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Computer – Some Important Abbreviations

A

  • Al – Artificial intelligence
  • ALGOL – Algorithmic Language
  • ARP – Address resolution Protocol
  • ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange

B

  • BINAC  – Binary Automatic Computer
  • BCC – Blind Carbon Copy
  • Bin – Binary
  • BASIC – Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
  • BIOS – Basic Input Output System
  • Bit – Binary Digit
  • BSNL – Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

C

  • CC – Carbon Copy
  • CAD – Computer Aided Design
  • COBOL – Common Business Oriented Language
  • CD – Compact Disc
  • CRT – Cathode Ray Tube
  • CDR – Compact Disc Recordable
  • CDROM – Compact Disc Read Only Memory
  • CDRW – Compact Disc Rewritable
  • CDR/W – Compact Disk Read/Write

D

  • DBA – Data Base Administrator
  • DBMS – Data Base Management System
  • DNS – Domain Name System
  • DPI – Dots Per Inch
  • DRAM – Dynamic Random Access Memory
  • DVD – Digital Video Disc/Digital Versatile Disc
  • DVDR – DVD Recordable
  • DVDROM – DVD Read Only Memory
  • DVDRW – DVD Rewritable
  • DVR – Digital Video Recorder
  • DOS – Disk Operating System

E

  • EBCDIC – Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
  • e-Commerce – Electronic Commerce
  • EDP – Electronic Data Processing
  • EEPROM – Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
  • ELM/e-Mail – Electronic Mail
  • ENIAC – Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
  • EOF – End Of File
  • EPROM – Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
  • EXE – Executable

F

  • FAX – Far Away Xerox/ facsimile
  • FDC – Floppy Disk Controller
  • FDD – Floppy Disk Drive
  • FORTRAN – Formula Translation
  • FS – File System
  • FTP – File Transfer Protocol

G

  • Gb – Gigabit
  • GB – Gigabyte
  • GIF – Graphics Interchange Format
  • GSM –  Global System for Mobile Communication

H

  • HDD – Hard Disk Drive
  • HP – Hewlett Packard
  • HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language
  • HTTP – Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

I

  • IBM – International Business Machine
  • IM – Instant Message
  • IMAP – Internet Message Access Protocol
  • ISP – Internet Service Provider

J

  • JPEG – Joint Photographic Experts Group

K

  • Kb – Kilobit
  • KB – Kilobyte
  • KHz – Kilohertz
  • Kbps – Kilobit Per Second

L

  • LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
  • LED – Light Emitting Diode
  • LPI – Lines Per Inch
  • LIS – Large Scale Integration

M

  • Mb – Megabit
  • MB – Megabyte
  • MPEG – Moving Picture Experts Group
  • MMS – Multimedia Message Service
  • MICR – Magnetic Ink Character reader
  • MIPS – Million Instructions Per Second

N

  • NIC – Network Interface Card
  • NOS – Network Operating System

O

  • OMR – Optical Mark Reader
  • OOP – Object Oriented Programming
  • OSS – Open Source Software

P

  • PAN – Personal Area Network
  • PC – Personal Computer
  • PDA – Personal Digital Assistant
  • PDF – Portable Document Format
  • POS – Point Of Sale
  • PNG – Portable Network Graphics
  • PPM – Pages Per Minute
  • PPP – Point-to-Point Protocol
  • PROM – Programmable Read Only Memory
  • PSTN – Public Switched Telephone Network
  • POST – Power On Self Test
  • PING – Packet Internet Gopher

R

  • RAM – Random Access Memory
  • RDBMS – Relational Data Base Management System
  • RIP – Routing Information Protocol
  • RTF – Rich Text Format

S

  • SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  • SQL – Structured Query Language
  • SRAM – Static Random Access Memory
  • SNMP – Simple Network Management Protocol
  • SIM – Subscriber Identification Module

T

  • TCP – Transmission Control Protocol
  • TB – Tera Bytes

U

  • UPS – Uninterrupted Power Supply
  • URI – Uniform Resource Identifier
  • URL – Uniform Resource Locator
  • USB –  Universal Serial Bus
  • ULSI – Ultra Large Scale Integration
  • UNIVAC – Universal Automatic Computer

V

  • VAR – Variable
  • VGA – Video Graphics Array
  • VSNL – Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
  • VDU – Visual Display Unit

W

  • Wi-Fi – Wireless Fidelity
  • WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network
  • WPA – Wi-Fi Protected Access
  • WWW – World Wide Web
  • WORM – Write Once Read Many

X

  • XHTML – eXtensible Hyper text Markup Language
  • XML –  eXtensible Markup language

Z

  • ZB – Zeta Byte


Some other Important Abbreviations – 

  • OCR – Optical Character Readers
  • ODBC – Open Data Base Connectivity
  • OLE – Object Linking And Embedding
  • OMR – Optical Mark Reader
  • ONE – Open Network Architecture
  • OOA – Object Orient Analysis
  • OOAD – Object Oriented Analysis And Design
  • OOP – Object Oriented Programming
  • OOPS – Object Oriented Programming System
  • OPEN GL – Open Graphics Library
  • OS – Operating System
  • OSI – Open System Interconnection
  • PC – Personal Computer
  • PCI – Peripheral Component Interconnect
  • PCMCIA – Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
  • PDA – Personal Digital Assistant
  • PDF – Portable Document Format
  • PDL – Page Description Language
  • PDU – Protocol Data Unit
  • PIC – Programming Interrupt Control
  • PILOT – Programmed Inquiry Learning Or Teaching
  • PLA – Programmable Logic Array
  • PLC – Programmable Logic Controller
  • PNG – Portable Network Graphics
  • PNP – Plug And Play
  • PPP – Peer To Peer Protocol
  • PPTP – Point To Point Tunneling Protocol
  • PROM – Programmable Read Only Memory
  • PS – Post Script
  • RADSL – Rate Adaptive Digital Subscribes Line
  • RAID – Redundant Array Of Independent Disks
  • RAM – Random Access Memory
  • RAMDAC – Random Access Memory Digital To Analog Converter
  • RAS – Remote Access Network
  • RD RAM – Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
  • RDBMS – Relational Data Base Management System
  • RDO – Remote Data Objects
  • RDP – Remote Desktop Protocol
  • RFC – Request For Comments
  • RGB – Red Green Blue
  • RICS – Reduced Instruction Set Computer
  • RIP – Raster Image Processor
  • RISC – Reduced Instruction Set Computer
  • ROM – Read Only Memory
  • RPC – Remote Procedure Call
  • RTC – Real Time Clock
  • RTF – Rich Text Format
  • RTOS – Real Time Operating System
  • SACK  – Selective Acknowledgements
  • SAM – Security Access Manager
  • SAP – Service Access Point, Systems ApplicationsProducts
  • SCMP –  Software Configuration Management Plan
  • SD RAM – Synchronous Dynamic Random AccessMemory
  • SDD  – Software Design Description
  • SDK – Software Development Kit
  • SDL – Storage Definition Language
  • SDN – Integrated Service Digital Network
  • SDSL – Symmetric Digital Subscribes Line
  • SG RAM – Synchronous Graphics Random AccessMemory
  • SGML – Standard Generalized Markup Language
  • SIM – Subscriber Identification Module
  • SIMD – Single Instruction Multiple Data
  • SISD – Single Instruction Single Data
  • SIU – Serial Interface Unit
  • SMP – Symmetric MultiProcess
  • SMS – Short Message Service
  • SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  • SNA – System Network Architecture
  • SNAP – Sub Network Access Protoco
  • lSNMP – Simple Network Management Protocol
  • SNOBOL – String Oriented Symbolic Language
  • SOAP – Simple Object Access Protocol
  • SPX – Sequenced Packet Exchange
  • SQA – Statistical Quality Assurance
  • SQL – Structured Query Language
  • SRAM – Static Random Access Memory
  • SRS – Software Requirements Specification
  • STP – Shielded Twisted Pair
  • SVVP – Software Verification And Validation Plan
  • SW – Software
  • TAPI – Telephony Application Program Interface
  • TB – Tera Bytes
  • TCP – Transmission Control Protocol
  • TCPIP – Transmission Control Protocol InternetProtocol
  • TDI – Transport Data Interface
  • TDMA – Time Division Multiple Access
  • TPM – Transactions Processing Monitor
  • TSR – Terminate And Stay Residents
  • UDD – User Datagram Protocol
  • UDP – User Datagram Protocol
  • UI – User Interface
  • UML – Unified Modelling Language
  • UNC – Universal Naming Convention
  • UNIX – Uniplexed Information And ComputerSystems
  • URL – Universal Resource Locator
  • USB – Universal Serial Bus
  • USRT – Universal Synchronous ReceiverTransmitted
  • UTP  -Unshielded Twisted Pair
  • VAN – Virtual Area Network
  • VAST – Very Small Aperture Terminal
  • VB – Visual Basic
  • VC++ – Visual C++
  • VCD – Video Compact Disc
  • VDL – View Definition Language
  • VGA – Video Graphics Array
  • VHS – Video Home System
  • VLIW – Very Long Instruction Words
  • VLSI – Very Large Scale Integrated Circuits
  • VPN – Virtual Private Network
  • VRAM – Video Random Access Memory
  • VRML – Virtual Reality Modelling Language
  • VS – Visual Studio
  • VVR – Software Validation And Validation Report
  • VXD – Virtual Device Driver
  • W3C – World Wide Web Consortium
  • WAIS – Wide Area Information Servers
  • WAN – Wide Area Network
  • WAP – Wireless Application Protocol
  • WBEM – WebBase Enterprise Management
  • WDM – Wave Division Multiplexing

 

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