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If you are preparing for competitive exams of Banking, SSC, etc. like (IBPS Clerk, IBPS PO, SBI Clerk, SBI PO, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, RRB NTPC, RBI, LIC AAO, etc.) you will encounter English Language and Comprehension sections. One of the most important aspects of the English section, in any exam, is to learn to Spot Errors and Correct Sentences. These Error Spotting and Sentence Correction Grammar Capsules are aimed at helping you learn a little bit of Grammar every day. Let us start with Error Spotting Capsule 3 which deals with the concept of “Such as”. You can even download Error Spotting Capsule 3as PDF.
Ram: I want to go to places like Izmir and Istanbul.
Sam: I want to go to places such as Delhi and Agra.
What is the difference between these two statements?
Ram wants to visit places like Izmir and Istanbul; this does not necessarily mean he wants to go to these places. He wants to visit places which are similar to Izmir and Istanbul.
Sam wants to visit places such as Delhi and Agra; he wants to go to these places and also other places similar to them.
Rules for “Such as”
Spot the error in the following sentences
Here are the answers!!!
Explanation 1: I enjoy playing musical instruments,
like such as the piano and the violin.
Piano and violin are not similar musical instruments. Clearly, then he must be referring not to a class of instruments but rather the list of instruments. Hence, they must be introduced using ‘such as’. Don’t forget the comma!!
Explanation 2: Countries such as India are democratic. Adding a comma before such as is incorrect as the phrase ‘such as India’ adds to the meaning of the statement. The corrected sentence would then be:
Countries such as India are democratic.
Explanation 3: Foods such as burgers
or and pizzas are unhealthy.
The statement means all kinds of junk foods are unhealthy. ‘Or’ gives a choice: either burgers or pizzas are unhealthy. Thus, ‘or’ must be replaced with ‘and’. Note that if we omitted “such as burgers and pizzas” from the statement, then it would be saying that “All foods are unhealthy”. This is incorrect and thus we can say that “such as burgers and pizzas” are integral to the sentence. So we don’t need to add a comma.