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Top 100 Indian Polity Questions with Answers

Top 100 Indian Polity Questions with Answers

1. How are legislative excesses of Parliament and State Assemblies checked? – Judicial review 

2. Which functionary can be invited to give his opinion in the Parliament? – Attorney-General of India 

3. Which is presided over by one who is not its member? – Rajya Sabha 

4. In which House of the Parliament, the Presiding Officer is not a member of the House? – Rajya Sabha 

5. Which State elect only one member of the Lok Sabha ? – Sikkim 

6. The first mid- term elections for Lok Sabha were held in which year? – 1971 

7. The elective strength of the Lok Sabha was increased by which amendment? – 31st Amendment 

8. By whom are the Salaries of the Judges of the Supreme Court determined? – Parliament 

9. Which Article of the Constitution permits the Supreme Court to review its own judgement or order? – Article 137 

10. Who has the right to transfer any case anywhere in India? – Supreme Court 

11. Who is the final authority to interpret the Constitution? – The Supreme Court 

12. How many types of writs can be issued by the Supreme Court? – 5 

13. What makes the Judiciary the guardian of the Constitution? – Judicial Review 

14. Which Chief Justices of India acted as the President of India also? – Justice M. Hidayatullah 

15. How many states in India have two houses, namely Legislative Assembly and Legislative council? – Eight 

16. Ordinance of Governor has to be passed by the Assembly within how many months? – 6 weeks 

17. Money Bill can be introduced in the State Legislature with the prior consent of which officer? – The Governor 
18. Which office is held during the pleasure of the President of India? – The Governor of a State 

19. Who was the first woman Chief Minister in independent India? – Sucheta Kripalani 

20. Who remains in office as long as the President of India wishes? – The Governor 

21. The ordinance issued by the Governor are subject to approval by which body? – State Legislature

22. Which States/ Union Territory has a Legislative Assembly consisting on only 30 members? – Puducherry 

23. The total number of members of the Legislative Council can in no case be less than how many members? – 40 
24. Which State can nominate two women members of the Legislative Assembly? – Jammu and Kashmir 

25. What is the maximum number of members that the Legislative Assembly of a State in India can have? – 500 

26. Which is the Upper Chamber of State Legislature in India? – Legislative Council 

27. What is the period for the legislative Council to detain the ordinary bills? – 3 months 

28. Who is authorised to transfer the judges of one High Court to another High Court? – The President 

29. A High Court Judge addresses his letter of resignation to which officer? – The President 

30. Which High Court has the largest number of Benches? – Guwahati High Court 

31. Who was the first High/Supreme Court Judge, That voluntarily made public his assets,? – Justice K. Kannan 
32. Which High Court has the Territorial Jurisdiction over Andaman and Nicobar Islands? – Calcutta 

33. In Indian Constitution, Article 370 is related with which state? – Jammu and Kashmir State 

34. Which State has a separate Constitution? – Jammu and Kashmir 

35. To which State the Special Marriage Act, 1954 does not apply? – Jammu and Kashmir 

36. Which Article of the Constitution of India accords special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir? – 370 

37. In India there is a single constitution for the union and the states with the exception of which state? – Jammu and Kashmir 
38. Where was the first Municipal Corporation in India set up? – Madras 

39. Provisions regarding Municipalities and Panchayats were made in the Indian Constitution in which year? – 1993 

40. What does the Constitution (74th) Amendment Act, 1993 mentions? – The Municipalities 

41. When was the Panchayati Raj System introduced in India? – 1959 

42. A committee appointed in 1977 to review working of the Panchayati Raj was chaired bywhich man? – Ashok Mehta 
43. Which Amendment of the Constitution provided constitutional status to Panchayati Raj institutions? – 73rd Amendment 
44. The Panchayati Raj system was first started in India in the states of Rajasthan and which of the state? – Andhra Pradesh 
45. The Constitutional status has been given to Panchayats under which Article? – 243 

46. The Panchayati Raj institution at the block level is known by which name? – Panchayat Samiti 

47. What is the middle unit in the three-tier Panchayati Raj System? – Panchayat Samiti 

48. Which Indian State has no Panchayat Raj institution? – Nagaland 

49. The entry Public Health and Sanitation is included in the Constitution of India in which list? – State List 
50. Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act was enacted in Indian in which year? – 2003 

52. The Finance Commission is constituted under which Article of the Constitution of India? – 280 

53. In which list does the Union Government enjoy exclusive powers? – Union List 

54. Who is the Vice Chairman of Planing Commission of India? – Montek Singh Ahluwalia 

55. In which list does the subject of Co-operative Societies fall? – State List 

56. Who appoints the Union Public Service Commission? – President 

57. Which of the following has the powers to create a new All-India Service? – Parliament 

58. The Election Commission was converted into ‘Three Members Commission’ in which year? – 1990 

59. Which country was the earliest to give women the right to vote? – New Zealand 

60. NRI (Non-Resident Indian) Day is observed on which days? – 9th January 

61. The Constitutional Amendment by which the age for voting has been revised from 21 years to 18 years? – 61st 

62. How many recognised politial parties are there in India? – 6 

63. The right to vote in India is given to all People on which basis? – Age 

64. Which first Indian State that was created on a linguistic basis? – Andhra Pradesh 

65. English is the official language of which one of the following Indian States? – Nagaland 

66. While Hindi is the official language, Why has English been permitted for official use? – Indefinitely 

67. Originally the constitution recognised how many languages? – 14 

68. What is the scientific name of the National Fruit of India–Mango? – Manigifera Indica 

69. What is the scientific name of the National Bird of India–Peacock? – Pavo Cristatus 

70. What is the scientific name of the National Tree Banyan of India? – Ficus Benghalensis 

71. The Government of India has decided to declare which river as National River? – Ganga 

72. which Indian State came under President’s rule for maximum number of time? – Punjab 

73. How many time did the President of India declare National Emergency so far? – Thrice 

74. How many types of emergencies are envisaged by the Constitution? – 3 

75. The Ninth Schedule to the Indian Constitution was added by which amendment?– First Amendment 

76. The 42nd Amendment Act (1976) has incorporated into the Constitution of India a new chapter on which matter? – Fundamental Duties 
77. Which was the most controversial Amendment passed during the emergency? – 42nd 

78. Sikkim was made an integral part of India under the which amendment? – 36th Amendment 

79. What does the 73rd Amendment of the Indian Constitution deals? – Panchayati Raj 

80. The method of Constitutional Amendment is provided in which article? – Article 368 

81. Which Constitutional Amendment Acts was said to be a ‘Mini Constitution’? – 42nd 

82. The minimum age of voting in India was lowered from 21st to 18 years by which Constitutional Amendment Act? – 61st 

83. Which language has included in the constitution by the Ninety-second Amendment Act? – Dogri 

84. Which theorie of Communism is not a doctrine of Karl Marx? – Theory of New Democracy 

85. Which assumed sovereign power at midnight of August, 14/15, 1947 provisionally? – Interim Government 

86. By whom was the basic parameters of India’s Foreign Policy were laid down? – Jawahar Lal Nehru 

87. There is no provision in the Constitution for the impeachment of the which officer? – Vice-President 

88. Why was Justice U.C. Banerjee Commission constituted? – To Probe 2002 Godhra incident 

89. Who is the author of the book ‘A Foreign Policy of India’? – I.K. Gujral 

90. What is the minimum legal age of marriage for girls in India? – 18 years 

91. Under the Preventive Detention a person can be detained without trial for how many months? – Three months 
92. What is the line demarcating the boundary between India and China in North Eastern Sector called? – Mek Mohan Line 
93. Which political theory advocates the withering away of the State? – Marxism 

94. In which year was Mandal Commission Report implemented? – 1990 

95. In which General Election did the Congress Party lost majority in the Parliament for the first time? – 1977 

96. Which is the most important element of the State? – Sovereignty 

97. Which is the only State in India to have the Common Civil Code? – Goa 

98. On whose vision was the term ‘democratic socialism’ described? – Jawahar Lal Nehru 

99. which political theory advocates the ‘Dictatorship of Proletariat’? – Marxism 

100. In which area does the state government not have control over its local bodies? – Citizens grievances

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