.

  1. Persistness weakness in global demand and the lower value of oil products led India’s merchandise exports to fall for the sixth straight month in May .
    There will be an increase in the domestic demand of gold and jewellery
    II.There will be an increase in the collection of indirect taxes in the month of April and May

Answer & Explanation

Answer – 2)If only 1 follow
Explanation :
Decline in  Gold imports is a major reason.

  1. Rivers in UP have beeb polluted to dangerous level because of the industrial waste released illegally into them by the industries.
    All the industries located on the bank of the river should be closed down
    II.Industrial waste should not be allowed to flow into the river

Answer & Explanation

Answer – 2)If only 2 follows
Explanation :
The gov should order the industries to avoid the flow of wastages into the river.

  1. The Modi Government is likely to overhaul its overseas investment regime as the government is keen to make it easier for doing business in the country and attract capital from abroad in the manufacturing unit.
    Indian economy will compete with that of the developed nations
    II.India’s ranking in ease of doing business will improve

Answer & Explanation

Answer – 2)If only 2 follows
Explanation :
The decision will give an opportunity to global companies to enter the country easily.

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered 1 & 2. On the basis of information given in the statement to be true, then decide which of the following suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Give your answer as-
1)If only 1 follows
2)If only 2 follows
3)If either 1 or 2 follows
4)If neither 1 nor 2 follows
5)If both 1 & 2 follow

  1. The state government has decided to provide relief by way of food and clothes to all the flood victims in the state.
    The government machinery should identify those people who are affected by flood and are to be provided with relief material.
    II.The government machinery should procure enough food and clothes for providing relief to the flood victims.

Answer

Answer – 5)If both 1 & 2 follow
Explanation :
Both are right as government should provide relief material and food for the victims

  1. Increasing construction of residential towers in the city is hampering the infrastructure arrangements like water supply, sewage system etc.
    Municipal authorities in the city should not permit construction of towers unless adequate provisions for infrastructural facilities are made.
    II.Concerned authorities should take stringent action against those builders who are violating the rules.

Answer

Answer – 5)If both 1 & 2 follow
Explanation :
As the Infrastructure facilities are hampered the municipal authority should prohibit the establishment of towers until there are proper provisions are made. Moreover there must be strict actions against those who violates the rules.

  1. Drinking and rave parties have become fashion among the present college youth which diverts them from studies.
    The state government should make it a rule to disallow the students from entering Pubs and Bars.
    II.The parents as well as the colleges should impose strict discipline among the college going youth.

Answer

Answer – 2)If only 2 follows
Explanation :
Government can’t ban students from going into pubs or bars but parents should be strict with their children and impose discipline

  1. Increasing competition on various fronts is putting children and youth under tremendous pressure leading them to take extremely drastic steps.
    Parents and teachers should be advised not to bring pressure on children.
    II.Children and youth along with their parents should be counselled for facing the competition in right spirit.

Answer

Answer – 2)If only 2 follows
Explanation:
The pressure should be held in a healthy way with right spirit and timely counselling of parents

  1. The management of school ‘X’ has decided to give free breakfast from next academic year to all the students in the primary section through its canteen even though they will not get any government grant.
    The canteen facilities and utensils will have to be checked and new purchases to be made to equip it properly.
    II.The school will have to admit many poor students who will seek admission for the next academic year.

Answer

Answer – 1)If only 1 follows
Explanation :
Since the school has introduced the scheme without receiving any grant, it needs to pool up the funds and make adequate arrangements to keep the scheme going. Action 2 has no connection with the statement

  1. The Deputy Mayor of city ‘w’ has proposed to install a plant of mineral water and to supply citizens mineral water bottles at Rs.6 per litre as against Rs.10 per litre being sold by local private companies.
    The tap water scheme of city w will have to be stopped.
    II.The local private companies of city w will have to close their operation.

Answer

Answer – 4)If neither 1 nor 2 follows
Explanation :
Water for general use would still be delivered through taps also W is providing water at cheaper rates so both doesn’t go with the statement.

  1. The chairman of the car company announced in the meeting that all trials of its first product the new car model ‘M’ are over and company plans to launch its car in the market after six months.
    The network of dealers is to be finalised and all legal, financial and other matters in this connection will have to be finalised shortly.
    II.The company will have to make plan for product other than car.

Answer

Answer – 1)If only 1 follows
Explanation :
Once the trials are over the availability of resources is necessary to make. 2 has no connection with the statement

  1. A heavy unseasonal downpour during the last two days has paralysed the normal life in the state in which five persons were killed but this has provided a huge relief to the problem of acute water crisis in the state.
    The state government should immediately remove all the restrictions on use of potable water in all the major cities in the state.
    II.The state government should send relief supplies to all the affected areas in the state.

Answer

Answer – 2)If only 2 follows
Explanation :
Unseasonal downpour paralysed the normal life in the state so the Course of action (1) does not address the problem properly and only Course of action (2) is suitable for pursuing.

  1. The police department has come under a cloud with recent revelations that at least two senior police officers are suspected to have been involved in the illegal sale of a large quantity of weapons from the state police armoury.
    A thorough investigation should be ordered by the State Government to find out all those who are involved into the illegal sale of arms.
    II.State police armoury should be kept under Central Government control.

Answer

Answer – 1)If only 1 follows
Explanation :
Keeping the State police armoury under the supervision of Central Government control is not right action. Whereas an investigation may help to reveal those involved into the illegal acts. Hence, only action I is right.

  1. Some strains of mosquito have become resistant to chloroquine, the widely used medicine for malaria patients.
    Researchers should develop a new medicine for patients affected by such mosquitoes.
    II.Selling of chloroquine should be stopped.

Answer

Answer – 1)If only 1 follows
Explanation :
Chloroquine can still be used to get rid of the non-resistant varieties, and new medicines developed for the resistant varieties. So only 1 follows

  1. Statement :Even though the number of sugar factories is increasing at a fast rate in India, We still continue to import it from other countries.
    The demand for sugar may increase substantially in future.
    II.Even the increased number of factories may not be able to demand of sugar in India.
    1)if only argument I is strong
    2)if only argument II is strong
    3)if either I or II is strong
    4)if neither I or II are strong
    5)if both I and II follow

Answer

Answer – 1)if only argument I is strong

  1. Statement :The gov announced a heavy compensation package for all the victims of the terrorist attacks.
    Such incidents of terror may not occur in near future
    II.Compensation may mitigate the anger among the citizens against the government.
    1)if only argument I is strong
    2)if only argument II is strong
    3)if either I or II is strong
    4)if neither I or II are strong
    5)if both I and II follow

Answer

Answer – 4)if neither I or II are strong

  1. Statement :Gambling through lotteries is banned by central gov in all the states with immediate effect.
    The citizens may not gamble in any other way, if the lotteries are banned.
    II.This may save innocent citizens from getting cheated of their earned money
    1)if only argument I is strong
    2)if only argument II is strong
    3)if either I or II is strong
    4)if neither I or II are strong
    5)if both I and II follow

Answer

Answer – 2)if only argument II is strong

  1. Statement :Increasing competition on various fronts is putting children and youth under tremendous pressure leading them to take extremely drastic steps.
    Children and youth along with their parents should be counselled for facing the competition in right spirit.
    II.Parents and teachers should be advised not to bring pressure on children.
    1)if only argument I is strong
    2)if only argument II is strong
    3)if either I or II is strong
    4)if neither I or II are strong
    5)if both I and II follow

Answer

Answer – 1)if only argument I is strong

  1. Statement :Should India change its course from the economic reform process and look inward for all round economic development ?
    No, there is no way to look backward after having started the process
    II.Yes, this will benefit India in long run as the reform process borrowed from western countries will adversely affect our economy.
    1)if only argument I is strong
    2)if only argument II is strong
    3)if either I or II is strong
    4)if neither I or II are strong
    5)if both I and II follow

Answer

Answer – 4)if neither I or II are strong

  1. Statement :The US based FMCG company has developed a new deodorant. The company selected a media person couple for its promotion and marketing. They marketing it through TV, Radio and Social media.
    People want to see film stars  and famous sports personality in the advertisement of an FMCG product
    II.Some people may tend to buy the deodorant of the US based FMCG company
    1)if only argument I is strong
    2)if only argument II is strong
    3)if either I or II is strong
    4)if neither I or II are strong
    5)if both I and II follow

Answer

Answer – 2)if only argument II is strong

  1. Statement :Many sociologists have argued that there is a functional relationship between education and economic systems. They point to the fact that mass formal education began in industrial society and is an established part of all industrial societies.
    Industrial society is responsible for expansion of education of the mass level.
    II.Formal education has suffered a setback due to industrial society
    1)if only argument I is strong
    2)if only argument II is strong
    3)if either I or II is strong
    4)if neither I or II are strong
    5)if both I and II follow

Answer

Answer – 1)if only argument I is strong

  1. Statement :The gov has appealed to all citizens to use potable water judiciously as there is an acute shortage in supply. Excessive use may lead to huge scarcity in future months.
    Large number of people may positively respond to the gov’s appeal and help tide over the crisis.
    II.Gov may be able to put in place alternate sources of water in the event of a crisis situation
    1)if only argument I is strong
    2)if only argument II is strong
    3)if either I or II is strong
    4)if neither I or II are strong
    5)if both I and II follow

Answer

Answer – 1)if only argument I is strong

  1. Statement :The municipal corporation has announced 50% reduction in water supply till monsoon arrives in the city.
    People may protest against the unilateral decision of the municipal corporation
    II.Municipal corporation may reduce its taxes from the residents as it failed to provide adequate water
    1)if only argument I is strong
    2)if only argument II is strong
    3)if either I or II is strong
    4)if neither I or II are strong
    5)if both I and II follow

Answer

Answer – 4)if neither I or II are strong

  1. Statement :In view of the severe heat wave passing through the state, the gov has asked all the schools to remain closed for the next fortnight with immediate effect?
    The parents of the students may not allow their wards to attend school even after a fortnight.
    II.The heat wave may not continue beyond a fortnight
    1)if only argument I is strong
    2)if only argument II is strong
    3)if either I or II is strong
    4)if neither I or II are strong
    5)if both I and II follow

Answer

Answer – 2)if only argument II is strong

 

Each of the following questions consists of a statement followed by two arguments I and II.
Give answer:
(A) If only argument I is strong
(B) If only argument II is strong
(C) If either I or II is strong
(D) If neither I nor II is strong and
(E) If both I and II are strong.

1. Statement: Should the railways immediately stop issuing free passes to all its employees?
Arguments:
I. No. The employees have the right to travel free.
II. Yes. This will help railways to provide better facility.
a.  Only argument I is strong
b.  Only argument II is strong
c.  Either I or II is strong
d.  Neither I nor II is strong
e.  Both I and II are strong

2. Statement : Should number of holidays of government employees be reduced ?
Arguments :
I. Yes. Our government employees are having maximum number of holidays among the other countries of the world.
II. Yes. It will lead to increased productivity of government offices.
a.  Only argument I is strong
b.  Only argument II is strong
c.  Either I or II is strong
d.  Neither I nor II is strong
e.   Both I and II are strong

3. Statement : Should there be reservation of seats and posts on communal basis ?
Arguments : 
I. Yes. It will check most of the inter-communal biases.
II. No. Ours is a secular state.
a.  Only argument I is strong
b.  Only argument II is strong
c.  Either I or II is strong
d.  Neither I nor II is strong
e.  Both I and II are strong

4. Statement : Should government stop spending huge amounts of money on international sports ? 
Arguments : 
I. Yes. This money can be utilised for poor.
II. No. Sports-persons will be frustrated and will not get international exposure.
a.  Only argument I is strong
b.  Only argument II is strong
c.  Either I or II is strong
d.  Neither I nor II is strong
e.  Both I and II are strong

5. Statement : Should education be made compulsory for all children up to the age of 14 ?
Arguments : 
I. Yes. This will help to eradicate the system of forced employment of children.
II. Yes. This would increase the standard of living.
a.  Only argument I is strong
b.  Only argument II is strong
c.  Either I or II is strong
d.  Neither I nor II is strong
e.  Both I and II are strong

6. Statement : Should the tuition fees in all post graduate courses be hiked considerably ?
Arguments : 
I. Yes. This will bring some kind of seriousness among the students and will improve quality.
II. No. This will force the meritorious poor students to stay away from post-graduate courses.
a.  Only argument I is strong
b.  Only argument II is strong
c.  Either I or II is strong
d.  Neither I nor II is strong
e.  Both I and II are strong

7. Statement: Should students union in universities be abolished ?
Arguments :
I. Yes. Students can pay full attention to their career development.
II. No. All the great leaders had been students union leaders.
a.  Only argument I is strong
b.  Only argument II is strong
c.  Either I or II is strong
d.  Neither I nor II is strong
e.  Both I and II are strong

8. Statement: Should persons convicted of criminal offences in the past be allowed to contest elections in India?
Arguments:
I. No. Such persons cannot serve the cause of the people and country.
II. Yes. It is democracy – let people decide whom to vote.
a.  Only argument I is strong
b.  Only argument II is strong
c.  Either I or II is strong
d.  Neither I nor II is strong
e.  Both I and II are strong

9. Statement: Should cutting of trees be banned altogether?
Arguments:
I. Yes. It is very much necessary to do so to restore ecological balance.
II. No. A total ban would harm timber based industries.
a.  Only argument I is strong
b.  Only argument II is strong
c.  Either I or II is strong
d.  Neither I nor II is strong
e.  Both I and II are strong

10. Statement: Should the political parties be banned?
Arguments:
I. Yes. It is necessary to teach a lesson to the politicians.
II. No. It will lead to an end of democracy.
a.  Only argument I is strong
b.  Only argument II is strong
c.  Either I or II is strong
d.  Neither I nor II is strong
e.  Both I and II are strong

Answer Key And Explanation:

  1. (D)

(Explanation:The free passes given to railway employees is a privilege for them, not their right.           So, argument I does not hol   Argument II seems to be vague.

2.(B)

3.(B)

4.(B)

(Explanation: Clearly spending money on sports can not be avoided merely for social economic            problems. But Argument II is strong. Be a sports man and then think on this question. 🙂

5.(D)

6.(B)

(Explanation: Clearly seriousness among the students is not because of fees but second argument is strong.

7.(A)

8.(A)

(Explanation: Clearly, persons with criminal background cannot stand to serve as the                     representatives of the common people. So, they should not be allowed to contest elections. Thus, only argument I holds, while II does not

9.(E)

10.(D)(Explanation: Clearly, with the ban on political parties, candidates can independently contest elections. So, it will not end democracy. Thus, argument II does not hold. Argument I does not give a strong reason.

Directions (6-10): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between ‘strong arguments and ‘weak’ arguments. ‘Strong’ arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. ‘Weak’ arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.

Instructions:

In each of the following a question is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which argument is strong and which argument is weak. Give answer

(1) if only argument I is strong.

(2) if only argument II is strong.

(3) if either argument I or II is strong.

(4) if neither argument I nor II is strong.

(5) if both the arguments I and II are strong.

  1.     Statement:          

Should the existing labour laws be changed in the favour of owners?

      Arguments:

  1. Yes, the existing labour laws give much more protection to employees than required and thus production is reduced.
  2. No, because owners would exploit employees as before when there were no labour laws.
  3.    Statement:          

Should India acquire/manufacture the latest nuclear weapons?

      Arguments:

  1. Yes, the enemies of India are improving their weapons continuously.
  2. No, it will be against our policy of maintaining world peace.
  3. Statement:          

Should animals be killed in the name of laboratory experiment?

      Argument:

  1. Yes, they are available in abundance.
  2. No, we have been supporting non-violence on every step of our lives.
  3.    Statement:          

Should the prestigious people be met with special treatment by law if they have committed crime unknowingly?

      Arguments:

  1. Yes, because the prestigious people do not commit crime intentionally.
  2. No, it is our policy that everybody is equal before the law.
  3. Statement:          

Should mutual funds be brought under stricter Government control?

      Arguments:

  1. Yes, that is one of the ways to protect the interest of the investors.
  2. No, stricter Government controls are likely to be counterproductive.

    ANSWERS:

  3. 5   
  4. 1   
  5. 4   
  6. 2   
  7. 1

Directions (Q. 1-5): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments insofar as they relate to the question. “Strong” arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. 

Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument. Give answer 

(a) If only argument I is “strong”. 

(b) If only argument II is “strong”. 

(c) If either I or II is “strong”. 

(d) If neither I nor II is “strong”. 

(e) If both I and II are “strong”. 

Q1. Statement: Should legal professionals of India have the right to go on strike? 

Arguments: 

  1. No, India is already facing a backlog of about three crore cases countrywide due to frequent strikes of lawyers. Another strike will only enhance the grievances of the aggrieved clients.
  2. Yes, legal professionals are also a part of our society. If they feel that their dignity, independence and integrity has been lowered, strike would be the only meaningful weapon for them.

Answer:(a)

I is strong because the backlog is a cause for concern. II is not strong because it is difficult to believe that strike is “the only meaningful weapon” to achieve the said objective.

Q2. Statement: Should there be a free phone service for children in distress? 

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, child is the father of man.
  2. No, this will be misused by children.

Answer:(d)

I is not strong because it is not directly related to our core issue. II is also not strong because this is based on a wrong notion.

Q3. Statement: Should citizens of India have the right to access information from the government? 

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, more than twenty countries have equipped their citizens with the right to access information from their respective governments.
  2. Yes, the move would provide openness in government functioning and ensure transparency and accountability in it.

Answer:(b)

I is not strong because we can’t correlate the facilities provided to the citizens of other countries with the facilities provided to Indian citizens. II is strong because this is will ensure smooth functioning of the government.

Q4. Statement: Should a rapist be sentenced to life imprisonment in India? 

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, there is an enormous increase in incidence of rape and crime against women all over India and the existing provisions for punishment are not so stringent that the cases of rapes can be reduced.
  2. Yes, punishment for rape should be more than that for murder as the rape victim suffers for her entire life.

Answer:(e)

I is strong because stringent punishment is a good course of action to put restriction on the number of cases of rapes. II is also strong on the ground of impact of the crime on the life of the victim.

Q5. Statement: Should proliferation of credit cards in the country be restricted? 

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, the facility provided through it makes a person spendthrift.
  2. No, the facility provided through it makes the cardholder high-tech.

Answer:(d)

Both the argument focus on trivial aspects. Hence, both I and II are weak arguments.

Directions (Q. 6-10): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments insofar as they relate to the question. “Strong” arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. 

Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument. Give answer

(a) If only argument I is “strong”. 

(b) If only argument II is “strong”. 

(c) If either I or II is “strong”. 

(d) If neither I nor II is “strong”. 

(e) If both I and II are “strong”. 

Q6. Statement: Should Antipiracy Bill be brought in the Parliament?

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, This will help the film industry to fight against piracy as a result of which the industry will be financially strong.
  2. No, We have already provisions such as Copyright laws etc to fight against piracy.

Answer:(a)

Only I is strong. II is not strong because we do not know whether the existing provisions are sufficient or not.

Q7. Statement: Should Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) be entitled to dual citizenship?

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, This will bolster the intimacy of the NRIs with the Indian soil.
  2. No, The move will not be fruitful for all NRIs because there is lack of provisions for dual citizenship in many countries.

Answer:(a)

I is not strong because intimacy of NRIs with Indian soil will be helpful for Indian economy. II is a weak argument because a move can’t be restricted only because the move is not giving benefit to all of a kind.

Q8. Statement: Should reputed private driver training schools be allowed to issue driving licences?

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, This will enable more and more people to get driving licences.
  2. No, This will increase the congestion of the vehicles on the road and will result in traffic jams too.

Answer:(d)

I is weak because it is not desirable. Moreover, is falsely assumes that govt authorities can’t cope with the demand of driving hiences. II is weak because it is not logical. It wrongly assumes that such a move will lead to a spurt in the number of vehicles.

Q9. Statement: Should a trouble-born state like Jammu & Kashmir release separatist leaders without any condition?

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, Release of separatist leaders will be useful as a goodwill gesture to make the situation peaceful in the state.
  2. No, Unconditional release of the separatist leaders will aggravate the existing situation because these leaders have not shown any flexibility in their views.

Answer:(c)

I is strong because it will encourage non-violence and will make the environment conducive for peace. II is also strong because effort from early one side will not necessarily usher in desirable result. But the state can’t be both more and less peaceful at the same time. Hence either I or II follows.

Q10. Statement: Should power theft be made a cognizable offence?

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, People do not use power honestly.
  2. No, This will be a wise decision and will reduce anti-social activities in society.

Answer:(d)

Both I and II are weak arguments.
Directions (Q. 1-5): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments insofar as they relate to the question. “Strong” arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. 

Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument. Give answer

(a) If only argument I is “strong”. 

(b) If only argument II is “strong”. 

(c) If either I or II is “strong”. 

(d) If neither I nor II is “strong”. 

(e) If both I and II are “strong”. 

  1. Statement: Should legal professionals of India have the right to go on strike?

Arguments:

  1. No, India is already facing a backlog of about three crore cases countrywide due to frequent strikes of lawyers. Another strike will only enhance the grievances of the aggrieved clients.
  2. Yes, legal professionals are also a part of our society. If they feel that their dignity, independence and integrity has been lowered, strike would be the only meaningful weapon for them.

    Answer: 
    (a) I is strong because the backlog is a cause for concern. II is not strong because it is difficult to believe that strike is “the only meaningful weapon” to achieve the said objective.

  3. Statement: Should there be a free phone service for children in distress?

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, child is the father of man.
  2. No, this will be misused by children.

    Answer:
    (d) I is not strong because it is not directly related to our core issue. II is also not strong because this is based on a wrong notion.

  3. Statement:Should citizens of India have the right to access information from the government?

Arguments:

  1. Yes, more than twenty countries have equipped their citizens with the right to access information from their respective governments.
  2. Yes, the move would provide openness in government functioning and ensure transparency and accountability in it.

    Answer:
    (b) I is not strong because we can’t correlate the facilities provided to the citizens of other countries with the facilities provided to Indian citizens. II is strong because this is will ensure smooth functioning of the government.

  3. Statement:Should a rapist be sentenced to life imprisonment in India?

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, there is an enormous increase in incidence of rape and crime against women all over India and the existing provisions for punishment are not so stringent that the cases of rapes can be reduced.
  2. Yes, punishment for rape should be more than that for murder as the rape victim suffers for her entire life.

    Answer:
    (e) I is strong because stringent punishment is a good course of action to put restriction on the number of cases of rapes. II is also strong on the ground of impact of the crime on the life of the victim.

  3. Statement: Should proliferation of credit cards in the country be restricted?

Arguments:

  1. Yes, the facility provided through it makes a person spendthrift.
  2. No, the facility provided through it makes the cardholder high-tech.

    Answer:
    (d) Both the argument focus on trivial aspects. Hence, both I and II are weak arguments.

Directions (Q. 6-10): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments insofar as they relate to the question. “Strong” arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. 

Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument. Give answer

 

(a) If only argument I is “strong”. 

(b) If only argument II is “strong”. 

(c) If either I or II is “strong”. 

(d) If neither I nor II is “strong”. 

(e) If both I and II are “strong”. 

  1. Statement:Should Anti-piracy Bill be brought in the Parliament?

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, This will help the film industry to fight against piracy as a result of which the industry will be financially strong.
  2. No, We have already provisions such as Copyright laws etc to fight against piracy.

    Answer:
    (a) Only I is strong. II is not strong because we do not know whether the existing provisions are sufficient or not.

  3. Statement: Should Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) be entitled to dual citizenship?

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, This will bolster the intimacy of the NRIs with the Indian soil.
  2. No, The move will not be fruitful for all NRIs because there is lack of provisions for dual citizenship in many countries.

    Answer:
    (a) I is not strong because intimacy of NRIs with Indian soil will be helpful for Indian economy. II is a weak argument because a move can’t be restricted only because the move is not giving benefit to all of a kind.

  3. Statement:Should reputed private driver training schools be allowed to issue driving licences?

Arguments:

  1. Yes, This will enable more and more people to get driving licences.
  2. No, This will increase the congestion of the vehicles on the road and will result in traffic jams too.

    Answer:
    (d) I is weak because it is not desirable. Moreover, is falsely assumes that govt authorities can’t cope with the demand of driving sciences. II is weak because it is not logical. It wrongly assumes that such a move will lead to a spurt in the number of vehicles.

  3. Statement: Should a trouble-born state like Jammu & Kashmir release separatist leaders without any condition?

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, Release of separatist leaders will be useful as a goodwill gesture to make the situation peaceful in the state.
  2. No, Unconditional release of the separatist leaders will aggravate the existing situation because these leaders have not shown any flexibility in their views.

    Answer:
    (c) I is strong because it will encourage non-violence and will make the environment conducive for peace. II is also strong because effort from early one side will not necessarily usher in desirable result. But the state can’t be both more and less peaceful at the same time. Hence either I or II follows.

  3. Statement: Should power theft be made a cognizable offence?

Arguments: 

  1. Yes, People do not use power honestly.
  2. No, This will be a wise decision and will reduce anti-social activities in society.

Answer:
(d) Both I and II are weak arguments.

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