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Static Awareness – Jammu & Kashmir

Static Awareness: An Insight Into The Indian State (JAMMU AND KASHMIR)

Image result for jammu and kashmir political map

Today, we are discussing about the state “Heaven Of India” – “Jammu & Kashmir”.

Jammu and Kashmir  is a state in northern India, often denoted by the acronym J&K. It is located mostly in the Himalayan mountains, and shares borders with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. Jammu and Kashmir has an international border with China in the north-east, and the Line of Control separates it from Pakistan. The state has special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India.Jammu and Kashmir consist of three regions: Jammu, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh, and is further divided into 22 districts.Srinagar is the summer capital, and Jammu is the winter capital.
Jammu and Kashmir touches international boundaries with countries and their name are:1. China in the North-East : McMohan Line2. Pakistan in the West : Line Of Control3. Afghanistan in the North-West : Duran Line

Chief Minister -> Mehbooba Mufti
Governor -> Narinder Nath Vohra
High Court-> Jammu and Kashmir High Court [Srinagar Wing (Summer) and Jammu Wing (Winter)] Chief Justice of High Court of J&K-> Sh. Justice Badar Durrez AhmedAdministrative Language -> Urdu
State day-> Accession day (26th Octuber)
Major Industries -> Handicrafts & Handlooms

 

 

Nicknames/Special titles of Cities 

City Name

Special Name

Srinagar City Of Lakes/Rivers
Kashmir Switzerland Of India
Siachen Highest & Coldest Battlefield in the World

Folk Dances:

1. Kud Dance
2. Dumhal Dance
3. Rouf Dance
4. Bhand Pather
5. Bachha Nagma
6. Hafiza Dance
7. Bhand Jashan
8. Bacha Nagma
9. Wuegi-Nachun

 

Important Festivals Of Jammu & Kashmir

1. Baisakhi
2. Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha
3. Hemis Festival
4. Lohri
5. Urs

Important Rivers & Dams Of Jammu & Kashmir

Sr.No.

Dam River

District

1. Baglihar Dam Chenab Ramban
2. Dulhasti Dam Chenab Kishtwar
3. Kishenganga Dam Kishanganga Bandipore
4. Nimoo Bazgo Dam Indus Leh (Ladakh)
5. Pakal Dul Dam Marusudar Kishtwar
6. Uri-II Dam Jhelum Baramula
7. Salal (Rockfill And Concrete ) Dam Chenab Reasi

 

Important Lakes In Jammu & Kashmir

S. No.

Lake

Remarks

Located in/near
1. Dal Lake “Jewel in the crown of Kashmir” Srinagar
2. Gadsar Lake “Lake of flowers” Sonamarg
3. Krishnasar Lake Sonamarg
4. Gangabal Lake “Haramukh Ganga” Sonamarg
5. Nagin Lake “Jewel In The Ring” Srinagar
6. Wular Lake “Largest fresh water lake in Asia” Srinagar
7. Manasbal Lake “Bird’s Paradise” Srinagar
8. Pangong Lake Share international boundary with China Leh
9. Tso Kar Lake “White or Salty lake” Ladakh
10. Sheshnag Lake Pahalgam

 

Important National Parks, Bird and Wildlife Sanctuary

SR. No.

National Park

Famous species

Place/near

1.

Dachigam National Park Hangul (Kashmiri Stag) Srinagar

2.

Salim Ali National Park Srinagar

3.

Kazinag National Park Markhor (Capra falconeri) Srinagar
4. Kishtwar High Altitude National Park Himalayan Snow Cock and brown bear
5. City Forest National Park (CFO) Known as “Salim National Park” Srinagar
6. Hemis National Park It is believed to have the highest density of snow leopards of any protected area in the world Ladakh
7. Glulmarg WLS Musk Deer Srinagar
8. Limber WLS Baramulla
9. Nandini WLS Jammu

 

Important Mountains

Sr. No. Mountains Heights

Place/near

1. Karakoram & Kyunlun ranges (k2) 8615 M These mountains lie to the north and north-east of the State
2. Nanga Parbat Range 8107 M Gilgit
3. Soyamji (volcanic mountain) 1860M North Machhipura (Handwara)
4. Pir Panjal Range (part of greater Himalyan) 1400-4100M J & K and Himachal Pradesh
5. Amarnath (part of Himalyan) 5372 M Gander district of Kashmir
6. Harmukh (part of Himalyan) 5142 M Ganderbal District of Jammu and Kashmir
7. Shiwalik Range 1500 M Starts from the Indus and ends to the Brahmaputra

 

Important Stadiums

S. No.

Stadium

City

1. Sher-i-Kashmir Srinagar
2. Bakshi Srinagar
3. Maulana Azad Jammu

 

Important Temples/Archaeological Monuments/Sites

S. No.

Temples/Archaeological Monuments/Sites

Remarks

1. Amarnath Temple
2. Vaishno Devi Mandir Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released coins with Maa Vaishno Devi’s image on the Head side of the coins.
3. Bahu Fort
4. Raghunath Temple temple are covered with gold sheet on three sides while the interiors of the temple are plated with gold
5. Peer Kho cave temple It is widely believed that Ramayan character Jamvant (the bear God) meditated in this cave.
6. Panchbakhtar Temple It is one of the oldest Shivalya in the city and the Lingam in this temple is self manifested (Aap Shambu).
7. Mahamaya Temple
8. Shankaracharya Temple Known as Takht-I-Sulaiman
9. Hari Parbat Fort & Temple of Sharika Devi
10. Kheer Bhawani
11. Jama Masjid Originally built by Sultan Sikandar in 1400 A.D.
12. Hazratbal Mosque Only domed mosque in Srinagar
13. Khanqah of Shah Hamadan 1st  mosque ever built in 1395 Srinagar
14. Chhatti Padshahi Gurudwara
15. Shalimar Bagh Mughal Garden
16. Chashme Shahi One of the Mughal gardens built in 1632 A.D. Nubra Valley, north east of Ladakh valley
17. Thikse Monastery Leh in Ladakh
18. Shanti Stupa Buddhist white-domed stupa on a hilltop in Chanspa, Leh district
19. Magnetic Hill Leh
20. Leh Palace Built by King Sengge Namgyal in the 17th Century
21. St. Joseph’s Catholic Church It was established in 1891, by Mill Hill Missionaries, making it the oldest Catholic church in Jammu and Kashmir
22. Martand Temple  Dedicated to Lord Surya , the “Sun God”
23. Amar Mahal Palace Built in the 19th  Century for Raja Amar Singh, a Dogra king

 

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